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Showing items 1 through 9 of 79.
  1. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2018
    Vietnam

    During the post-reform period since 1986, land-use systems in Vietnam have been reformed in terms of the regulation of land markets and the built environment. This study analyzes the changing role of urban planning and the policy of state intervention in land markets to manage spatial changes in Vietnamese cities. Theoretical and empirical approaches are used to analyze urban development and planning practices in Hanoi. The study further describes the constraints of planning systems in hybrid land markets that include both formal and informal land development.

  2. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2018
    Laos

    Agricultural large-scale land acquisition (LSLA) is a process that is currently not captured by land change models. We present a novel land change modeling approach that includes processes governing LSLAs and simulates their interactions with other land systems. LSLAs differ from other land change processes in two ways: (1) their changes affect hundreds to thousands of contiguous hectares at a time, far surpassing other land change processes, e.g., smallholder agriculture, and (2) as policy makers value LSLA as desirable or undesirable, their agency significantly affects LSLA occurrence.

  3. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2018
    Thailand

    There has been a trend to encourage organic agriculture in response to improve global food security. This article investigated how organic agriculture contributed to food security of small land holders experiencing organic agriculture. It involved in-depth interview, focus group, and participatory observation from a purposive sample of thirty participants at San Sai and Muang Wa Villages, Luang Neua Sub-District, Doi Sa Ket District, Chiang Mai Province, the north of Thailand.

  4. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    July, 2018
    Northern Africa, Egypt, Morocco, Sudan, Tunisia, Eastern Africa, Ethiopia, Southern Asia, Afghanistan, India, Iran, Western Asia, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine, Syrian Arab Republic

    Widespread heat waves, floods, and droughts last year were a strong reminder of the threats posed by climate change. In the non-tropical dry areas where ICARDA works we are becoming accustomed to record high temperatures and increasing water scarcity year on year. Resilience and climate change adaptation are at the heart of ICARDA’s new Strategic Plan 2017-2026 – a bold and ambitious effort to harness cutting-edge science and deliver the tools and technologies that smallholder farmers need to maintain agricultural production and protect their livelihoods.

  5. Library Resource

    Volume 7 Issue 4

    Peer-reviewed publication
    December, 2018
    United States of America

    Soil databases are very important for assessing ecosystem services at different administrative levels (e.g., state, region etc.). Soil databases provide information about numerous soil properties, including soil inorganic carbon (SIC), which is a naturally occurring liming material that regulates soil pH and performs other key functions related to all four recognized ecosystem services (e.g., provisioning, regulating, cultural and supporting services). However, the ecosystem services value, or “true value,” of SIC is not recognized in the current land market.

  6. Library Resource

    Volume 7 Issue 3

    Peer-reviewed publication
    September, 2018
    Global

    Agricultural expansion and intensification enabled growth of food production but resulted in serious environmental changes. In light of that, debates concerning sustainability in agriculture arises on scientific literature. Land sharing and land sparing are two opposite models for framing agricultural sustainability. The first aims to integrate agricultural activities with biodiversity conservation by means of enhancing the quality of the agricultural matrix in the landscape towards a wildlife friendly matrix.

  7. Library Resource

    Volume 7 Issue 2

    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2018
    Vietnam

    This paper undertakes a comparative analysis of rural-urban land conversion policies in China and Vietnam, and examines the ideology of the state in land policymaking under a market socialism environment. It argues that land policies in both countries include ambiguous boundaries, which allow the socialist state to legitimize its politico-administrative power in land management and retain strong intervention capacity in the land market.

  8. Library Resource

    Volume 7 Issue 2

    Peer-reviewed publication
    June, 2018
    Uganda

    Understanding the impact of commercial agriculture in the face of global change is critical to support strategies that ensure food security and alleviate poverty among households. We assessed the contribution of commercial sugarcane cultivation to household-level food security among smallholder farmers in Busoga sub-region, eastern Uganda. Land use changes are motivated by quick commercial gains rather than sustained food production; a situation that influences food security.

  9. Library Resource
    Manuals & Guidelines
    December, 2018
    Africa, Eastern Africa, Ethiopia

    በኢትዮጵያ ኃላፊነት የተሞላበት የግብርና ኢንቨስትመንት ዕውን ለማድረግ የሚያስችል የማህበራዊና አካባቢ የስነ ምግባር ደንብ የተዘጋጀው የግብርና ኢንቨስትመንት ፕሮጀክቶች ሁሉን አቀፍ ፣ዘላቂ ፣ ግልጽነት የሰፈነባቸው እና ሰብአዊ መብቶችን የሚያከብሩ መሆናቸውን ማረጋገጥ ይችሉ ዘንድ ለመርዳት ታስቦ የተዘጋጀ የስነ ምግባር ደንብ ሰነድ ነው ፡፡ ይህ ሰነድ የተዘጋጀው የኢትዮጵያ ሆርቲካልቸርና ግብርና ኢንቨስትመንት ባለስልጣን የግብርና ኢንቨስትመንት ልማት በተገቢው መንገድ ተግባራዊ ለማድረግ የሚያስችሉ መመሪያዎችን ለማዘጋጀት ባሳየው ቁርጠኝነት ምክንያት ነው፡፡

  10. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    December, 2018
    Africa, Eastern Africa, Ethiopia

    The Ethiopian Growth and Transformation Plan (GTP), targets achieving food security and becoming a middle-income country by 2025. One part of the strategy is encouraging large-scale agricultural investment (LSAI) by domestic and international investor. To that effect, ample arable land in various region is being leased out, Benishangul-Gumuz region being one of them.

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