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Showing items 1 through 9 of 24.
  1. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    December, 2017
    Ethiopia, Africa, Eastern Africa

    The agriculture sector is the backbone of Ethiopia’s economy and livelihoods. Yet, heavy reliance on rain-fed systems has made the sector particularly vulnerable to variability in rainfall and temperature. Climate change may decrease national gross domestic product (GDP) by 8–10% by 2050, but adaptation action in agriculture could cut climate shock-related losses by half. • Climate risk management interventions and long-term adaptation actions need to match localized vulnerabilities and impacts.

  2. Library Resource
    January, 2008
    Ethiopia, Sub-Saharan Africa

    There is a common view and belief that women are the ones that do the farming in Africa while the men do not work much. This paper seeks to find explanations to why land productivity is lower on land rented out by female landlord households than on land rented out by male landlord households in the Ethiopian highlands. The authors find that female landlords have tenants who are older, own less oxen, are more related, and under longer-term contracts.

  3. Library Resource
    January, 2003
    Ethiopia, Sub-Saharan Africa

    This PhD thesis provides an econometric analysis of various aspects of the rural economy in Northern Ethiopia.The thesis consists of five papers:an in-depth analysis of poverty, its distribution, dynamics and its correlates within the framework of the role of economic reforms on poverty reduction in a remote, unstable and environmentally troubled regionlooks at the issue of the efficacy of a micro-finance program in reaching out to the poor and measures the impact of program participationexamines the efficacy of food-for-work (FFW) programs in targeting the poor by emphasizing the role of F

  4. Library Resource
    January, 2007
    Ethiopia, Sub-Saharan Africa

    This paper analyses the livelihoods of the Borana pastoral communities of Southern Oromiya in Ethiopia. It aims to inform policy makers, donors, and development practitioners about the best strategies for protecting and promoting sustainable livelihoods in the region. The study is based on survey data from participatory research carried out in three communities, as well as stakeholder consultations at district and regional levels.

  5. Library Resource
    January, 2004
    Tanzania, Kenya, Ethiopia, Uganda, Sub-Saharan Africa

    This report focuses on the sustainability of pastoralism in the lowlands of the Great Rift of East Africa and the Horn, arguing that pastoralism as a mode of production and a way of life has entered a phase of decline, often accompanied by conflict, drought, famine and flooding.The report details the historic evolution and chief characteristics of pastoralism, discussing the eras of colonialism and independence, livestock development, land tenure and conflict, as well as local and regional politics.

  6. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2014
    Senegal, Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Algeria, Niger, Nigeria, Chad, Sudan, South Sudan, Eritrea, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Ethiopia, Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, Middle Africa, Eastern Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa

    In Africa, where most agriculture is rainfed, crop growth is limited by water availability. Rainfall variability during a growing season generally translates into variability in crop production. While the seasonality of rainfall in the drier rangelands can play a significant role in productivity, rain-use efficiency (RUE)—the amount of biomass produced (in kilograms of dry matter per hectare) per millimeter of rainfall—also drives production.

  7. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    November, 2016
    Ethiopia, Africa, Eastern Africa

    Pastoralist Areas Resilience Improvement

    through Market Expansion (PRIME) showed a

    notable decrease in emission intensity (GHG

    emissions per unit of meat or milk). PRIME

    enabled farmers to increase production

    significantly, between 24% and 96%, which led

    to a decrease in emission intensity ranging from

    -4% to -42%.

    ? Due to improvements in feed quantity, PRIME

    projected an increase in average animal weight

    for all livestock (8.3 million head), which resulted

    in an increase in GHG emissions by an

  8. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    October, 2015
    Ethiopia, Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, Eastern Africa

    This document series compiles key indicators from the three levels of the baseline for each site. Indicators include: demography and basic site characteristics of each site, rainfall distribution, changes in farming practices and land management, income sources, food security and food

    sources, asset ownership by households and involvement in organisations and more. This CCAFS baseline indicator document was developed for the CCAFS site at Borana/Yabero, in Ethiopia.

  9. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    March, 2015
    Ethiopia, Africa, Eastern Africa

    Climate change is a major development challenge to Ethiopia. Climate change is expected to

    adversely affect all economic sectors, eco-regions, and social groups. Agriculture is one of the

    most vulnerable sectors as it is highly dependent on rainfall. This report synthesises four case

    studies focusing on the impacts, vulnerabilities and local adaptation practices in Ethiopia‘s

    agricultural sector, including policy and institutional responses. The case studies were carried

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