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Showing items 1 through 9 of 31.
  1. Library Resource
    June, 2012
    Vietnam

    In the wake of reforms to establish a free market in land-use rights, Vietnam is experiencing a pronounced rise in rural landlessness. To some observers this is a harmless by-product of a more efficient economy, while to others it signals the return of the pre-socialist class-structure, with the rural landless at the bottom of the economic ladder. The authors' theoretical model suggests that removing restrictions on land markets will increase landlessness among the poor, but that there will be both gainers and losers, with uncertain impacts on aggregate poverty.

  2. Library Resource
    March, 2013
    Sri Lanka

    This report analyzes land issues in Sri
    Lanka, which cannot be seen in isolation from the ethnic and
    political conflict and, at the same time, even though land
    conflict is often linked with the ethnic conflict in Sri
    Lanka, a large number of land conflicts in the North and
    East can be resolved prior to a full and national political
    solution to the ethnic situation. This report analyzes
    constraints and opportunities for an effective governance

  3. Library Resource
    March, 2012
    Uganda

    This is the second part of land studies
    on Northern Uganda designed to inform the Peace, Recovery
    and Development Plan (PRDP). This second part of the study,
    undertaken during the second half of 2007 in the Lango and
    Acholi regions, builds on the first phase conducted in 2006
    in the Teso region. This second study has been designed to
    present a more quantitative analysis of trends on disputes
    and claims on land before displacement, during displacement

  4. Library Resource
    March, 2012
    Africa, Rwanda

    Although increased global demand for
    land has led to renewed interest in African land tenure, few
    models to address these issues quickly and at the required
    scale have been identified or evaluated. The case of
    Rwanda's nation-wide and relatively low-cost land
    tenure regularization program is thus of great interest.
    This paper evaluates the short-term impact (some 2.5 years
    after completion) of the pilots undertaken to fine-tune the

  5. Library Resource
    June, 2012
    India

    In India, land continues to be of
    enormous economic, social, and symbolic relevance. The main
    purpose of this report is to review new empirical evidence
    on land administration and land policy, as well as the
    possible interaction between the two, to derive policy
    conclusions. The empirical basis for the discussion of land
    administration is provided by a review of land records,
    survey and settlement, and land registration in 14 states.

  6. Library Resource
    June, 2012
    Thailand

    In the 1980s the Thai government tried to legalize squatters by issuing special titles that restricted the sale and rental of the land. Using data from 2,874 farming households collected in 1997, the author finds that in places where these government titles where issued, leased plots are more likely to be titled than those that are self-cultivated. For these areas, he uses a model to estimate a 6 percent risk premium in the rental rate for untitled plots.

  7. Library Resource
    February, 2013
    Yemen

    The report, Land Tenure for Social and
    Economic Inclusion in Yemen: Issues and Opportunities was
    completed in December 2009. The report addresses the
    problems of land ownership in Yemen and the various social
    and economic problems associated with the system of land
    ownership. Property rights under Yemeni Law are expressed
    both in custom and statute, but both are informed by shari a
    (Islamic law), which provides the basic property categories

  8. Library Resource
    September, 2013
    India

    In India, land continues to be of
    enormous economic, social, and symbolic relevance. The way
    in which land can be accessed and its ownership documented
    is at the core of the livelihood of the large majority of
    the poor, especially in rural and tribal areas and
    determines the extent to which increasingly scarce natural
    resources are managed. Land policies and administration are
    critical determinants of the transaction cost associated

  9. Library Resource
    August, 2014
    Vietnam

    While liberalizing key factor markets is
    a crucial step in the transition from a socialist
    control-economy to a market economy, the process can be
    stalled by imperfect information, high transaction costs,
    and covert resistance from entrenched interests. The authors
    study land-market adjustment in the wake of Vietnam's
    reforms aiming to establish a free market in land-use rights
    following de-collectivization. Inefficiencies in the initial

  10. Library Resource
    June, 2014
    Philippines

    The goal of this report is to take stock
    of the existing evidence on the impact of the Comprehensive
    Agrarian Reform Program (CARP) on poverty, to examine the
    current challenges that an extension of CARP would face, and
    to suggest directions toward achieving progress on land
    reform given the financial and policy constraints faced by
    the program. The report starts by examining the nature and
    relevance of the challenges that an extension of the land

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