Previously in China, all land was controlled by the communes. Over the past twenty years, with the break up of the communes, new land tenure arrangements have given greater control over land to individual households. This essay argues that recent transfers in land tenure between households have caused women to lose rights and decision making power over land, as well as possibilities to benefit from land. Men's migration to cities has caused a 'feminisation' of agriculture which fuels a market for tenure transfer.
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Library ResourceReports & ResearchJanuary, 2005China, Oceania
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsFebruary, 1999Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Eastern Asia, Oceania
James D. Wolfensohn, President of the World Bank Group, discussed what the Bank learned in coming to look at the issues of poverty and development. Development requires proper economic policies, but also the essential element of the social aspects and human aspects of society. The Bank’s focus is to think first in terms of poverty—fighting poverty with passion was adopted recently as the first line of our mission statement. Wolfensohn discussed an agenda for action on the issues of inclusion, corruption, transparency, education, knowledge, and private sector environment.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchPolicy Papers & BriefsMarch, 2016Indonesia, Eastern Asia, Oceania
In 2015, Indonesia stands as an increasingly divided country, unequal in many ways. There is a growing income divide between the richest 10 percent and the rest of the population, and this gap is driven by many other types of inequality in Indonesia.People are divided into haves and have-nots from before birth. Some children are born healthy and grow up well in their early years; many do not. Some children go to school and receive a quality education; many do not. In today’s modern and dynamic economy; most do not and are trapped in low-productivity and low-wage jobs.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchTraining Resources & ToolsMay, 2016China, Eastern Asia, Oceania
The reform of China's collectively owned forest land, began in 2008, is arguably the largest land-reform undertaking in modern times in terms of area and people affected. Under the reform, forest lands have been contracted to rural households, allowing them more independence in exercising their rights and interests in the forest lands, giving them more opportunities to improve family incomes, and creating incentives for them to cultivate, conserve, and manage forests. These lands are home to some 610 million people, many of them poor.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2015Australia
Native fauna in Australia’s arid zone has declined significantly since European settlement; however, Martu country in the Western Desert of Western Australia retains a diversity of iconic and threatened species that were once more widespread. An innovative partnership between The Nature Conservancy, BHP Billiton and the Martu people (represented by Kanyirninpa Jukurrpa – KJ) is achieving positive social, cultural, economic and environmental outcomes, which builds on funding from the Australian Government for land management on Martu country.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2009Mozambique, Zambia, Mali, Zimbabwe, Namibia, Australia, Eswatini, Congo, Malawi, Rwanda, South Africa, Uganda, Italy, Tanzania, Senegal, Kenya, Africa
A incerteza dos direitos das mulheres e das crianças à propriedade e heranÃça em muitos países na ÃÂfrica sub sahariana não são um assunto novo. Os sistemas de apoio à família alargada que costumavam funcionar como redes de segurança social para as viúvas e crianças órfãs enfraqueceram como consequência de mudanças na sociedade, tais como desenvolvimento económico, a migração e a urbanização. Esta situação foi claramente exacerbada pela epidemia do SIDA.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 1999Australia, Madagascar, Oceania
En conclusion, des informations actuelles, fiables et transparentes sur le secteur forestier sont un ingrdient vital du processus d'amnagement durable. Toutes les organisations et institutions engages dans la gestion durable des forts devraient exploiter les moyens offerts par Internet pour coordonner et relier les serveurs et optimiser ainsi la valeur des informations disponibles. Comme promis dans la prcdente dition, ce numro d'Unasylva contient de nouveaux articles sur le dveloppement durable des montagnes, qui viennent ainsi complter le tour d'horizon de la question.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 1999Australia, Madagascar, Italy, Oceania
This issue of Unasylva contains, as promised in the previous edition, additional articles on sustainable mountain development. These articles help to complete the focus on the topic and should also help to promote interest in the recently declared International Year of the Mountain (2000) for which FAO has been designated lead agency status within the United Nations system.
Library ResourceLegislation & PoliciesAugust, 1963Papua New Guinea
Library ResourceLegislation & PoliciesAugust, 2004New Zealand
Civil Union Act