Women's employment in transition countries, notably Central and Eastern Europe has become increasingly informal and flexible. The first growing trend is that women are more involved in cross-border trade, known as 'suitcase' trade, often keeping women away from home for days or months. They buy mainly consumer and household goods usually unavailable in their home countries, to sell to street vendors on their return home. The second growing trend is women's involvement in sub-contracting, particularly work such as hand sewing for the textile and shoe industries.
Search resultsShowing items 1 through 9 of 32.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchOctober, 2002Slovenia, Liechtenstein, Slovakia, Hungary, Croatia, Poland, Germany, Australia, Czech Republic, Switzerland, Eastern Europe
Library ResourceReports & ResearchJanuary, 2005China, Oceania
Previously in China, all land was controlled by the communes. Over the past twenty years, with the break up of the communes, new land tenure arrangements have given greater control over land to individual households. This essay argues that recent transfers in land tenure between households have caused women to lose rights and decision making power over land, as well as possibilities to benefit from land. Men's migration to cities has caused a 'feminisation' of agriculture which fuels a market for tenure transfer.
Library ResourceJanuary, 2008Indonesia, Nepal, Cambodia, Vietnam, Thailand, Malaysia, China, Oceania, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia
This book examines the gender dimensions of natural resource exploitation and management, with a focus on Asia. It explores the uneasy negotiations between theory, policy, and practice that are often evident within the realm of gender, environment, and natural resource management. It offers a critical feminist perspective on gender relations and natural resource management in the context of contemporary policy concerns: decentralized governance, the elimination of poverty, and the mainstreaming of gender.The book is centred around three themes:
Library ResourceJanuary, 2008Eastern Asia, Sub-Saharan Africa, Oceania, Southern Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean
Countries throughout the world are rapidly urbanising, particularly in the developing world, and for the first time in human history, the majority of people today are no longer living in rural areas, but rather in cities. This report examines the worldwide phenomenon of urbanisation from the point of view of women’s housing rights.
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsFebruary, 1999Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Eastern Asia, Oceania
James D. Wolfensohn, President of the World Bank Group, discussed what the Bank learned in coming to look at the issues of poverty and development. Development requires proper economic policies, but also the essential element of the social aspects and human aspects of society. The Bank’s focus is to think first in terms of poverty—fighting poverty with passion was adopted recently as the first line of our mission statement. Wolfensohn discussed an agenda for action on the issues of inclusion, corruption, transparency, education, knowledge, and private sector environment.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchPolicy Papers & BriefsMarch, 2016Indonesia, Eastern Asia, Oceania
In 2015, Indonesia stands as an increasingly divided country, unequal in many ways. There is a growing income divide between the richest 10 percent and the rest of the population, and this gap is driven by many other types of inequality in Indonesia.People are divided into haves and have-nots from before birth. Some children are born healthy and grow up well in their early years; many do not. Some children go to school and receive a quality education; many do not. In today’s modern and dynamic economy; most do not and are trapped in low-productivity and low-wage jobs.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchTraining Resources & ToolsMay, 2016China, Eastern Asia, Oceania
The reform of China's collectively owned forest land, began in 2008, is arguably the largest land-reform undertaking in modern times in terms of area and people affected. Under the reform, forest lands have been contracted to rural households, allowing them more independence in exercising their rights and interests in the forest lands, giving them more opportunities to improve family incomes, and creating incentives for them to cultivate, conserve, and manage forests. These lands are home to some 610 million people, many of them poor.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2015Australia
Native fauna in Australia’s arid zone has declined significantly since European settlement; however, Martu country in the Western Desert of Western Australia retains a diversity of iconic and threatened species that were once more widespread. An innovative partnership between The Nature Conservancy, BHP Billiton and the Martu people (represented by Kanyirninpa Jukurrpa – KJ) is achieving positive social, cultural, economic and environmental outcomes, which builds on funding from the Australian Government for land management on Martu country.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2010Australia
This paper examines gender differences in awareness, preparedness and attitudes towards bushfire amongst landholders in rural landscapes affected by amenity-led in-migration in southeast Australia. It considers the potential of conceptualising bushfire not as a gender-neutral natural phenomenon but as an important means by which traditional gender roles and power relations within rural landscapes are maintained. Landholders were found to uphold conventional views of bushfire management as “men’s business” despite changing social circumstances.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2012Bangladesh, Honduras, Gambia, El Salvador, Chile, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Vietnam, Ghana, Costa Rica, Niger, Thailand, Palau, Nepal, Pakistan, Yemen, Nicaragua, Malaysia, Laos, Mexico, Tanzania, Botswana, India, Uganda, Ivory Coast, Africa, Americas, Asia, Oceania
Este Manual es un recurso particularmente oportuno. Combina relatos descriptivos de las experiencias nacionales e internacionales en las inversiones agrícolas con directrices operativas prácticas sobre cómo diseñar estrategias agrícolas para el desarrollo, que capitalicen de manera efectiva las propiedades únicas del crecimiento agrario y el desarrollo rural con la participación de hombres y mujeres como un recurso de alto impacto para la reducción de la pobreza.
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