The agriculture sector is the backbone of Ethiopia’s economy and livelihoods. Yet, heavy reliance on rain-fed systems has made the sector particularly vulnerable to variability in rainfall and temperature. Climate change may decrease national gross domestic product (GDP) by 8–10% by 2050, but adaptation action in agriculture could cut climate shock-related losses by half. • Climate risk management interventions and long-term adaptation actions need to match localized vulnerabilities and impacts.
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Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsDecember, 2017Ethiopia, Africa, Eastern Africa
Library ResourceJanuary, 2008Ethiopia, Sub-Saharan Africa
There is a common view and belief that women are the ones that do the farming in Africa while the men do not work much. This paper seeks to find explanations to why land productivity is lower on land rented out by female landlord households than on land rented out by male landlord households in the Ethiopian highlands. The authors find that female landlords have tenants who are older, own less oxen, are more related, and under longer-term contracts.
Library ResourceJanuary, 2003Ethiopia, Sub-Saharan Africa
This PhD thesis provides an econometric analysis of various aspects of the rural economy in Northern Ethiopia.The thesis consists of five papers:an in-depth analysis of poverty, its distribution, dynamics and its correlates within the framework of the role of economic reforms on poverty reduction in a remote, unstable and environmentally troubled regionlooks at the issue of the efficacy of a micro-finance program in reaching out to the poor and measures the impact of program participationexamines the efficacy of food-for-work (FFW) programs in targeting the poor by emphasizing the role of F
Library ResourceJanuary, 2007Ethiopia, Sub-Saharan Africa
This paper analyses the livelihoods of the Borana pastoral communities of Southern Oromiya in Ethiopia. It aims to inform policy makers, donors, and development practitioners about the best strategies for protecting and promoting sustainable livelihoods in the region. The study is based on survey data from participatory research carried out in three communities, as well as stakeholder consultations at district and regional levels.
Library ResourceJanuary, 2004Tanzania, Kenya, Ethiopia, Uganda, Sub-Saharan Africa
This report focuses on the sustainability of pastoralism in the lowlands of the Great Rift of East Africa and the Horn, arguing that pastoralism as a mode of production and a way of life has entered a phase of decline, often accompanied by conflict, drought, famine and flooding.The report details the historic evolution and chief characteristics of pastoralism, discussing the eras of colonialism and independence, livestock development, land tenure and conflict, as well as local and regional politics.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2014Senegal, Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Algeria, Niger, Nigeria, Chad, Sudan, South Sudan, Eritrea, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Ethiopia, Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, Middle Africa, Eastern Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa
In Africa, where most agriculture is rainfed, crop growth is limited by water availability. Rainfall variability during a growing season generally translates into variability in crop production. While the seasonality of rainfall in the drier rangelands can play a significant role in productivity, rain-use efficiency (RUE)—the amount of biomass produced (in kilograms of dry matter per hectare) per millimeter of rainfall—also drives production.
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsDecember, 2014Ethiopia, Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsNovember, 2016Ethiopia, Africa, Eastern Africa
Pastoralist Areas Resilience Improvement
through Market Expansion (PRIME) showed a
notable decrease in emission intensity (GHG
emissions per unit of meat or milk). PRIME
enabled farmers to increase production
significantly, between 24% and 96%, which led
to a decrease in emission intensity ranging from
-4% to -42%.
? Due to improvements in feed quantity, PRIME
projected an increase in average animal weight
for all livestock (8.3 million head), which resulted
in an increase in GHG emissions by an
Library ResourceReports & ResearchOctober, 2015Ethiopia, Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, Eastern Africa
This document series compiles key indicators from the three levels of the baseline for each site. Indicators include: demography and basic site characteristics of each site, rainfall distribution, changes in farming practices and land management, income sources, food security and food
sources, asset ownership by households and involvement in organisations and more. This CCAFS baseline indicator document was developed for the CCAFS site at Borana/Yabero, in Ethiopia.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchMarch, 2015Ethiopia, Africa, Eastern Africa
Climate change is a major development challenge to Ethiopia. Climate change is expected to
adversely affect all economic sectors, eco-regions, and social groups. Agriculture is one of the
most vulnerable sectors as it is highly dependent on rainfall. This report synthesises four case
studies focusing on the impacts, vulnerabilities and local adaptation practices in Ethiopia‘s
agricultural sector, including policy and institutional responses. The case studies were carried
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