This paper reviews the experiences of introducing land consolidation and land banking instruments in Central and Eastern Europe, largely to address the structural problems of small and fragmented farms. The introduction has been uneven with some countries having established operational programmes while others have taken steps with differing levels of success, and a few have not taken action. The paper assesses the driving factors for the introduction and the approaches used in individual countries.
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Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksJanuary, 2015Serbia, Slovenia, North Macedonia, Slovakia, Lithuania, Croatia, Azerbaijan, Ukraine, Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Armenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Hungary, Moldova, Albania, Montenegro, Poland, Russia, Germany, Georgia, Romania, Czech Republic, Eastern Europe
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2001Serbia, Slovenia, North Macedonia, Slovakia, Lithuania, Croatia, Azerbaijan, Ukraine, Kyrgyzstan, Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Hungary, Moldova, Albania, Armenia, Poland, Germany, Georgia, Romania, Czech Republic, Europe
The former socialist countries of Eastern Europe (that is, Europe east of Germany and west of the Urals, but including all of Russia) began a transition to a market economy in the late 1980’s and early 1990’s. This paper looks at one aspect of that transition: the transition from state ownership to private ownership of agricultural land and the accompanying transition to a land market for agricultural land.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 2009Angola, Burkina Faso, Rwanda, Zambia, Mali, Burundi, China, Namibia, Eswatini, Ghana, Sierra Leone, Malawi, Niger, Mozambique, Liberia, South Africa, Uganda, Madagascar, Tanzania, Sudan, Georgia, Kenya, Europe, Asia, Africa, Northern America
Land Tenure Working Paper 11. This co-publication of FAO and UN-HABITAT seeks to better understand and define the processes, mechanisms and institutions of governance of tenure in rural and urban areas. The paper recognises that excellent land policies, laws and technical reforms have been developed. However, in many cases their implementation has slipped, stalled or even been reversed. By adopting a governance and political economy perspective, the paper offers insights for the design of reforms and for the development of land governance tools.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2013Serbia, Slovenia, North Macedonia, Slovakia, Lithuania, Armenia, Croatia, Azerbaijan, Ukraine, Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Hungary, Moldova, Albania, Montenegro, Poland, Germany, Georgia, Romania, Czech Republic, Eastern Europe
The countries in Central and Eastern Europe began a remarkable transition from a centrally-planned economy towards a market economy in 1989 when the Berlin Wall fell and the Iron Curtain lifted. Land reforms with the objective to privatize state-owned agricultural land, managed by large-scale collective and state farms, were high on the political agenda in most countries of the region at the beginning of the transition. More than 20 years later the stage of implementation of land reform varies.