About two-thirds of the developing world’s 3 billion rural people live in about 475 million small farm households, working on land plots smaller than 2 hectares. 1 Many are poor and food insecure and have limited access to markets and services. Their choices are constrained, but they farm their land and produce food for a substantial proportion of the world’s population. Besides farming they have multiple economic activities, often in the informal economy, to contribute towards their small incomes.
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Library ResourceReports & ResearchMarch, 2015Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Nicaragua, Bolivia, Vietnam, Bangladesh, Albania
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationMarch, 2021Canada, Spain, United States of America
The strategy of the institutionalization and development of business agglomerations, in any of its analytical aspects (industrial district, local production system, cluster, etc.), has not had great results in Spanish regions with low business-density, probably due to the difficulty of finding an adequate implementation framework in administrative, geographic, and institutional terms.
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationMarch, 2021Canada, Portugal
The Multi-Level Perspective (MLP) is an analytical framework developed to explain transitions towards sustainability. This article aims to contribute to enhancing the use of the MLP to understand the transitions towards sustainability in agriculture. We propose that MLP is an insightful framework to capture particular micro-level trajectories of adopting innovations. The Douro wine region in Northern Portugal, known worldwide for the wines that are produced there, was the study area of our empirical research.
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationMarch, 2021Ukraine
Background: The urban-rural land divide is visible through where people choose to work. This article aims to detect how, where and why people use rural coworking spaces instead of or in addition to working in urban areas. Methods: The research relied on both documented evidence and a structured survey among users of coworking spaces. Results: We found that the choice of working in rural coworking spaces draws on certain benefits and opportunities for its users, such as avoiding social isolation, separating private and professional life, reducing the commuting.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchMay, 2013India, British Indian Ocean Territory, Norway
Urban Development - Urban Governance and Management Rural Development - Common Property Resource Development Communities and Human Settlements - Land Use and Policies Rural Development - Rural Land Policies for Poverty Reduction Public Sector Management and Reform Public Sector Development
Library ResourceReports & ResearchJuly, 2016Belarus, Brazil, Central African Republic, Norway, United States of America
Belarus has preserved its third position in Registering Property in the World Bank’s Doing Business 2014 report. Constant improvement of property registration procedures has allowed Belarus to achieve that. The Registering Property indicator takes into account three factors: the number of procedures required to transfer rights to property, the time spent on completing all the necessary procedures and the cost of procedures. From ”The Earth Summit“ in Brazil 1992 sustainable development recognized by almost all societies as one of the major global goals.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchSeptember, 2016Norway
Systems thinking is a tool that can be used by faculty to facilitate the exercise of integration while promoting critical thinking in the classroom, which is hypothesized to improve student learning. This paper describes a pilot study undertaken in 2003 in an undergraduate economics course. The paper reflects on the experiences incorporating the use of systems thinking to improve interdisciplinary learning from both the learner and teacher perspective. Land Economics/Use,
Library ResourceReports & ResearchNovember, 2016Norway
Library ResourceReports & ResearchApril, 2016Norway, Uganda
We use community and household data with plot-level information to explore the determinants of different forms of land conflicts and the conflicts’ impact on agricultural productivity in Uganda. Tracing rural-rural migration patterns, we find that communities that receive/host more immigrants (and thus have many coexisting tribes) tend to have more land conflicts than those sending migrants out.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchSeptember, 2016China, Russia, United States of America
Farmers' ability to leave agriculture is an important and debated topic in China and other countries. Many scholars believe China's unique land tenure policies prevent farmers from leaving agriculture. This paper examines the hypothesis that China's land tenure system deters exit from agriculture using household level data from Northeast China. Farm Management, Labor and Human Capital, Land Economics/Use,
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