Agriculture, countryside and peasantry have been priority concerns of the Chinese govern- ment, with land and agriculture being the most crucial. With a growing population, less arable land and often relatively low-quality land, Chinese peasant agriculture has been undergoing a form of modernization.While peasants enjoy land-contract rights as a result of the Household Responsibility System (HRS), the state has been promoting transfer of land-use rights in order to promote modern agriculture.
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Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationJuly, 2015China
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationFebruary, 2019China
In summary, China presents a particularly intriguing case for the study of land system dynamics with its spatial patterns of cropland and crops, crop structure and diversity, land transfer and consolidation, and land use intensity changes against the backdrop of its rapid socio-economic transformation, globalization, and environmental challenges. Moreover, after 40 years since the commencement of China’s Economic Reform and the de-collectivization of agriculture, it is a good time to review and reflect how China’s agricultural land systems have been transformed.
Library ResourceInstitutional & promotional materialsOctober, 2018Japan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Germany, Iran, Pakistan
Afghanistan joined FAO in 1949 and has a long history of technical cooperation with the Organization. Today the<p></p>Afghanistan country programme is one of FAO’s largest in the Asia and Pacific region. Ongoing projects in the country cover<p></p>household food and livelihood security, animal health and transboundary diseases; small-scale integrated dairy schemes,<p></p>value chain development; soil mapping and national agriculture ecological zoning; and development of research policy and<p></p>strategy.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchPolicy Papers & BriefsJanuary, 2009Mongolia, Eastern Asia, Oceania
As market reforms to the Mongolian economy continue and the country enjoys rapid economic growth, the environment has entered a period of unprecedented pressure. Mining, infrastructure development and tourism development, in particular, are undergoing rapid expansion, and all pose risks to Mongolia's globally important biodiversity.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchPolicy Papers & BriefsMay, 2012China, Eastern Asia, Oceania
China's success in addressing food problems after adopting the reforms in 1978 has been nothing less than remarkable. Grain output (rice, wheat and maize) has almost doubled and most hunger has been eliminated. Ever since China embarked on its reform agenda more than 30 years ago, its economic growth and poverty reduction have been nothing less than remarkable. Agriculture has been an important contributor to these developments.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchPolicy Papers & BriefsJune, 2012Mongolia, Eastern Asia, Oceania
Dzud is the Mongolian term for a winter weather disaster in which deep snow, severe cold, or other conditions render forage unavailable or inaccessible and lead to high livestock mortality. Dzud is a regular occurrence in Mongolia, and plays an important role in regulating livestock populations. However, dzud, especially when combined with other environmental or socio-economic stresses and changes, can have a significant impact on household well-being as well as local and national economies.
Library ResourceTraining Resources & ToolsPolicy Papers & BriefsSeptember, 2012Vietnam, Eastern Asia, Oceania
Vietnam's rapid and sustained economic growth and poverty reduction in the last two decades benefitted from the policy and legal reforms embodied in the Land Laws of 1987, 1993 and 2003 and subsequent related legal acts. This note outlines reforms related to four main themes. The first relates to the needed reform for agriculture land use to create opportunity to enhance effectiveness of land use as well as to secure farmers' rights in land use. Prolonging the duration of agricultural land tenure would give land users greater incentives to invest and care for the land.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchPolicy Papers & BriefsDecember, 2016China, Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa
Agriculture has been essentially the backbone of economic growth for centuries. The sector has provided employment for the majority of the world population for generations, and has served as a powerful force in transforming of economies towards an industry- and service- based. In many countries, through both productivity increases and farm land expansion, agriculture contributed to the transformation by releasing labor force for the other parts of the economy, providing food security, keeping wage down by providing low cost food, and generating foreign exchange.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchTraining Resources & ToolsJune, 2016Malaysia, Eastern Asia, Oceania
The MEM is the World Bank's biannual flagship publication on Malaysia. It provides analysis of recent economic developments and the near-term outlook for Malaysia. Each publication also focuses on a special topic related to Malaysia's transformation into a high-income economy. Malaysia is at the forefront of a "new generation" of trade agreements that will shape trade and investment over the next decade.
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