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Showing items 1 through 9 of 16.
  1. Library Resource

    Inputs for an Agenda and Strategy

    Reports & Research
    Training Resources & Tools
    May, 2015

    In less than fifty years, Brazil evolved from a predominantly rural society and economy to a highly urbanized country in which 85 percent of its people now live in urban areas and more than 90 percent of the country’s GDP is generated in the cities. This rapid urbanization process was characterized by a lack of planning and an enduring framework of inequality, resulting in high degrees of concentrated poverty in the urban areas. Much of this urbanization has taken place in metropolitan regions (MRs).

  2. Library Resource
    April, 2016

    This report analyzes the experience of
    Ethiopia with the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP)
    process. The focus of the report is on evaluating the
    performance of the World Bank in supporting the PRSP
    initiative, not on appraising the authorities’ policies. The
    emphasis of the report is on the formulation and
    implementation of the PRSP until the time of the evaluation
    team’s mission to Ethiopia in mid-2003. The report is

  3. Library Resource
    February, 2014

    The economic recession, the end of
    stimulus funding and central government cutbacks, rising
    social costs and aging, and the need for infrastructure
    upgrading for urbanization are putting enormous fiscal
    stress on cities. The financing capacity of municipalities
    is greatly affected because of the decline in the tax base,
    expenditure pressures, and growing and more expensive debt.
    Today's urban fiscal crisis is similar to that

  4. Library Resource
    January, 2016

    This report by the Independent
    Evaluation Group (IEG) summarizes the experiences of and
    draws lessons from the country program evaluations of four
    natural resource-rich countries: the Plurinational State of
    Bolivia, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, and Zambia. It concludes that
    although the challenges identified in these countries are
    not unique, they manifest themselves with particular
    intensity in three closely interrelated areas that need to

  5. Library Resource
    December, 2015

    Bolivia’s distinct characteristics and
    aspirations are a key for understanding its development
    trajectory. Bolivia is one of the countries with the highest
    share of indigenous population, representing a tapestry of
    different groups with different historical, cultural and
    economic features, with a significant influence in policy
    decision making. The country is landlocked and one of the
    most sparsely populated in the world. As a result, long

  6. Library Resource
    December, 2015
    Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa

    Africa is rapidly urbanizing and will
    lead the world’s urban growth in the coming decades.
    Currently, Africa is the least‐urbanized continent,
    accommodating 11.3 percent of the world’s urban population,
    and the Sub‐Saharan region is the continent’s
    least‐urbanized area. However, the region’s cities are
    expanding rapidly, by 2050; Africa’s urban population is
    projected to reach 1.2 billion, with an urbanization rate of

  7. Library Resource
    December, 2015

    This note is a summary of a report that
    considers urban areas as the complement to rural areas that
    will allow the Plurinational State of Bolivia to achieve the
    goals set forth in its Patriotic Agenda for the Bicentennial
    2025. The report uses data available at the national level
    from censuses and household surveys from the National
    Statistics Institute (INE) and the Social and Economic
    Policy Analysis Unit of the Ministry of Development Planning

  8. Library Resource
    January, 2016

    Prior to the political and security
    crisis of 2012, Mali, a large landlocked country in West
    Africa already ranked among the poorest countries in the
    world. In early 2012, the vast northern regions fell under
    the control of extremist forces, while a coup d’état in
    Bamako threw the country into political instability and
    turmoil. A strong international military response in early
    2013 prevented further destabilization, though part of the

  9. Library Resource
    July, 2016
    Central America

    Central America is undergoing an
    important transition, with urban populations increasingat
    accelerated speeds, bringing pressing challenges as well as
    opportunities to boost sustained,inclusive and resilient
    growth. Today, 59 percent of Central America's
    population lives in urban areas, but it is expected that
    within the next generation 7 out of 10 people will live in
    cities, equivalent to adding 700,000 new urban residents

  10. Library Resource
    July, 2016

    This Country Partnership Framework (CPF)
    presents the World Bank Group (WBG) program and the
    associated results framework for Lebanon for the period
    FY17-FY22. In a fragile and conflict-prone environment, this
    CPF aims at mitigating the immediate, and potentially
    long-lasting impact of the Syria crisis on Lebanon, while
    strengthening state institutions, addressing existing
    vulnerabilities, and bolstering efforts on longer term

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