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Showing items 1 through 9 of 7.
  1. Library Resource

    Inputs for an Agenda and Strategy

    Reports & Research
    Training Resources & Tools
    May, 2015
    Brazil

    In less than fifty years, Brazil evolved from a predominantly rural society and economy to a highly urbanized country in which 85 percent of its people now live in urban areas and more than 90 percent of the country’s GDP is generated in the cities. This rapid urbanization process was characterized by a lack of planning and an enduring framework of inequality, resulting in high degrees of concentrated poverty in the urban areas. Much of this urbanization has taken place in metropolitan regions (MRs).

  2. Library Resource
    December, 2015
    Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa

    Africa is rapidly urbanizing and will
    lead the world’s urban growth in the coming decades.
    Currently, Africa is the least‐urbanized continent,
    accommodating 11.3 percent of the world’s urban population,
    and the Sub‐Saharan region is the continent’s
    least‐urbanized area. However, the region’s cities are
    expanding rapidly, by 2050; Africa’s urban population is
    projected to reach 1.2 billion, with an urbanization rate of

  3. Library Resource
    July, 2016
    Central America

    Central America is undergoing an
    important transition, with urban populations increasingat
    accelerated speeds, bringing pressing challenges as well as
    opportunities to boost sustained,inclusive and resilient
    growth. Today, 59 percent of Central America's
    population lives in urban areas, but it is expected that
    within the next generation 7 out of 10 people will live in
    cities, equivalent to adding 700,000 new urban residents

  4. Library Resource
    November, 2015
    Ethiopia

    The urban population in Ethiopia is
    increasing rapidly. If managed proactively, urban population
    growth presents a huge opportunity to shift the structure
    and location of economic activity from rural agriculture to
    the larger and more diversified urban industrial and service
    sectors. If not managed proactively, rapid urban population
    growth may pose a demographic challenge as cities struggle
    to provide jobs, infrastructure and services, and housing.

  5. Library Resource
    November, 2015
    Vietnam

    Affordable housing will be instrumental
    to helping Vietnam achieve its goals for increasing
    productivity and inclusive urban growth. Since Doi Moi, the
    country has experienced impressive economic growth, averaged
    at 7.4 percent per annum from 1990 to 2008, lowering to an
    average of 6 percent per annum from 2007 to 2013. Strong
    economic growth has supported a substantial reduction in
    poverty, from 58 percent in 1993 to 17 percent in 20121.

  6. Library Resource
    February, 2014

    Despite strong economic growth,
    investment in basic urban infrastructure -- water supply,
    wastewater removal and treatment, roads, and other
    capital-intensive systems -- has failed to keep pace with
    urban growth, leaving a critical urban infrastructure
    deficit. At the same time, urban lands in these many
    developing countries are among the most expensive in the
    world. Much of this land is owned by public authorities.

  7. Library Resource
    October, 2015

    Over the past twenty years, Uganda’s
    population density has been increasing rapidly, placing
    significant pressure on the use of land. Uganda now has a
    population density of 194 persons per square kilometer of
    arable land, compared to 80 in Kenya and 116 in Ghana. At
    present, the majority of Uganda’s population still lives in
    rural areas, where the main source of livelihood is
    agriculture. However, the proportion of the population

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