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Showing items 1 through 9 of 27.
  1. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2008

    As carbon becomes a valuable commodity traded in markets for greenhouse-gas emissions, there will be incentives to adopt land uses that capture carbon payments as well as produce other marketable outputs, including biofuels. These production systems may be more sustainable than many of those in current use, but there is also the risk that the growing demand for biofuels will cause land degradation, deforestation and food scarcity.

  2. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    December, 2008
    Slovenia, Serbia

    Two adult oak tree groups in northern Serbia, differing in degree of decline, were studied. Measurements of pre-dawn water potential (PWP), nutrient status and radial growth were performed and compared with similar sites in Slovenia. In spite of favourable water conditions and sufficiently high groundwater table, values of PWP between groups were statistically significant, with lower values in the degraded group. Growth and nutrient analysis confirmed differences between the groups, while values of PWP did not indicate water stress.

  3. Library Resource
    National Policies
    January, 2008

    Liberia’s Poverty Reduction Strategy (PRS) is built on the foundation of the Government’s 150-Day Action Plan. The PRS is part of a longer-term continuum of the Government’s strategy for rapid, inclusive and sustainable growth and poverty reduction, including progress toward achieving the Millennium Development Goals. The PRS covers the three-year period from April 2008 to June 2011.

  4. Library Resource
    January, 2008
    Eastern Asia, Oceania

    This report provides an overview of the issues, root causes, and driving forces behind the crimes related to illegal logging. The report includes a comprehensive review of existing initiatives to address the challenges of illegal logging in Southeast Asia. The results are derived mainly from a literature review of various publications, websites, and project documents, but also from personal communication through interviews with people working on the issues of illegal logging in the region.

  5. Library Resource
    January, 2008
    Sub-Saharan Africa

    Sahelian rural populations’ needs are sourced from on-farm indigenous tree species. However, access, use and management of indigenous tree species within their territories are restricted by forestry laws. This has built suspicion and discontent between foresters and natural resource users. Natural resource users argue that they own the trees on their farms; in contrast, the state claims to own protected indigenous trees on farms as stipulated in the forestry laws. These mismatches have served to increase deforestation despite stringent penalties and use of permits and licenses.

  6. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2008
    Bolivia, Brazil, Guatemala, Nicaragua

    This study adopts an institutional approach to analyze the way in which informal rules, in their interaction with formal rules, shape the use of forest resources by diverse types of smallholders and communities (i.e., indigenous people, agro-extractive and traditional communities) in Latin America. Attention is given to understanding the ‘working rules’, comprising both formal and informal rules, that individuals use in making their decisions for land and forest resources access and use, which in turn affect benefits generation and distribution from such resources use.

  7. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2008

    These proceedings present results from research done for a decade in the CIFOR project Site Management and Productivity in Tropical Plantations. They include papers presented at a workshop in Brazil in November 2004 and then updated at a workshop in November 2006 at Bogor, Indonesia. These papers complement the proceedings in the series published by CIFOR in 2004, 2000, and 1999. Currently the research network includes 16 sites in 8 countries representing a range of biophysical environments, species, productivity potentials and management strategies.

  8. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2008

    In the past decade, understanding of the importance and role of monitoring in tropical forest management has changed significantly. Monitoring is no longer the exclusive purview of forest managers and scientists. Now local people are working with professionals to develop and implement programs together. This collaboration changes the dynamic of forest management, with monitoring assuming a central role by encouraging local people to ask questions about their forest and their forest-based livelihoods, think about change in a systematic way and respond with reasoned decision-making.

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