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Showing items 1 through 9 of 18.
  1. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    March, 2018
    Ethiopia, Africa, Eastern Africa

    Background: Diarrhoea is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality among the under-five children in low-income countries. Despite improvements in water and sanitation coverage, studies show that diarrhoea is still a major public health problem in Ethiopia. This study was designed to determine the magnitude and risk factors of diarrhoea in the agricultural and agro-pastoralist communities of the rural Sidama zone, Southern Ethiopia. Methods: a cross-sectional study was conducted in July 2013. Interview and questionnaire were the main data gathering instruments used in the study.

  2. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    January, 2015
    Rwanda, Ethiopia, India, Kenya, Mongolia, Senegal, Tanzania, Western Africa, Africa, Asia, Central Asia, Eastern Africa, Southern Asia

    This report explores evidence and insights from five case studies that have made significant recent progress in addressing the challenge of insuring poor smallholder farmers and pastoralists in the developing world. In India, national index insurance programmes have reached over 30 million farmers through a mandatory link with agricultural credit and strong government support. In East Africa (Kenya, Rwanda and Tanzania), the Agriculture and Climate Risk Enterprise (ACRE) has recently scaled to reach nearly 200,000 farmers, bundling index insurance with agricultural credit and farm inputs.

  3. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2014
    Senegal, Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Algeria, Niger, Nigeria, Chad, Sudan, South Sudan, Eritrea, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Ethiopia, Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, Middle Africa, Eastern Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa

    In Africa, where most agriculture is rainfed, crop growth is limited by water availability. Rainfall variability during a growing season generally translates into variability in crop production. While the seasonality of rainfall in the drier rangelands can play a significant role in productivity, rain-use efficiency (RUE)—the amount of biomass produced (in kilograms of dry matter per hectare) per millimeter of rainfall—also drives production.

  4. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    December, 2013
    Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Ghana, India, Kenya, Mali, Nepal, Niger, Senegal, Tanzania, Uganda, Africa, Asia, Eastern Africa, Southern Asia, Western Africa

    This meta-synthesis of national climate change adaptation plans, policies and processes spans twelve countries at various stages of adaptation planning and implementation, in three priority CCAFS regions: West Africa (Burkina Faso, Ghana, Mali, Niger, Se?negal), East Africa (Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda) and South Asia (Bangladesh, India, Nepal).

  5. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    November, 2016
    Ethiopia, Africa, Eastern Africa

    Pastoralist Areas Resilience Improvement

    through Market Expansion (PRIME) showed a

    notable decrease in emission intensity (GHG

    emissions per unit of meat or milk). PRIME

    enabled farmers to increase production

    significantly, between 24% and 96%, which led

    to a decrease in emission intensity ranging from

    -4% to -42%.

    ? Due to improvements in feed quantity, PRIME

    projected an increase in average animal weight

    for all livestock (8.3 million head), which resulted

    in an increase in GHG emissions by an

  6. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    November, 2013
    Ethiopia, Africa, Eastern Africa

    Termite infestation is symptomatic of severe land degradation in many semi-arid regions of the Nile Basin. One characteristic of land degradation is low organic matter (OM) reserves in vegetative biomass and soil. One consequence is excessive rainwater depletion through non-productive evaporation and runoff leading to low agricultural water productivity and diminished livelihoods. CPWF research demonstrated that rapid restoration of pasture production is possible by providing manure through night corralling of cattle prior to re-seeding termite affected rangeland in Uganda.

  7. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    September, 2014
    Uganda, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Mali, Niger, Senegal, Tanzania, Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, Eastern Africa, Western Africa

    Using a 9-country dataset from sub-Saharan Africa, and integrating quantitative household-level analyses with qualitative work, the paper shows that gender relations affect agricultural practices and adaptation. The women farmers in our sample control less land than men, the land they control is often of poorer quality, and their tenure is insecure. Women, more than men, are dependent on internal village groups, as opposed to organizations operating at regional or national levels.

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