Reliance on rainfall for agriculture and increased climate change and variability pose growing production risks in developing countries. Agriculture in Sub-Saharan Africa is dominated by smallholder farmers who depend mainly on rain-fed agriculture, putting food security at both household and national levels at risk, especially in the event of drought. Investment in smallholder irrigation becomes a priority in developing countries if food security and national development goals are to be met, as their economies are agro-based.
Search resultsShowing items 1 through 9 of 8.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2016Malawi, Africa
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2016Malawi, Africa, Southern Africa
Library ResourceReports & ResearchJournal Articles & BooksOctober, 2016Nigeria, Uganda, Tanzania, Ethiopia, Niger, Malawi, Sub-Saharan Africa, Africa
The contribution of women to labor in African agriculture is regularly quoted in the range of 60–80%. Using individual, plot-level labor input data from nationally representative household surveys across six Sub-Saharan African countries, this study estimates the average female labor share in crop production at 40%. It is slightly above 50% in Malawi, Tanzania, and Uganda, and substantially lower in Nigeria (37%), Ethiopia (29%), and Niger (24%).
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksSeptember, 2016Algeria, Egypt, Malawi, Rwanda, Croatia, Burkina Faso, China, Morocco, Ghana, Malta, Ethiopia, Republic of Korea, Niger, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Mozambique, Cyprus, Japan, Vietnam, Albania, Italy, Cambodia
This paper assesses past trends in agricultural land and labour productivity, as a test whether it is feasible to meet the SDG target 2.3, namely doubling productivity and incomes of smallholders within a 15-year time span, if history were to serve as a guide. The target implies agricultural productivity would need to increase by 4.6% per year on average during 2015-2030. Available country-level data on land productivity (1961-2012) and labour productivity (1980-2012) for 140 countries shows that past trends fall well short of the desired pace of productivity growth.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 2016United States of America, Belgium, Philippines, China, Mexico, Canada, India, Malawi, Chad, Ghana, Africa
Using detailed household-farm level data from Malawi, we measure real farm total factor productivity (TFP) controlling for a wide array of factor inputs, land quality, and transitory shocks. We nd that factor inputs are roughly evenly spread among farmers: operated land size and capital are essentially unrelated to farm TFP implying a strong negative eect on aggregate agricultural productivity. A reallocation of factors to their ecient use among existing farmers would increase agricultural productivity by a factor of 3.6-fold.
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsDecember, 2016Southern Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, Africa, Malawi
Land degradation and soil erosion have emerged as serious challenges to smallholder farmers throughout southern Africa. To combat these challenges, conservation agriculture (CA) is widely promoted as a sustainable package of agricultural practices. Despite the many potential benefits of CA, however, adoption remains low. Yet relatively little is known about the decision-making process in choosing to adopt CA. This article attempts to fill this important knowledge gap by studying CA adoption in southern Malawi.
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsDecember, 2016Southern Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, Africa, Malawi
Library ResourceJanuary, 2016Malawi
With more than three-quarters of its
workforce employed in agriculture, Malawi is highly
vulnerable to any adverse events affecting the agriculture
sector, and agricultural risks are ever present in the
country. Agricultural risks can obstruct development and
enforce poverty traps, particularly for a country as reliant
on agriculture as Malawi. Because of the size of the sector
in the economy and the importance of agricultural products
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