Millones de personas de todo el mundo dependen de recursos naturales, como la tierra, la pesca y los bosques, que se utilizan de manera colectiva como propiedades comunales. Estas son fundamentales para la cultura, el bienestar y la identidad cultural. Como fuente de alimentos e ingresos, constituyen una importante red de seguridad, en particular para las personas más vulnerables y marginadas.
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Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2016Kenya, Tanzania, Burkina Faso, Benin, Nepal, South Africa, Nicaragua, Vietnam, Mozambique, Thailand, Madagascar, China, Myanmar, Indonesia, Ecuador, Bolivia, Ghana, Senegal, Cameroon, Norway, Cambodia
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2016Kenya, Mozambique, Burkina Faso, Philippines, South Africa, Nicaragua, Vietnam, Thailand, Madagascar, China, Myanmar, Indonesia, Norway, Ghana, Iran, India, Sierra Leone, Uruguay, Brazil, Cambodia
À travers le monde, des millions de personnes dépendent des ressources naturelles telles que les terres, les pêches et les forêts, qui sont utilisées collectivement comme des biens communs. Les biens communs sont essentiels à la culture, à l’identité et au bien-être. Source de nourriture et de revenus, ils agissent comme un important filet de sécurité, surtout pour les populations les plus marginalisées et les plus vulnérables.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksApril, 2018Mozambique, Philippines, South Africa, Singapore, Malaysia, Japan, Thailand, Cambodia, China, Zimbabwe, Indonesia, Ghana, India, Republic of Korea, Colombia, Brazil, Cuba, Asia
This study draws on some case studies of land reforms in different South Asian countries. These reforms came on the national and international agenda in a major way in the post- World-War II period and were led by the transition theory, requiring agriculture to provide both surplus and labor for the growth of a modern industrial economy and leading to focus on efficiency in agricultural production (which would release resources -capital and labor- for investment in the modern industrial sector), rather than on distribution.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 2009Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Belize, Cape Verde, Comoros, Bahamas, Barbados, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Cook Islands, Ivory Coast, Cuba, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Grenada, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Equatorial Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Kenya, Kiribati, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Micronesia, Mozambique, Namibia, Nauru, Niger, Nigeria, Niue, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Solomon Islands, Samoa, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Suriname, Eswatini, Tanzania, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tuvalu, Uganda, Vanuatu, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Africa, Caribbean, Oceania
Summary of adaption and mitigation strategies for reducing the effects of climate change especially with regard to better information and communincation management.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 2009Angola, Mozambique, Burkina Faso, South Africa, Burundi, Zimbabwe, Denmark, Botswana, Ghana, Guinea, Sudan, Brazil, Netherlands, Africa
Land Tenure Working Paper 14: Growing land scarcity and concern about land-related conflicts and rising levels of rural impoverishment have brought land to the fore once more. The main difference with the recent past is the wide spectrum of actors who want to take part in the elaboration of the land policies, as well as the more and more recognized need to root the proposals in the particular context of each specific country. The paper, focused on African experiences, starts by discussing the importance of Land Policy Issues at Regional Level.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksSeptember, 2004Burkina Faso, Mauritania, Gambia, Mali, Zimbabwe, Namibia, Australia, Bolivia, Canada, Guinea, Niger, Cameroon, Mozambique, Laos, Philippines, South Africa, Uganda, Italy, Tanzania, Cambodia, India, Russia, Mexico
In recent years, local people and rural communities have assumed increasing prominence in strategies for natural resource management.This paper briefly reviews some of the central legal issues that are associated with this shift. In doing so, its goals are limited. It does not ad dress fundamental questions about when, where and what kind of management works, nor attempt to identify the political, social, economic and environmental ingredient s for success – subjects on which there is a huge, if still inconclusive, literature.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2009Mozambique, Zambia, Mali, Zimbabwe, Namibia, Eswatini, Congo, Malawi, Rwanda, South Africa, Uganda, Madagascar, Italy, Tanzania, Brazil, Senegal, Norway, Kenya, Africa
Women and childrens' insecure rights to property and inheritance in many countries in sub-Saharan Africa is not a new issue. The extended family support systems that used to function as social safety nets for widows and orphaned children have weakened as a consequence of societal changes such as economic development, migration and urbanization. This situation has clearly been exacerbated by the AIDS epidemic. Though prevalence is starting to level off, or even decline, in several high prevalence countries, this comes after years of increasing prevalence.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 2007Angola, Timor-Leste, Rwanda, Iraq, Afghanistan, Burundi, Guatemala, Sri Lanka, Cyprus, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Congo, Pakistan, Colombia, Mozambique, Liberia, South Africa, Vietnam, Somalia, Italy, Cambodia, Sudan, Georgia, Uganda
The Pinheiro Principles provide restitution practitioners, as well as States and UN and others agencies, with a consolidated text relating to the legal, policy, procedural, institutional and technical implementation mechanisms for housing and property restitution. As such, the Principles provide specific policy guidance regarding how to ensure the right to housing and property restitution in practice and for the implementation of restitution laws, programmes and policies, based on existing international human rights, humanitarian, refugee and national standards.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2009Mozambique, Zambia, Mali, Zimbabwe, Namibia, Australia, Eswatini, Congo, Malawi, Rwanda, South Africa, Uganda, Italy, Tanzania, Senegal, Kenya, Africa
A incerteza dos direitos das mulheres e das crianças à propriedade e heranÃça em muitos países na ÃÂfrica sub sahariana não são um assunto novo. Os sistemas de apoio à família alargada que costumavam funcionar como redes de segurança social para as viúvas e crianças órfãs enfraqueceram como consequência de mudanças na sociedade, tais como desenvolvimento económico, a migração e a urbanização. Esta situação foi claramente exacerbada pela epidemia do SIDA.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2006Bangladesh, Rwanda, Zimbabwe, Peru, Indonesia, Ghana, Venezuela, Guyana, Pakistan, Colombia, Mozambique, Jordan, Costa Rica, Philippines, South Africa, Nicaragua, Malaysia, Uganda, Botswana, India, China, Mexico, Brazil
The present paper seeks to cover the key issues, trends, constraints, challenges, knowledge gaps and policy options on a range of dimensions of land access. Land access is broadly defined as the processes by which people individually or collectively gain rights and opportunities to occupy and utilise land (primarily for productive purposes but also other economic and social purposes) on a temporary or permanent basis.
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