Labor migration and large-scale land enclosures are increasingly central to the story of agrarian change throughout the Global South. Nonetheless, there remain limited understandings of how recent explosions of mobile labor and new sources of smallholder capital shape and are shaped by ongoing land use and property transformations. This article reviews this gap in Southeast Asia – a region where labor and capital are highly mobile and where the expansion of industrial agriculture and forestry has been particularly rapid.
Search resultsShowing items 1 through 9 of 22.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksFebruary, 2020Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2018Cambodia, Vietnam
This study investigated the implications of large-scale land concessions in the Red River Delta, Vietnam, and Northeast Cambodia with regard to urban and agricultural frontiers, agrarian transitions, migration, and places from which the migrant workers originated.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2018Asia, China, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
The Mekong region has undergone rapid socio-economic growth over the past two decades alongside pronounced transformations in a number of key sectors and relations between the rural majority and increasingly-affluent urban centres. Land—as both a foundation for national development and the livelihood basis for millions of rural and agricultural households—continues to play a central role in the Mekong region.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2013Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
Since the early 1960s, notwithstanding dire predictions of agricultural theorists and colonial observers, agricultural growth has been strong among most Southeast Asian countries. More recently, this expansion has reached the maritime domain, with the rapid development of aquatic production through sea-based aquaculture among others. In recent territorial expansion and increase in yields for export crops has been faster than for food crops.
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsDecember, 2015Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Thailand
As BRICS-led foreign investment in agriculture has increased dramatically worldwide in recent years, China in particular, has begun to secure huge quantities of foreign land as an additional measure for securing future food and energy supplies. While an increasing amount of academic research has been conducted on the expansion of land deals in Latin America and Africa in recent years, Southeast Asian cases are just beginning to receive significant attention and have become the focus of some emerging academic and non-academic research.
Library ResourceInstitutional & promotional materialsDecember, 2015Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
Large-scale land acquisition are not new in the Mekong region but have been encouraged and have gathered momentum since the end of the 90s, particularly Cambodia, Laos, and Myanmar. These acquisitions are realized by national and foreign companies from the region, particularly China, Vietnam, and Thailand in a movement strongly associated with economic globalization and neo-liberal policies which promote free flow of capital at the regional and global level and the adaptation of national spaces to the requirement of liberal and global markets (Peemans, 2013).
Library ResourceInstitutional & promotional materialsApril, 2017Asia, China, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Philippines, Vietnam, Southern Asia, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal
With more than 60 percent of Asian population either directly or indirectly relying on agriculture for livelihood, agriculture remains key to uplifting lives of many people in the region, as well as to providing sufficient and nutritious food for all.
In Asia, CIAT undertakes scientific research enabling smallholder farmers, agri-food businesses, and national governments to use smart technologies and innovations and make evidence-based decisions, towards achieving profitability, environmental sustainability and resiliency in agriculture.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksSeptember, 2016Algeria, Egypt, Malawi, Rwanda, Croatia, Burkina Faso, China, Morocco, Ghana, Malta, Ethiopia, Republic of Korea, Niger, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Mozambique, Cyprus, Japan, Vietnam, Albania, Italy, Cambodia
This paper assesses past trends in agricultural land and labour productivity, as a test whether it is feasible to meet the SDG target 2.3, namely doubling productivity and incomes of smallholders within a 15-year time span, if history were to serve as a guide. The target implies agricultural productivity would need to increase by 4.6% per year on average during 2015-2030. Available country-level data on land productivity (1961-2012) and labour productivity (1980-2012) for 140 countries shows that past trends fall well short of the desired pace of productivity growth.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 2007Cambodia, Vietnam, Thailand, Myanmar, China
A research paper by Jochen Hinkel and Timo Menniken on institutional adaptation to the effects of climate change in management of transboundary river basins, published in 2007 by Institute of Environmental Systems Research, University of Osnabrueck.
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsDecember, 2011Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
Swidden (also called shifting cultivation) has long been the dominant farming system in Montane Mainland Southeast Asia (MMSEA). Today the ecological bounty of this region is threatened by the expansion of settled agriculture, including the proliferation of rubber plantations. In the current conception of REDD+, landscapes involving swidden qualify almost automatically for replacement by other land-use systems because swiddens are perceived to be degraded and inefficient with regard to carbon sequestration.
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