One of the main components of Indonesia's Just Economy policy is extensive and rapid land reform, which targets about 12% of the country's land area for redistribution to farmers and communities by 2019. Much of the reform is occurring on forest land. At the same time, the country has pledged a significant reduction of its greenhouse gas emissions by 2030, two thirds of which is to be achieved from forests. Hence agrarian reform potentially conflicts with emission reduction commitments.
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Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationNovember, 2019Indonesia
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2015Burkina Faso, Western Africa
Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 2013Nepal, Southern Asia
Library ResourceReports & ResearchTraining Resources & ToolsDecember, 2008
The operations policy on Development Policy Lending (DPL), approved by the Board in August 2004, requires that the Bank systematically analyze whether specific country policies supported by an operation are likely to have "significant effects" on the country's environment, forests, and other natural resources. The implicit objective behind this requirement is to ensure that there is adequate capacity in the country to deal with adverse effects on the environment, forests, and other natural resources that the policies could trigger, even at the program design stage.
Library ResourceLegislation & PoliciesOctober, 2006Zambia
Land is the most fundamental resource in any society because it is the basis of human survival. Land is the space upon which all human activities take place and provides continued existence of all life forms and minerals.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksMarch, 2017Latin America and the Caribbean, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Argentina, Colombia, Peru
Secure land tenure in rural landscapes is widely recognized as an essential foundation for achieving a range of economic development goals. However, forest areas in low and middle-income countries face particular challenges in strengthening the security of land and resource tenure. Forest peoples are often among the poorest and most politically marginalized communities in their national contexts, and their tenure systems are often based on customary, collective rights that have insufficient formal legal protection.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksJune, 2011Global
Chaque année, 13 millions d’hectares de forêts sont perdus
dans le monde, ce qui représente la superficie globale de
l’Autriche et de la Suisse réunies. Cette déforestation touche
à raison de 90 pour cent des forêts tropicales. La perte de
forêts a des effets dévastateurs sur le climat et est la source
de 15 % à 20 pour cent des émissions mondiales de gaz à
effet de serre. Si l’on veut maintenir le réchauffement de la
planète en-dessous du seuil critique de 2 °C, les pertes de
forêts et la dégradation doivent être enrayées sans délai. En
Library ResourceReports & ResearchNovember, 2016Global
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsAugust, 2016Global
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