Ranching generally causes a progressive deforestation. Nevertheless in Mediterranean countries trees are still present in many pastoral systems, here referred to as silvopastoral systems (SPs). Trees provide products as fruits as human food, fruits or leaves as fodder, wood and firewood, environmental services like patches of soil fertility and shelter for animals, and environmental goods such as carbon sequestration, water yield and quality and reinforced biodiversity.
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Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2012
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2012Greece
The encroachment of woody species in natural grasslands has recently increased, especially in arid and semi-arid environments. In the Mediterranean region, this is mainly attributed to the dramatic decrease of the traditional human activities such as pastoral management and fuelwood collection, which controlled the encroachment of woody species. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of Juniperus oxycedrus encroachment on herbage production and floristic diversity in a natural grassland.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2012Spain
Mediterranean agro-forestry systems are undergoing rapid change due to abandonment. This turns formerly cultivated or grazed oak-tree parklands (i.e., savanna-type formations called âdehesasâ) into flammable formations of scattered trees within a matrix of shrubs with open spaces. Wildfires can now occur, threatening the persistence of these formations. Fire-prone shrublands commonly regenerate after fire from seeds stored in the soil.
Library ResourceJune, 2012India, Global
The Department of Animal Husbandry,
Dairying and Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture of
Government of India, approached the World Bank to conduct a
Study on Indian marine fisheries. Accordingly, a team from
the World Bank was undertook the study with special emphasis
on marine fisheries in four coastal States viz. Andhra
Pradesh, Orissa, Karnataka, and Gujarat. A National Study
Report titled 'Indian marine fisheries sector