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Showing items 1 through 9 of 14.
  1. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    December, 2004
    Costa Rica

    We summarize existing theoretical claims linking poverty to rates of deforestation and then examine this linkage empirically for Costa Rica during the 20th century using an econometric approach that addresses the irreversibilities in deforestation. Our data facilitate an empirical analysis of the implications for deforestation of where the poor live. Without controlling for this, impacts of poverty per se are confounded by richer areas being different from the areas inhabited by the poor, who we expect to find on more marginal lands, for instance less profitable lands.

  2. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    December, 2004
    Costa Rica

    We review claims about the potential for carbon markets that link both payments for carbon services and poverty levels to ongoing rates of tropical deforestation. We then examine these effects empirically for Costa Rica during the 20th century using an econometric approach that addresses the irreversibilities in deforestation. We find significant effects of the relative returns to forest on deforestation rates. Thus, carbon payments would induce conservation and also carbon sequestration, and if land users were poor could conserve forest while addressing rural poverty.

  3. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2004

    Researches made in the most important part of protection plantations reforested on land degradation showed that the basic species is Pinus nigra and/ or Pinus silvestris replacing some stands with Hippophae associations. This stands have a fragile structure, not so good for protection functions. Sheltered regeneration and reforestation with local valuable species represents an efficient method for increasing the stability of stands in the reforestation of land degradation. In this way the degradation process was stopped and the vegetation was reinstalled.

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