China has a unique land use system in which there are two types of land ownership, namely, state-owned urban land and farmer collective-owned rural land. Despite strict restrictions on the use rights of farmer collective-owned land, rural land is, in fact, developed along two pathways: it is formally acquired by the state and transferred into state ownership, or it is informally developed while remaining in collective ownership.
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Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationJanuary, 2017China
Library ResourceVideosMarch, 2018Cambodia
The VGGT are very necessary for Cambodia because of the role these guidelines play in protecting human rights, and especially land rights. Let's watch the video together in order to get more information on VGGT.
Library ResourceVideosJanuary, 2017Cambodia
80% of Cambodian people are farmers living in rural and remote areas. They are depending on agriculture, livestock and natural resource extraction to feed their families. Nearly last two decades, the royal government of Cambodia has tried its effort develop legal framework, infrastructure and urbanization to attract national and foreign investments to invest in Cambodia. while legal enforcement has been weak, some development plan has exploited and caused negative impacts on Cambodia people who are majority poor.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchEcuador
La distinción entre el derecho a la propiedad y el derecho de propiedad importa tanto en lo dogmático constitucional como en lo constitucional procesal, en la medida en que las garantías instituidas se activen suficientemente para proteger su oportuno ejercicio. Es necesario que los criterios de aplicación se homogenicen con el propósito de interpretar los derechos y la garantías de manera efectiva.
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2015Southern Africa, Central Asia, South America, Africa, Asia, Western Africa, Eastern Africa, Southern Africa, Southern Asia, Sub-Saharan Africa, Central Asia, South America, Africa, Asia
In addition to global developments and food policy changes, 2014 also saw important developments with potentially wide repercussions in individual countries and regions. This chapter offers perspectives on major food policy developments in various regions including Africa, the Middle East and North Africa, Central Asia, South Asia, East Asia, and Latin America and the Caribbean.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchJuly, 2017Africa
Reports from meeting near Bilbao from peasants in South Africa, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Niger, Mali, Senegal and Ghana. Almost everywhere in Africa the elite and corporations are undertaking efforts to capture and control people’s basic means of production, such as land, mineral resources, seeds and water. These resources are increasingly being privatized due to the myriad of investment agreements and policies driven by new institutional approaches, imposed on the continent by western powers and Bretton Woods institutions.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchOctober, 2013Myanmar
... Located on Myanmar’s eastern border with Thailand, Kayah State has long been isolated because of conflicts between the minority groups there and the Burmese army; as a result, little is known about its agricultural systems. As a preliminary to NGO agricultural development projects, an agrarian diagnosis of two major types of agroecosystems in the state—lowlands alluvial plains and uplands—was conducted. The objective was to identify recent agrarian changes leading to the current presence of different types of farmers in each area and understand their development potential.
Library ResourceLegislation & PoliciesMay, 2011South Africa
To amend various laws under the administration of the Minister of Rural Development and Land Reform, so as to substitute certain obsolete definitions to ensure legal certainty; to effect certain consequential amendments in this regard; and to provide for matters connected therewith. BE IT ENACTED by the Parliament of the Republic of South Africa
Library ResourceLegislation & PoliciesOctober, 2015South Africa
The Deputy Minister of the Department of Rural Development and Land Reform (DRDLR), addressed the Committee on the motivation for the amendments to the Extension of security of tenure (land) Amendment Bill, saying the fundamental resolve was to overcome decades of hardship in South Africa. Its redress was not about obsolete political stories, but about the creation of just opportunities.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchTraining Resources & ToolsDecember, 2008
The operations policy on Development Policy Lending (DPL), approved by the Board in August 2004, requires that the Bank systematically analyze whether specific country policies supported by an operation are likely to have "significant effects" on the country's environment, forests, and other natural resources. The implicit objective behind this requirement is to ensure that there is adequate capacity in the country to deal with adverse effects on the environment, forests, and other natural resources that the policies could trigger, even at the program design stage.
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