This assessment examines constraints within the land dispute resolution systems in Tigray;Amhara;Oromia and Southern Nations;Nationalities;and Peoples Region and provides a set of proposed interventions to improve the functioning of the formal land dispute resolution system..This resource was published in the frame of the Land Investment for Transformation (LIFT) Programme. For more information;please check: https://landportal.org/community/projects/land-investment-transformation...
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Library ResourceReports & ResearchSeptember, 2019Ethiopia
Library ResourcePeer-reviewed publicationConference Papers & ReportsMay, 2020Africa, Europe
In many countries around the world, the land administration system deals only with formal land rights, often subject to legislation passed during the colonial period. Formal or statutory tenure is where a landholder’s rights are specified in the law. This enables the owner(s) or rightholder(s) to rely on the law to defend his or her rights. But the poor often hold their land through customary or informal tenure systems which are often not recognized in law or in practice and therefore they lack the tenure security provided by the law.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchJanuary, 2010Mali
Does climate change drive conflict over land use in Mali?
This study investigates the alleged relationship between climate change and conflicts, using the Inland Delta of the Niger River in Mali as a case study, where this region is an African hotspot area in terms of land use conflicts.
The author emphasises that, despite the clear climate developments in the region throughout the last century, researchers are much less sure about future changes. Moreover, the paper finds that:
Library ResourceReports & ResearchAugust, 2018Burkina Faso, Guinea, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria
Why this study?
Recent years have witnessed an increase in violent conflicts involving pastoralists in parts of West Africa and the Sahel. They often take the form of clashes between herders and farmers, impacting human, national and regional security.
Given its mandate and role in conflict prevention, the United Nations Office for West Africa and the Sahel, in collaboration with the Economic Community of West African States, initiated this study in 2017 to examine the causes and identify concrete solutions to conflicts related to pastoralism.
Library ResourceConference Papers & ReportsDecember, 2019Africa
The Proceedings of the 2019 Conference on Land Policy in Africa have been prepared by the African Land Policy Centre (ALPC) and capture the highlights of the Conference.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchApril, 2021Mauritania, Senegal
A local famer-herder conflict over grazing rights in the Mauritanian-Senegal border region has triggered a spiral of violence between Senegalese and Mauritanians in the southern Senegal River bank and different Mauritanian cities. This escalation has to be understood against the background of persistent racism and discrimination of the ‘black’ population of Mauritania.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchMay, 2020Nigeria
Nigeria’s arid North West is beset by violence between herders and farmers, which has been compounded by an explosion in criminal activity and infiltration by jihadist groups into the region. The last decade has seen thousands of people killed and hundreds of thousands displaced, with many fleeing into Niger Republic next door. State-level peace efforts with several armed factions have had some success, but these will not prove durable unless more actors lay down their weapons.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchJanuary, 2019Liberia
Library ResourceReports & ResearchNovember, 2014Ethiopia
Recently dubbed “Africa’s Lion” (in allusion to the discourse around “Asian Tigers”), Ethiopia is celebrated for its steady economic growth, including a growing number of millionaires compared to other African nations. However, as documented in previous research by the Oakland Institute, the Ethiopian government’s “development strategy,” is founded on its policy of leasing millions of hectares (ha) of land to foreign investors.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchFebruary, 2018Ghana
Farmer-Herder conflicts have grown in frequency across the Sahel region of West and Central Africa, including in Ghana, where they have evolved over time in phases. This article explores the drivers of farmer-herder conflict and the challenges it poses to sustainable peacebuilding in Ghana, using Agogo Traditional Area (ATA) in the Ashanti region of Ghana as a case study.
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