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Showing items 1 through 9 of 48.
  1. Library Resource
    How Do Differences in Land Ownership Types in China Affect Land Development? A Case from Beijing
    Peer-reviewed publication
    January, 2017
    China

    China has a unique land use system in which there are two types of land ownership, namely, state-owned urban land and farmer collective-owned rural land. Despite strict restrictions on the use rights of farmer collective-owned land, rural land is, in fact, developed along two pathways: it is formally acquired by the state and transferred into state ownership, or it is informally developed while remaining in collective ownership.

  2. Library Resource
    Screenshot 2019-02-14 at 14.01.45.A good practice on the implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure: A multi-actor and multi-sector approach in Sierra Leone cover image
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    October, 2016
    Sierra Leone

    In Sierra Leone, the well-being and livelihoods of many people, particularly the rural poor, are based on secure and equitable access to land, fisheries and forests. Increasing pressure on these resources in recent years has led to an escalation of conflict over access to natural resources.

  3. Library Resource
    Managing environmentally-induced migration in drylands: The Win-Win Strategy cover image
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    August, 2009
    Global

    Human activities have resulted in unprecedented phenomena and severe impacts for the 21st century such as land degradation, natural resources scarcity, climate change, and a rapid decline in biodiversity. These alterations engender secondary effects such as political conflicts, disputes over resources, social disruptions and sudden shocks of catastrophic weather events which are becoming more frequent in critical regions of the world, particularly in drylands; and exacerbate threats for human, national and international security.

  4. Library Resource
    The Forgotten Billion: MDG achievement in the Drylands cover image
    Manuals & Guidelines
    Journal Articles & Books
    August, 2011
    Global

    As the world reviews its progress in tackling global poverty and achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), drylands can no longer be ignored. Drylands account for more than a third of the world’s land surface and more than 2 billion of its people. Yet for too long, drylands and their inhabitants have been neglected in development processes.

  5. Library Resource
    Investing in Smallholder Agriculture for Food Security cover image

    A Report by the High Level Panel of Experts on Food Security and Nutrition of the Committee on Food Security. 2013

    Reports & Research
    June, 2013
    Global

    In October 2011, the Committee on World Food Security (CFS) requested the High Level Panel of Experts (HLPE) to prepare "a comparative study of constraints to smallholder investment in agriculture in different contexts with policy options for addressing these constraints, taking into consideration the work done on this topic by IFAD, and by FAO in the context of COAG, and the work of other key partners.

  6. Library Resource
    Manuals & Guidelines
    May, 2016
    Kenya

    The absence of a clearly defined land use policy in Kenya after years of independence has resulted in a haphazard approach to managing the different land use practices and policy responses. Land use continues to be addressed through many uncoordinated legal and policy frameworks that have done little to unravel the many issues that affect land use management. The Constitution of Kenya 2010, Kenya Vision 2030 and the Sessional Paper No. 3 of 2009 on National Land Policy all call for a clear framework for effectively addressing the challenges related to land use.

  7. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    April, 2012
    Kenya

    Land plays a vital and central role in the economic, social-cultural and political lives of both individuals and communities. Given its centrality in the socio-economic and political spheres, national goals such as economic development, poverty reduction, social and political stability are closely linked to land. Land provides the livelihood base for the bulk of the population especially in the rural areas where agriculture is the main occupation. Despite their importance, land and environment in Kenya have suffered decades of mismanagement that has led to the current state of degradation.

  8. Library Resource
    COVER IMAGE
    Journal Articles & Books
    Reports & Research
    July, 2012
    Kenya

    The acquisition of land by foreigners in developing countries has emerged as a key mechanism for foreign direct investment (FDI). FDI is defined by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) as the category of international investment that reflects the objective of a resident entity in one economy to obtain a lasting interest in an enterprise resident in another economy.

  9. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    June, 2006
    Afghanistan

    Jusqu'en 1978, l'État afghan était faible mais stable. En revanche, il avait
    toujours été accompagné par un ordre rural solide. L'effondrement ne se produisit que lorsque eut lieu une tentative d'édification d'un État fort sans consultation de la population rurale, sur la base d'idéologies étrangères et sous l'influence de l'armée. Même si l'État central a parfois fait défaut, de nombreuses institutions publiques ont démontré une surprenante capacité de survie dans les provinces, au point que de larges pans de la population avaient

  10. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    June, 2006
    Somalia

    La Somalie est l'exemple d'un pays moderne dans lequel l'État central n'existe plus depuis de longues années. Bien qu'elle soit souvent décrite comme étant un pays chaotique et anarchique, une nouvelle forme d'organisation sociale s'y est mise en place depuis longtemps. Il semble même qu'un grand nombre de
    personnes s'accommodent bien de cette absence d'un État central.

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