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Showing items 1 through 9 of 97.
  1. Library Resource

    Volume 7 Issue 4

    Peer-reviewed publication
    December, 2018
    South Africa, Southern Africa

    Urban agriculture is said to be increasing with global urbanization. However, there is little examination of the temporal or spatial dynamics of urban agriculture. We investigated the benefits and challenges experienced by community gardeners in four towns in South Africa, along with GIS analysis of the number, area, and location of urban food community gardens over the last three decades. Common reasons for practicing community gardening were cash poverty (37%) and the need to grow food (34%).

  2. Library Resource

    Volume 7 Issue 4

    Peer-reviewed publication
    December, 2018
    United States of America

    Soil databases are very important for assessing ecosystem services at different administrative levels (e.g., state, region etc.). Soil databases provide information about numerous soil properties, including soil inorganic carbon (SIC), which is a naturally occurring liming material that regulates soil pH and performs other key functions related to all four recognized ecosystem services (e.g., provisioning, regulating, cultural and supporting services). However, the ecosystem services value, or “true value,” of SIC is not recognized in the current land market.

  3. Library Resource

    Volume 7 Issue 4

    Peer-reviewed publication
    December, 2018
    Global

    Pantanal is one of the largest wetlands in the world. In its southern portion, it hosts significant beef cattle ranching, having a herd of 4,832,200 head of cattle in 2016 (IBGE, 2018). Yet it presents intra-regional differences and complementarities. This article discusses such current territory definition, focusing on cattle ranching in Pantanal, considering its forms of occupation, agents, and its intra-regional flow of cattle.

  4. Library Resource

    Volume 7 Issue 3

    Peer-reviewed publication
    September, 2018
    Global

    Agricultural expansion and intensification enabled growth of food production but resulted in serious environmental changes. In light of that, debates concerning sustainability in agriculture arises on scientific literature. Land sharing and land sparing are two opposite models for framing agricultural sustainability. The first aims to integrate agricultural activities with biodiversity conservation by means of enhancing the quality of the agricultural matrix in the landscape towards a wildlife friendly matrix.

  5. Library Resource

    Volume 7 Issue 2

    Peer-reviewed publication
    June, 2018
    Uganda

    Understanding the impact of commercial agriculture in the face of global change is critical to support strategies that ensure food security and alleviate poverty among households. We assessed the contribution of commercial sugarcane cultivation to household-level food security among smallholder farmers in Busoga sub-region, eastern Uganda. Land use changes are motivated by quick commercial gains rather than sustained food production; a situation that influences food security.

  6. Library Resource

    Volume 7 Issue 2

    Peer-reviewed publication
    June, 2018
    Global

    Increases in human population and per-capita consumption are putting enormous pressure on land resources. About 38% of the Earth’s land area is being used in agricultural production [1], with about half (ca. 31%) of the remaining land being under forest cover [2] and the other half being less suitable for agricultural production due to edaphic, topographic and/or climatic factors. Despite the fact that over the last three decades the world food production has doubled [3], about 1 in 9 people in the world is still undernourished [4].

  7. Library Resource
    Manuals & Guidelines
    December, 2018
    Africa, Eastern Africa, Ethiopia

    በኢትዮጵያ ኃላፊነት የተሞላበት የግብርና ኢንቨስትመንት ዕውን ለማድረግ የሚያስችል የማህበራዊና አካባቢ የስነ ምግባር ደንብ የተዘጋጀው የግብርና ኢንቨስትመንት ፕሮጀክቶች ሁሉን አቀፍ ፣ዘላቂ ፣ ግልጽነት የሰፈነባቸው እና ሰብአዊ መብቶችን የሚያከብሩ መሆናቸውን ማረጋገጥ ይችሉ ዘንድ ለመርዳት ታስቦ የተዘጋጀ የስነ ምግባር ደንብ ሰነድ ነው ፡፡ ይህ ሰነድ የተዘጋጀው የኢትዮጵያ ሆርቲካልቸርና ግብርና ኢንቨስትመንት ባለስልጣን የግብርና ኢንቨስትመንት ልማት በተገቢው መንገድ ተግባራዊ ለማድረግ የሚያስችሉ መመሪያዎችን ለማዘጋጀት ባሳየው ቁርጠኝነት ምክንያት ነው፡፡

  8. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    October, 2018
    Kenya, Eastern Africa, Africa

    Send a Cow (SAC) is a nongovernmental organization (NGO) that has been working in Kenya since 1996. It focuses on groups of smallholder farmers, providing them with training in sustainable agriculture and improved animal management. SAC is mostly active in western Kenya, one of the country's most populated and poorest region. The population density for this region ranges from 337 to 1,300 inhabitants per km² with an average density of 590 people per km2 (Kenya Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, 2001; KNBS, 2010).

  9. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2018
    Uganda, Africa, Eastern Africa

    This study aims to explain effects of soil textural class, topography, land use, and land use history on soil greenhouse gas (GHG) fluxes in the Lake Victoria region. We measured GHG fluxes from intact soil cores collected in Rakai, Uganda, an area characterized by low‐input smallholder (<2 ha) farming systems, typical for the East African highlands. The soil cores were air dried and rewetted to water holding capacities (WHCs) of 30, 55, and 80%. Soil CO2, CH4, and N2O fluxes were measured for 48 h following rewetting.

  10. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    December, 2018
    Pakistan, Asia, Southern Asia

    The climate-smart agriculture (CSA) concept reflects an ambition
    to improve the integration of agriculture development and climate
    responsiveness. It aims to achieve food security and broader
    development goals under a changing climate and increasing food
    demand. CSA initiatives sustainably increase productivity, enhance
    resilience, and reduce/remove greenhouse gases (GHGs), and
    require planning to address trade-offs and synergies between
    these three pillars: productivity, adaptation, and mitigation [1].

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