The recent spate of violence mostly in north-central and southern Nigeria, typically credited to conflicts between herders and farmers, and the reactions, narratives, and representations that have attended them, calls for an examination of core security questions: who or what is to be secured, from what threat and by what means. In fact, it could be further contextualized as: how is the conflict between farmers and herders constructed, framed, and represented as (in)security within the Nigerian context?
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Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksFebruary, 0200Nigeria
Library ResourceReports & ResearchOctober, 2016Burkina Faso, Ghana, Ivory Coast
This chapter is a case study that tests hypotheses in order to determine if political factors can reduce violence in cases of climate-change-induced or -aggravated agro-pastoral conflicts over natural resources. Three West African countries were selected because of their common socio-economic and environmental characteristics and because they host comparable farmer–herder conflicts: Burkina Faso, Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana. The level of farmer–herder conflicts is estimated to have risen between 1960 and 2000 in the three countries.
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationMarch, 2020Africa
Maize has become the second most produced crop in the world. Specifically, in sub-Saharan Africa, global statistics show that more and more land is being used for (small-scale) maize production to meet future food demands. From 2007 to 2017, the area on which maize is grown in sub-Saharan Africa has increased by almost 60%. This rate of expansion is considered unsustainable and is expected to come at the expense of crop diversity and the environment.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchMarch, 2020Malawi, Mozambique, Western Africa, Ghana, Sierra Leone
This paper is one of three thematic case studies resulting from a set of pilot projects undertaken jointly by civil society and private business partners from 2016–2019 in five countries in sub-Saharan Africa. These pilots sought to test how private companies could collaborate with civil society organisations and other stakeholders to implement responsible agribusiness investments that recognise and respect community land rights, and to develop innovative tools and approaches that could be adopted and implemented at greater scale.
Library ResourceInstitutional & promotional materialsMarch, 2014Iran, Jordan, Morocco, Tunisia, Yemen, Northern Africa, Southern Asia, Western Asia
This document is a synthesis of outcomes from a knowledge process that was a collaborative effort involving researchers, scientists, and technicians from Iran, Jordan, Morocco, Tunisia, and Yemen.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksMay, 2019Northern Africa, Tunisia
Tunisia, like many other countries, suffers from land degradation. Conservation agriculture is among the proper solutions to overcome this issue. The objective of our investigation is to determine the factors that influence the adoption of CA in Siliana, one of Tunisia’s most affected regions by erosion. A field survey was conducted to collect adoption data used for descriptive analysis, and for the estimation of a choice model (Logit).
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsNovember, 2014Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia, Eastern Africa
The Chinyanja Triangle (CT) is an area inside the Zambezi
River Basin, inhabited by Chinyanja-speaking people
sharing a similar history, language and culture across
the dryland systems of the eastern province of Zambia,
southern and central regions of Malawi and Tete Province
of Mozambique. Chiefs and Chiefdoms play a critical role
in decision making and influencing social relationships. The
Zambezi River, which originates in the Kalene Hills in Zambia
is joined by ten big tributaries from six countries, and is
Library ResourceInstitutional & promotional materialsDecember, 2018Eastern Africa, Malawi
Double up legumes is intercropping two legumes (in this case groundnut and pigeonpea) that have different growth habits and takes advantages of beneficial interactions of the two legumes on the same piece of land. Intercropping groundnut and pigeonpea using the correct spatial arrangement increase land productivity, provides more types of food and profits while conserving and sustaining the environment through enhancement of soil fertility.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchJuly, 2018Northern Africa, Egypt, Morocco, Sudan, Tunisia, Eastern Africa, Ethiopia, Southern Asia, Afghanistan, India, Iran, Western Asia, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine, Syrian Arab Republic
Widespread heat waves, floods, and droughts last year were a strong reminder of the threats posed by climate change. In the non-tropical dry areas where ICARDA works we are becoming accustomed to record high temperatures and increasing water scarcity year on year. Resilience and climate change adaptation are at the heart of ICARDA’s new Strategic Plan 2017-2026 – a bold and ambitious effort to harness cutting-edge science and deliver the tools and technologies that smallholder farmers need to maintain agricultural production and protect their livelihoods.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchAugust, 2012United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, Algeria, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syrian Arab Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Eastern Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Asia, Central Asia, Western Asia
This issue of Caravan describes the new program, and some of the research innovations it will build on. The issue begins with two ‘opinion pieces’ by scientists from partner organizations in the CRP. They share lessons learnt from past successes (and failures), and ideas that could be applied to dryland
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