Indonesia comprises more mangroves than any other country, but also exhibits some of the highest mangrove loss rates worldwide. Most of these mangrove losses are caused by aquaculture development. Monetary valuation of the numerous ecosystem services of mangroves may contribute to their conservation.
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Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationJanuary, 2014Indonesia
Library ResourceManuals & GuidelinesJanuary, 2018Global
This topic guide presents an overview of land corruption in rural and urban areas. It looks at the social costs of corruption in land governance and pays attention to the forms that corruption takes at different levels of land governance. It then presents different ways in which land corruption is being counteracted, based on successful experiences from all around the world with concrete ideas to fight land corruption. Finally, it compiles a list of resources to learn more about the topic.
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsJanuary, 2017Global
Many information technology initiatives have emerged in recent years with the aim of improving natural resource management. These take a variety of technological forms designed either to directly curb corruption in resource extraction and production, or to enhance information flows, facilitate citizen participation, and hold specific actors accountable. Donors can play a role in connecting the divide between development practitioners, technologists, and researchers by supporting the use of tools in programs and evaluations.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchApril, 2019Sub-Saharan Africa, Zambia, Sierra Leone
This report presents findings on corruption in large scale land-based investments (LSLBIs) in Sub-Saharan Africa, and although it draws on case studies from Sierra Leone and Zambia, its recommendations aim to be applicable across Sub-Saharan Africa.
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationFebruary, 2019Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Humanitarian and development organizations working in conflict-affected settings have a particular responsibility to do no harm and contribute to the wellbeing of the population without bias. The highly complex, politicized realities of work in conflict- and post-conflict settings often require quick, pragmatic and results-oriented decisions, the foundations of which remain frequently implicit. Such decisions might follow an intrinsic logic or situational pragmatism rather than intensive deliberation.
Library ResourceJune, 2014
Modern political economy stresses
"society's polarization" as a determinant of
development outcomes. Among the most common dorms of social
conflict are class polarization, and ethnic polarization. A
middle class consensus is defined as a high share of income
for the middle class and a low degree of ethnic
polarization. A middle class consensus distinguishes
development successes from failures. A theoretical model
Library ResourceMarch, 2012
Poor governance is a major impediment to
achieving development outcomes of the forest sector. It
results in losses of income, employment, government
revenues, and local and global environmental services.
However, at present, no comprehensive guide to reforming
forest governance has been developed. Although usually it is
relatively easy to recognize that the forest sector in a
country is failing to deliver all its potential benefits,
Library ResourceFebruary, 2014Moldova
The forestry sector in Moldova faces
significant governance and sustainability challenges. The
insufficient level of forest coverage in Moldova has a
serious impact on environment and overall economic growth in
the country. The situation is exacerbated by the reportedly
intense pressure on forest resources exerted by the human
factor. Illegal logging and grazing are considered as
significant factors that contribute to forest loss. There is
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