At the request of the Sri Lankan Government an assessment was designed and conducted as part of the development of the country’s national strategy on REDD+. The assessment involved applying criteria from the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries, and Forests (VGGT) to analyze the tenure implications for a wide array of proposed policies and measures (PAMs) to address deforestation and forest degradation. The assessment will help Sri Lanka to prioritize and make investment decisions among the PAMs.
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Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsApril, 2016Sri Lanka
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsJuly, 2016Egypt, Northern Africa
The overall aim of the project is to identify physical and institutional interventions to improve water management using an integrated approach across scales (from farm to main canal levels) and encompassing water quantity–quality interactions. The project’s geographical focus is the Nile Delta in Egypt.
The project was originally planned for four years. Due to a policy change announced by the Australian Government in reducing the aid investment in the Middle East and North Africa, including Egypt, the duration of the project was reduced to three years.
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsMay, 2006Syrian Arab Republic, Western Asia
In the Mediterranean mountain areas of NW Syria, land degradation is a serious problem (Masri et al, 2005). Olive orchards dominate the landscape in Afrin area, and olive oil represents the most important cash income source for rural communities in this area. However, olive yields in many orchards have been decreasing steadily over the last 20 years. Low return to labour has resulted in livelihood insecurity, increased reliance on off-farm labour, and out-migration.
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsMarch, 2015Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Central Asia
Agro-ecosystems in dry areas are sensitive to changes in climate
and land use. The productivities of these agro-ecosystems are
highly variable in both spatial and temporal scales. Accurate and
up-to-date information on these production systems at farmscape to
landscape scales are important for understanding the food security
and sustainability of socio-ecological systems. Due to lack of such
information, satellite remote sensing has been used to quantify the
land productivity and degradation dynamics of agro-ecosystems
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsJuly, 2016Pakistan, Southern Asia
Nomadic pastoralism is a precarious lifestyle and a significant form of land use involving some form of mobility within extensive rangeland areas (WISP, 2007). Pastoralism provides 10% of the world’s meat production and supports approximately 200 million households worldwide (FAO, 2001). A declining trend in pastoralism with a shift to sedentary agro-pastoral practices on smaller tracks of land and its major implications on rangeland management have been noted by the authors across many regions.
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsJuly, 2016Uzbekistan, Central Asia
Agricultural production systems are a vital lifeline of the rural farming community in Central Asia. However, shrinking natural resource base, increased land degradation and severe irrigation water scarcity render current crop production practices not sustainable as these perform below their potential. Though there is considerable scope for improving productivity through bridging the yield gaps and introducing sustainable land management practices. However crop productivity and production pattern varies across scales, mostly driven by irrigation water availability, markets, and
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsMarch, 2015Jordan, Western Asia
The University of Tennessee’s Dept. of Geography in collaboration with ICARDA, ILRI, USDA-ARS, and Cornell University’s Dept. of Natural Resources collected TLS data in the cold desert shrub-steppe ecosystem of the East Bank Plateau of Amman, Jordan and in mixed Acacia-Commiphora woodlands of Borana Plateau in southern Ethiopia. ICARDA and ILRI maintain these research sites and conduct field studies in Jordan and Ethiopia, respectively. The study plots are the size of a Landsat pixel (30-m X 30-m) to link local scale TLS to regional scale satellite imagery.
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsDecember, 2015Angola, Burundi, Benin, Burkina Faso, Botswana, Central African Republic, Ivory Coast, Cameroon, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Liberia, Lesotho, Morocco, Madagascar, Mali, Mozambique, Mauritania, Malawi, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sudan, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Sudan, Eswatini, Chad, Togo, Tunisia, Tanzania, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Western Africa, Eastern Africa, Northern Africa, Middle Africa, Southern Africa
Land degradation and desertification are among the biggest environmental challenges of our time. In the last 40 years, we lost nearly a third of the world’s arable farmland due to erosion, just as the number of people to be fed from it almost doubled. That’s why the UN General Assembly declared 2015 as the International Year of Soils. And the good news is that this new report shows that while Africa remains the most severely a«ected region, the benefit of taking action across the continent outweighs the cost of implementing it: not just by a little, but by a factor of seven.
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsDecember, 2015Global
As the world’s population continues to rise, there is
an ever increasing demand for our land to produce
a diverse range of products such as food, timber,
and fuel. Our growing need for these goods is
leading to higher levels of competition between
different land uses and, as a result, land users. Not
only is the quantity of land available for production
under current technical and economic conditions
limited, but there is also growing evidence that the
quality of our land is degrading (Safriel, U. N. 2007;
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsDecember, 2015Jordan, Western Asia
Jordanian rangelands are a source of valued
livestock produce, carbon storage, biodiversity, and
medicinal plants. They also serve as watersheds
that receive rainfall, yield surface water, and
replenish groundwater throughout the area
east and south of the western Jordan highlands.
Appropriate land management, which is currently
lacking, can protect and maximize these services
for society. With the acceleration of desertification,
land degradation and drought during the twentyfirst
century in the arid and semi-arid regions of
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