This paper provides an overview of land reform in South Africa from 1994 to 2011, with the focus on the land redistribution. The government policies and associated implementation since 1994 have not generated expected social and economic results for a number of reasons. Even where land has been transferred, it appears to have had minimal impact on the livelihoods of beneficiaries, largely because of inappropriate project design, a lack of necessary support services and shortages of working capital, leading to widespread underutilization of land.
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Library ResourceReports & ResearchPolicy Papers & BriefsMay, 2012South Africa, Southern Africa, Africa
Library ResourceReports & ResearchPolicy Papers & BriefsFebruary, 2011Solomon Islands, Eastern Asia, Oceania
In countries where a large proportion of the total land area is held customarily, reform questions around land and development often tend to focus on the customary estate. Evidence from Solomon Islands suggests that a focus on public land holdings, even when they are relatively small in land area, can yield outsized benefits. Publicly owned land regularly includes economically valuable land and urban land on which development pressure is high. In Solomon Islands, as much as 10 percent of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) may be affected by how effectively urban public land is governed.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2002France, Benin, Switzerland, Chile, Ukraine, China, Australia, Ireland, Canada, Venezuela, Guinea, Colombia, Japan, Italy, Brazil, Argentina, United Kingdom, Mexico, Norway
Land and land reform cover a great range, both in terms of the geographical and development status of the countries considered, and of the variety of perspectives on the issues. The articles in this issue of Land Reform, Land Resettlement and Cooperatives reflect this breadth in a variety of ways. The articles range geographically from the paper addressing land and agrarian reform in Colombia, by Professor Darío Fajardo, to a consideration of the land reforms currently under way in Scotland, by Douglas Macmillan, Ken Thomson and Bill Slee.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 1998Eswatini, Benin, Zambia, Bolivia, China, Italy
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 1999Burkina Faso, Philippines, Central African Republic, Italy
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2000Republic of Korea, Italy, China, Philippines
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsFebruary, 2010Uruguay
Desarrollo rural en Uruguay
Uruguay ha sido, hasta no hace mucho tiempo, un país esencialmente ganadero. Desde el siglo XVII, cuando se introdujeron las primeras cabezas de vacunos, hasta la fecha, el cuero, luego el tasajo, y más tarde la carne y la lana han sido el soporte de la economía del país, modelando el desarrollo de una sociedad que depende sustancialmente de las exportaciones de origen agropecuario.
Library ResourceJune, 2013Turkmenistan
Turkmenistan's unique approach to
land reform and farm restructuring has produced a
significant shift to individual or household-based farming,
with more than three-quarters of the arable land leased to
individual households or small groups. Most leaseholders
consider this land to be rightfully theirs, and they expect
to keep it in the future, either as private owners, or
through extension of their leasehold. However, individual
Library ResourceAugust, 2012
Enterprises use credit to acquire
productivity-enhancing assets. Rural enterprises in
developing economies, however, often lack access to the
credit they need. Key reasons for this lack of access
include the low level and scattered nature of economic
activity in rural areas, the enterprises' lack of
collateral, inadequate capacity among the country's
lenders to lend in rural areas, and legal and policy
Library ResourceAugust, 2012Vanuatu
Under the Vanuatu constitution, the
'rules of custom shall form the basis of ownership and
use of land.' Implementing this principle after decades
of land alienation, however, has proved to be challenging.
While the leasing arrangement was originally intended to
restore investor confidence and maintain agricultural
development in newly independent Vanuatu, it soon evolved
into the method of acquiring new leases over previously
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