Population growth leads to growing land scarcity and landlessness in poor agrarian economies. Many of these also face severe climate risks that may increase in the future. Tenure security is important for food security in such countries and at the same time threatened by social instability that further accelerate rural-urban and international migration. Provision of secure property rights with low-cost methods that create investment incentives can lead to land use intensification and improved food security.
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Search resultsShowing items 1 through 9 of 24.
Library ResourceJanuary, 2016Algeria, Ethiopia
Library ResourceJanuary, 2002Ethiopia, Sub-Saharan Africa
The report is based on information collected in the aftermath of the 1999 famine. It presents some basic information on North Wälo, as well as relevant impressions from the authors journey. Statistics from the Disaster Prevention and Preparedness Commission show that all of North Wälo is exposed to famine, but the picture varies much from year to year.
Library ResourceJanuary, 1999
Examines livelihood diversification as a survival strategy of rural households in developing countries. Although still of central importance, farming on its own is increasingly unable to provide a sufficient means of survival in rural areas.
Library ResourceJanuary, 2002
This issue focuses on the economic, social and instiutional restructuring required in Afghanistan to achieve food security and justice.The major areas of action required include:the revival of Afghan agricultureaffirmative actions to restore Afghan women’s rightseducation to develop human capital The articles included are:From relief to recovery: rebuilding AfghanistanTribal strengths can help manage common landHungry for learning: food for education programmes
Library ResourceJanuary, 1996Sub-Saharan Africa
Report draws attention to the structure of landholding as a set of mechanisms through which demographic changes in agrarian societies can alter the natural environment: demographically-induced change in the structure of landholding: farm holdings generally become smaller as an ever-increasing number of households enter the agricultural work force and seek to derive their livelihood from this fixed resource base holdings tend to become more fragmented, not simply in the number of parcels operated but in the distances between parcels, as farmers look harder and farther for whatever bits and p
Library ResourceJanuary, 2004Ethiopia, Sub-Saharan Africa
This paper takes a grassroots approach to understand the causes of the variation in food security status among rural farm households Ethiopia.The research is carried out by the Broadening Access and Strengthening Input Market Systems (BASIS) project in Ethiopia which conducted a panel of household surveys since June 2000 in four study districts in South Wollo and Oromia zones of Amhara region.
Library ResourceJanuary, 2016Rwanda, Zambia, Nicaragua, Vietnam, Madagascar, China, Peru, India, Malawi, Ethiopia, Cambodia
This paper reviews the literature to identify the relationship between tenure security and food security. The literatures on tenure issues and food security issues are not well connected and the scientific evidence on the causal links between tenure security and food security is very limited. The paper explores the conceptual linkages between land tenure reforms, tenure security and food security and illustrates how these vary across diverse contexts.
Library ResourceJanuary, 1999India, Southern Asia
Continued agricultural growth and diversification into nonagricultural activities are essential if India is to continue reducing rural poverty. But policymakers hoping to alleviate rural poverty must also be aware of the causes and implications of persisting, if not increasing, inequality within villages. Jayaraman and Lanjouw review longitudinal village studies from a variety of disciplinary perspectives to identify changes in living standards in rural India in recent decades.
Library ResourceJanuary, 1995
Proposed here is a new scheme for allocating international river water that accounts for the stochastic nature of water supply and the dynamic nature of its demand. The suggested scheme is expected to improve the efficiency of river basins' water allocation and the riparians' welfare.International river and lake basins constitute about 47 percent of the world's continental land area, a proportion that increases to about 60 percent in Africa, Asia, and South America.
Library ResourceJanuary, 1999Bangladesh, Southern Asia
What are the gains from a better education, more land ownership, or a different occupation in Bangladesh? Do the gains differ in urban and rural areas? Have they remained stable over time? Do household size, family structure, and gender affect well-being? Do consumption, poverty, and inequality depend more on characteristics of households or on the areas in which those households are located?Using household data from five successive national surveys, Wodon analyzes the microdeterminants of (and changes in) consumption, poverty, growth, and inequality in Bangladesh from 1983 to 1996.