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Showing items 1 through 9 of 26.
  1. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    Training Resources & Tools
    June, 2006
    Pakistan, Southern Asia

    This note provides a short overview of urban land and housing market performance in Punjab Province of Pakistan. It describes the characteristics of well-functioning urban land and housing markets and argues that, at present, the Punjab's urban land and housing markets are not performing well. The paper identifies a range of structural and institutional shortcomings that impede urban land market performance, and then concludes by offering recommendations for making land and housing markets functions better.

  2. Library Resource

    The Importance of the Informal Economy

    Reports & Research
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    December, 2008

    All countries have a formal economy and an informal economy. But, on average, in developing countries the relative size of the informal sector is considerably larger than in developed countries. This paper argues that this has important implications for housing policy in developing countries. That most poor households derive their income from informal employment effectively precludes income-contingent transfers as a method of redistribution.

  3. Library Resource

    Engines of Growth and Prosperity for Developing Countries?

    Reports & Research
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    December, 2008

    This paper reviews the evidence about the effects of urbanization and cities on productivity and economic growth in developing countries using a consistent theoretical framework. Just like in developed economies, there is strong evidence that cities in developing countries bolster productive efficiency. Regarding whether cities promote self-sustained growth, the evidence is suggestive but ultimately inconclusive. These findings imply that the traditional agenda of aiming to raise within-city efficiency should be continued.

  4. Library Resource

    Lessons Learned from the Experience in Lagos and Other Mega-Cities

    Reports & Research
    Training Resources & Tools
    June, 2015
    Africa, Nigeria

    This report aims to extract lessons on slum upgrading and involuntary resettlement policies and practices learned from the process of addressing the Badia East case, which involved complex interactions between affected people, NGOs, the Bank and Lagos State Government.

  5. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    May, 2014

    The accumulation of decent housing matters both because of the difference it makes to living standards and because of its centrality to economic development. The consequences for living standards are far-reaching. In addition to directly conferring utility, decent housing improves health and enables children to do homework. It frees up women's time and enables them to participate in the labor market. More subtly, a home and its environs affect identity and self-respect.

  6. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    June, 2012

    Slum upgrading programs are being used by national and city governments in many countries to improve the welfare of households living in slum and squatter settlements. These programs typically include a combination of improvements in neighborhood infrastructure, land tenure, and building quality. In this paper, the authors develop a dynamic general equilibrium model to compare the effectiveness of alternative slum upgrading instruments in a second-best setting with distortions in the land and credit markets.

  7. Library Resource
    June, 2012

    By reviewing the Bank's experience
    with shelter lending, this paper seeks to address the
    question of whether the Bank has helped developing countries
    deal with the inevitable problems that arise with
    urbanization, particularly problems with the provision of
    shelter. It reviews the Bank's performance, with a
    focus on identifying lessons learned so that current demands
    can be more effectively addressed. In contrast to earlier

  8. Library Resource
    May, 2012

    This publication offers crucial lessons
    for policy makers and development experts who may be
    considering using small area poverty maps as tools of
    economic development and helps add to our array of tools for
    dealing with the political economy issues of poverty. It
    represents a major contribution to a little understood
    aspect of the well-known adage "location, location,
    location," demonstrating that the conceptualization of

  9. Library Resource
    March, 2013

    Danang City is the capital and economic
    hub of the central region of Vietnam. As in all of the major
    urban centers of the country, Danang is currently
    experiencing rapid urbanization fueled by consistent
    economic growth and the resultant steady increase in
    population, much through rural-urban migration. For this
    reason, central and city government has been increasingly
    concerned with the urban development and housing sectors.

  10. Library Resource
    March, 2013

    This report describes a pilot study of
    natural risk hazards in the peri-urban extension areas of
    the Dakar Metropolitan Area, Senegal. The area subject of
    this study stretches across 580 square kilometers, covering
    less than 1 percent of the national territory, but housing
    about 50 percent of Senegal's urban population. Much of
    the rapid population growth of the Dakar Metropolitan Area
    is taking place beyond the boundaries of the Department of

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