This note provides country of origin information (COI) and policy guidance to Home Office decision makers on handling particular types of protection and human rights claims. This includes whether claims are likely to justify the granting of asylum, humanitarian protection or discretionary leave and whether – in the event of a claim being refused – it is likely to be certifiable as ‘clearly unfounded’ under s94 of the Nationality, Immigration and Asylum Act 2002.
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Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsJanuary, 2017Pakistan
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsDecember, 2017Sierra Leone
This paper was written as part of the research initiative entitled Engaging the Business Community as a New Peacebuilding Actor. It is a joint project of the Africa Centre for Dispute Settlement (ACDS), CDA Collaborative Learning Projects (CDA), and the Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO), funded by the Carnegie Corporation of New York and the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsSeptember, 2017Burundi
For most Burundians, land is both history and livelihood. In a densely populated country where almost nine out of 10 citizens are subsistence farmers, land ownership is a desperate need and a flashpoint for conflict exacerbated by ethnic cleavages and waves of migration and return.
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsJanuary, 2018South America, Peru
Desde 2016, luego de una década de pocos avances en la titulación de comunidades nativas (CCNN), varios proyectos de la cooperación internacional vienen brindando apoyo para el cumplimiento del compromiso del Estado peruano con los pueblos indígenas de la Amazonía. Estos proyectos de cooperación financiera y técnica colaboran con el Ministerio de Agricultura y Riego (MINAGRI), como ente rector, y con las Direcciones Regionales Agrarias (DRA), como entidades ejecutoras.
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsJune, 2017Bolivia
La Paz, Bolivia
1 de julio de 2017
Apuntes sobre el acceso a la tierra y territorio en Sudamérica
Ruth Bautista Durán
Oscar Bazoberry Chali
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsJanuary, 2018Kenya
According to the United Nations Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement (1996), “Internally displaced persons (IDPs) are persons or a group of persons who have been forced or obliged to flee or to leave their homes of habitual residence, in particular as a result of or in order to avoid effects of armed conflict, situation of generalised violence, violations of human rights or natural or human-made disasters, and who have not crossed an internationally recognised State border”. There are more IDPs in the world than refugees.
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsMay, 2017Tanzania
Land-use conflict is not a new phenomenon for pastoralists and farmers in Tanzania with murders, the killing of livestock and the loss of property as a consequence of this conflict featuring in the news for many years now. Various actors, including civil society organisations, have tried to address farmer–pastoralist conflict through mass education programmes, land-use planning, policy reforms and the development of community institutions. However, these efforts have not succeeded in the conflict. Elsewhere in sub-Saharan Africa traditional systems are not making much headway either.
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsDecember, 2017
For the past decade, GIZ has supported participatory land use planning, land registration and land titling as a vehicle for sustainable rural development in Lao PDR. Following a number of predecessor programmes, the current Land Program (including Land Management and Decentralized Planning (LMDP) and Enhanced Land Tenure Security (ELTeS) projects) is active in the provinces of Luang Namtha, Sayabouri, Huaphan and Khammouane. This impact study focussed on some of the intermediary and longer-term changes that GIZ’s work in the land sector has been aiming to bring about in Laos.
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsOctober, 2017Global, Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean, Asia
Legally recognized and secure land and resource rights are fundamental to the advancement of global peace, prosperity, and sustainability. From the development of human cultures to the realization of democracy itself, tenure security underpins the very fabric of human society and our relationship to the natural environment. Today, insecure tenure rights threaten the livelihoods and wellbeing of a third of the world’s population, and with it, the very future of our planet.
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsJanuary, 2017Uganda
The ways in which people obtain land in Uganda are changing fast. Land that used to be secured through inheritance, gifts or proof of long-term occupancy is now more commonly changing hands in the market. Those with wealth and powerful connections are frequently able to override local rules and gain access to land at the expense of poorer individuals. Government-backed agribusiness investors receive large areas of land with benefits for some local farmers who are able to participate in the schemes, while other smallholders see their land access and livelihoods degraded.
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