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Showing items 1 through 9 of 68.
  1. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    December, 2009
    Lebanon, Western Asia

    Lebanon is ICARDA’s second host country and the country that witnessed the launch of the center in the mid-1970s through the ALAD program of the Ford Foundation. This process culminated in 1977 with a host country agreement signed with the Government of Lebanon in 1977, which established ICARDA here as an International Center.

  2. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    December, 2009
    Afghanistan, Algeria, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Iran, Libya, Morocco, Mauritania, Pakistan, Sudan, Tunisia, Turkey, Western Africa, Eastern Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Asia, Western Asia

    ICARDA has long-standing outreach programs in North Africa, the Nile Valley, and the Red Sea region (Fig 2). In its current strategic plan, the Center will extend its work to the drylands of Sub-Saharan Africa.

  3. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    May, 2009
    Kenya

    This analysis and recommendations stem from USAID/Kenya’s request for an assessment of Kenya’s draft National Land Policy (dNLP).4 It was conducted under the global task order: Property Rights and Resource Governance Program, a mechanism designed and supervised by USAID-EGAT’s Land Resources Management Team under the Office of Natural Resources Management.

  4. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    December, 2009
    Kenya

    This study was motivated by the need to understand the interplay
    between cotton farming in Barwessa and household food security
    in the area.
    The study was centered on three main objectives:
    • To examine the extent to which subsistence farming is affected by
    cotton,
    • To identify the relationship between levels of household food security
    in relation to income and expenditure,
    • To investigate women's access to income from cotton production, their
    food production and food security roles,

  5. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    August, 2009
    Africa

    Après avoir été largement négligée pendant plus de deux décennies, l’agriculture figure désormais au premier rang des priorités de développement en Afrique. Étant donné l’importance cruciale de ce secteur dans la plupart des pays du continent, les chefs d’État et de gouvernement de l’Union africaine ont choisi, en juillet 2001, de l’incorporer en tant que seul productif parmi les cinq priorités sectorielles du Nouveau Partenariat pour le développement de l’Afrique. Ce choix a été plus tard renforcé par l’initiative du Secrétaire général de l’ONU en faveur de la révolution verte africaine.

  6. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    December, 2009
    Africa

    Water scarcity is considered to be one of the largest threats for many parts of Africa. Under water scarce conditions reducing the consumption of water and preventing pollution of accessible water resources is essential. Combating water scarcity in both dimensions of quality and quantity is of special relevance for the LNV priority regions (including those in Water Mondiaal). Future LNV policies to address food security in Africa will affect the use, spread and fate of agrochemicals as well.

  7. Library Resource
    January, 2009

    One of the effects of the food price crisis on the world food system is the increasing acquisition of farmland in developing countries by other countries seeking to ensure their food supplies.This brief analyses the pros and cons of land acquisitions in developing countries by capital rich economies. It argues that acquisitions have the potential to inject much needed investment into agriculture and rural areas in poor developing countries resulting into creation of farm and off-farm jobs and development of rural infrastructure.

  8. Library Resource
    January, 2009
    Sub-Saharan Africa

    Over 2008 large-scale acquisitions of farmland in Africa, Latin America, Central Asia and Southeast Asia have increased. This report discusses key trends and drivers in land acquisitions, the contractual arrangements underpinning them and the way these are negotiated. It also analyses the early impacts on land access for rural people in recipient countries with a focus on sub-Saharan Africa.

  9. Library Resource
    January, 2010

    Considerable hype and debate are currently surrounding the potential of biochar (charcoal created through the burning of biomass in low oxygen environments) in climate change mitigation and agriculture. This report attempts to summarise the arguments, assumptions and interests in the biochar debate and offer reflections on its prospects. The report begins by outlining what it calls the triple-win of biochar. The production of biochar can be tuned to release bioenergy or biofuels in the form of syngas and bio-oil, thus providing decarbonised biomass fuel.

  10. Library Resource
    January, 2010
    Malawi, Sub-Saharan Africa

    The central and southern regions of Malawi predominantly follow matrilineal succession and inheritance and practice uxorilocal marriages. Women, rather than men, own the primary land rights. Colonial government officials and some Eurocentric scholars have argued that the system of uxorilocal marriages and female ownership of land rights are inimical to agricultural development principally because men lose the motivation to make long term investments in land which does not belong to them.

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