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Showing items 1 through 9 of 8.
  1. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2016
    Malawi, Africa

    Reliance on rainfall for agriculture and increased climate change and variability pose growing production risks in developing countries. Agriculture in Sub-Saharan Africa is dominated by smallholder farmers who depend mainly on rain-fed agriculture, putting food security at both household and national levels at risk, especially in the event of drought. Investment in smallholder irrigation becomes a priority in developing countries if food security and national development goals are to be met, as their economies are agro-based.

  2. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    Journal Articles & Books
    October, 2016
    Nigeria, Uganda, Tanzania, Ethiopia, Niger, Malawi, Sub-Saharan Africa, Africa

    The contribution of women to labor in African agriculture is regularly quoted in the range of 60–80%. Using individual, plot-level labor input data from nationally representative household surveys across six Sub-Saharan African countries, this study estimates the average female labor share in crop production at 40%. It is slightly above 50% in Malawi, Tanzania, and Uganda, and substantially lower in Nigeria (37%), Ethiopia (29%), and Niger (24%).

  3. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    September, 2016
    Algeria, Egypt, Malawi, Rwanda, Croatia, Burkina Faso, China, Morocco, Ghana, Malta, Ethiopia, Republic of Korea, Niger, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Mozambique, Cyprus, Japan, Vietnam, Albania, Italy, Cambodia

    This paper assesses past trends in agricultural land and labour productivity, as a test whether it is feasible to meet the SDG target 2.3, namely doubling productivity and incomes of smallholders within a 15-year time span, if history were to serve as a guide. The target implies agricultural productivity would need to increase by 4.6% per year on average during 2015-2030. Available country-level data on land productivity (1961-2012) and labour productivity (1980-2012) for 140 countries shows that past trends fall well short of the desired pace of productivity growth.

  4. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    December, 2016
    United States of America, Belgium, Philippines, China, Mexico, Canada, India, Malawi, Chad, Ghana, Africa

    Using detailed household-farm level data from Malawi, we measure real farm total factor productivity (TFP) controlling for a wide array of factor inputs, land quality, and transitory shocks. We nd that factor inputs are roughly evenly spread among farmers: operated land size and capital are essentially unrelated to farm TFP implying a strong negative eect on aggregate agricultural productivity. A reallocation of factors to their ecient use among existing farmers would increase agricultural productivity by a factor of 3.6-fold.

  5. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    December, 2016
    Southern Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, Africa, Malawi

    Land degradation and soil erosion have emerged as serious challenges to smallholder farmers throughout southern Africa. To combat these challenges, conservation agriculture (CA) is widely promoted as a sustainable package of agricultural practices. Despite the many potential benefits of CA, however, adoption remains low. Yet relatively little is known about the decision-making process in choosing to adopt CA. This article attempts to fill this important knowledge gap by studying CA adoption in southern Malawi.

  6. Library Resource
    January, 2016

    With more than three-quarters of its
    workforce employed in agriculture, Malawi is highly
    vulnerable to any adverse events affecting the agriculture
    sector, and agricultural risks are ever present in the
    country. Agricultural risks can obstruct development and
    enforce poverty traps, particularly for a country as reliant
    on agriculture as Malawi. Because of the size of the sector
    in the economy and the importance of agricultural products

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