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Showing items 1 through 9 of 62.
  1. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    December, 2009

    Three out of every four poor people in developing countries live in rural areas, and most of them depend directly or indirectly on agriculture for their livelihoods. In many parts of the world, women are the main farmers or producers, but their roles remain largely unrecognized. The 2008 World development report: agriculture for development highlights the vital role of agriculture in sustainable development and its importance in achieving the millennium development goal of halving by 2015 the share of people suffering from extreme poverty and hunger.

  2. Library Resource

    Vietnam in Transition

    Reports & Research
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    December, 2008
    Vietnam, Eastern Asia, Oceania

    After decades of war, with a dilapidated infrastructure and millions of people dead, wounded or displaced, Vietnam could have been considered a hopeless case in economic development. Yet, it is now about to enter the ranks of middle-income countries. The obvious question is: How did this happen? This paper goes one step further, asking not which policies were adopted, but rather why they were adopted. This question is all the more intriguing because the process did not involve one group of individuals displacing another within the structure of power.

  3. Library Resource

    Identifying the Constraints to Inclusive Growth in Indonesia's Second-Largest Province

    Reports & Research
    Training Resources & Tools
    February, 2011
    Indonesia, Eastern Asia, Oceania

    East Java is the second largest contributor to Indonesia's economy with a growth rate similar to national level and other major provinces in Java. Nevertheless, for a province that is expected to be a major economic center in the country, there has been very little change in the region's economic structure in the past 10 years. Since 1995, the share of industry and agriculture in the economy is almost unchanged. Furthermore, the growth in both of these two sectors has been low, despite the fact that industry was once the main driver of the East Java economy.

  4. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    December, 2011
    Azerbaijan, Europe, Central Asia

    The objective of this study is to evaluate the World Bank Group's (International Bank for Reconstruction and Development [IBRD], International Development Association [IDA], and International Finance Corporation [IFC]) effectiveness in promoting growth in agricultural productivity in Azerbaijan, and to derive lessons that may be relevant for the World Bank Group's future engagement in Azerbaijani agriculture.

  5. Library Resource

    Household-Level Evidence from the Chengdu National Experiment

    Policy Papers & Briefs
    August, 2015
    China, Eastern Asia, Oceania

    As part of a national experiment in 2008, Chengdu prefecture implemented ambitious property rights reforms, including complete registration of all land together with measures to ease transferability and eliminate migration restrictions. A triple difference approach using the Statistics Bureau’s regular household panel suggests that the reforms increased consumption and income, especially for less wealthy and less educated households, with estimated benefits well above the cost of implementation.

  6. Library Resource
    August, 2014

    Most efforts to trace the effects of
    income inequality on growth have focused on redistribution.
    However, empirical investigation has not substantiated
    either the positive association of income inequality with
    redistribution or the negative association of redistribution
    with economic growth. The authors analyze the effects of
    inequality in the broader context of social polarization.
    They argue that social polarization, whether rooted in

  7. Library Resource
    June, 2014

    Modern political economy stresses
    "society's polarization" as a determinant of
    development outcomes. Among the most common dorms of social
    conflict are class polarization, and ethnic polarization. A
    middle class consensus is defined as a high share of income
    for the middle class and a low degree of ethnic
    polarization. A middle class consensus distinguishes
    development successes from failures. A theoretical model

  8. Library Resource
    January, 2015

    If states would interact more synergistically with communities, they could tap local energies and resources for development-- and help create a development-oriented society and polity in the process. The authors analyze experience in several countries to identify the actions required for state-community synergies in development. Two actions that seem especially important: 1) Broadening the distribution of power within communities, to facilitate collective action and reduce the potential for local capture.

  9. Library Resource
    September, 2013

    This Country Economic Memorandum reviews
    the significant changes Mozambique underwent in the last
    five years, specifying that to continue its rapid growth,
    and reduce its high levels of poverty, the country will need
    to adopt a new set of reforms. Such reforms, focused on
    increasing the profitability of agriculture, and promoting
    labor-intensive manufacturing activities, hold the best hope
    to move poverty into prosperity. Three factors - increased

  10. Library Resource
    June, 2013

    This report is the successor to the
    Country Economic Memorandum for Tanzania prepared in 1996
    (World Bank 1996). The 1996 memorandum focused on the
    challenge of reforms and paid particular attention to the
    impact of reforms on growth, incomes, and welfare in
    Tanzania. The present report draws out lessons from
    Tanzania's development experience of the past four
    decades, with emphasis on the period since the last report,

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