Les questions d’accès à la terre, reconnues depuis longtemps dans les espaces internationaux et institutionnels, sont encore plus urgentes dans le contexte actuel : tant en raison de la pandémie de COVID-19 qu’avec la publication de la stratégie « de la ferme à la table » de la Commission européenne, qui ont mis en lumière l’importance des systèmes alimentaires locaux qui ne peuvent être maintenus et étendus que s’ils ont accès à des terres agricoles.
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Library ResourceManuals & GuidelinesApril, 2020Global
Library ResourceReports & ResearchApril, 2020Global
Constituyendo únicamente el 5% de la población del mundo, los Pue- blos Indígenas protegen el 80% de la biodiversidad del planeta.1 Glo- balmente, muchos de los bosques que aún alberga nuestro hogar
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationNovember, 2019Indonesia
One of the main components of Indonesia's Just Economy policy is extensive and rapid land reform, which targets about 12% of the country's land area for redistribution to farmers and communities by 2019. Much of the reform is occurring on forest land. At the same time, the country has pledged a significant reduction of its greenhouse gas emissions by 2030, two thirds of which is to be achieved from forests. Hence agrarian reform potentially conflicts with emission reduction commitments.
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationNovember, 2017Indonesia
We examine the emergence of land markets and their effects on forest land appropriation by farm households in Jambi Province, Sumatra, using micro-level data covering land use and land transactions for a period of more than 20 years (1992–2015). Based on a theoretical model of land acquisition by a heterogeneous farming population, different hypotheses are developed and empirically tested. Farm households involved in forest land appropriation differ from those involved in land market purchases in terms of migration status and other socioeconomic characteristics.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksMarch, 2017Ghana, Sierra Leone
Since the end of the Cold War, natural resources have assumed an increasingly prominent role in security, conflict, and peace studies. Scholars and development practitioners alike view the development of strong institutions, which aim to domesticate global regulatory regimes that foster neoliberal principles like privatization, transparency, and accountability, as necessary to mitigate natural resource conflict in resource-rich states, as well as enhance opportunities for peace and social justice.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksAugust, 2019Liberia, Sierra Leone
This book argues that a set of persuasive narratives about the links between natural resource, armed conflict and peacebuilding have strongly influenced the natural resource interventions pursued by international peacebuilders. The author shows how international peacebuilders active in Liberia and Sierra Leone pursued a collective strategy to transform “conflict resources” into “peace resources” vis-à-vis a policy agenda that promoted “securitization” and “marketization” of natural resources.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2018Nigeria
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksFebruary, 0200Nigeria
The recent spate of violence mostly in north-central and southern Nigeria, typically credited to conflicts between herders and farmers, and the reactions, narratives, and representations that have attended them, calls for an examination of core security questions: who or what is to be secured, from what threat and by what means. In fact, it could be further contextualized as: how is the conflict between farmers and herders constructed, framed, and represented as (in)security within the Nigerian context?
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksJanuary, 2015Ethiopia
This paper examines the role of customary pastoral institutions in managing conflicts. It indicates thatintra‐ethnic conflicts can be managed customarily because of shared norms attributed to the social proximity and cultural homogeneity, whereas managing inter‐ethnic conflicts goes beyond the capacity of elders' council exercising customary law. The introduction of ethnic‐based federalism and historical political relations between different ethnic groups has weakened customary institutions in managing inter‐ethnic conflict.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchOctober, 2016Burkina Faso, Ghana, Ivory Coast
This chapter is a case study that tests hypotheses in order to determine if political factors can reduce violence in cases of climate-change-induced or -aggravated agro-pastoral conflicts over natural resources. Three West African countries were selected because of their common socio-economic and environmental characteristics and because they host comparable farmer–herder conflicts: Burkina Faso, Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana. The level of farmer–herder conflicts is estimated to have risen between 1960 and 2000 in the three countries.
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