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Showing items 1 through 9 of 17.
  1. Library Resource

    A Critical Review

    Reports & Research
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    May, 2012
    South Africa, Southern Africa, Africa

    This paper provides an overview of land reform in South Africa from 1994 to 2011, with the focus on the land redistribution. The government policies and associated implementation since 1994 have not generated expected social and economic results for a number of reasons. Even where land has been transferred, it appears to have had minimal impact on the livelihoods of beneficiaries, largely because of inappropriate project design, a lack of necessary support services and shortages of working capital, leading to widespread underutilization of land.

  2. Library Resource

    Land Leasing on Tanna Island, Vanuatu

    Reports & Research
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    May, 2012
    Vanuatu, Eastern Asia, Oceania

    The body of this report consists of five sections. Section one is an introduction to the JBE program and the context for the lease research on Tanna. Section two provides a profile of some of the relevant historical and economic features of the island and aspects related to the structure of governance and civil society organization. This is followed in section three by a summary of key findings regarding the 64 leases studied on Tanna.

  3. Library Resource
    August, 2012
    Europe

    Buying, selling and mortgaging farmland
    are still rare in Eastern and Central Europe. Not
    surprisingly, given the level of risk in many of these
    countries, short-term transactions, especially leasing, are
    more common. These short-term transactions do almost as well
    as land sales in allocating resources. Making them more
    secure by improving simple registration and enforcement
    systems and increasing public access to information on what

  4. Library Resource
    August, 2012

    IFC has built up a hefty portfolio of
    debt and equity investments in leasing companies in emerging
    markets. Based on IFC's experience, the authors argue
    that leasing is an effective instrument for financing small
    firms' investments in equipment --especially in
    countries with weak collateral laws or mostly new businesses
    that lack historical financial statements.

  5. Library Resource
    August, 2012

    Enterprises use credit to acquire
    productivity-enhancing assets. Rural enterprises in
    developing economies, however, often lack access to the
    credit they need. Key reasons for this lack of access
    include the low level and scattered nature of economic
    activity in rural areas, the enterprises' lack of
    collateral, inadequate capacity among the country's
    lenders to lend in rural areas, and legal and policy

  6. Library Resource
    August, 2012
    Vanuatu

    Under the Vanuatu constitution, the
    'rules of custom shall form the basis of ownership and
    use of land.' Implementing this principle after decades
    of land alienation, however, has proved to be challenging.
    While the leasing arrangement was originally intended to
    restore investor confidence and maintain agricultural
    development in newly independent Vanuatu, it soon evolved
    into the method of acquiring new leases over previously

  7. Library Resource
    August, 2012
    Vanuatu

    This note summarizes findings from an
    analysis of Vanuatu national leasing data drawn from the
    Vanuatu department of lands databases for the period of
    1980-2010. It provides a preliminary indication of how much
    of Vanuatu is currently under lease, where land is being
    leased, how leased land is being used, the length of leases,
    and the extent that leases have been subdivided. The profile
    also highlights areas where data collection needs to be improved.

  8. Library Resource
    June, 2012
    China

    This paper is motivated by the emphasis
    on secure property rights as a determinant of economic
    development in recent literature. The authors use village
    and household level information from about 800 villages
    throughout China to explore whether legal reform increased
    protection of land rights against unauthorized reallocation
    or expropriation with below-average compensation by the
    state. The analysis provides nation-wide evidence on a

  9. Library Resource
    June, 2012
    Uganda

    Mixed evidence on the impact of formal title in much of Africa is often used to question the relevance of dealing with land policy issues in this continent. The authors use data from Uganda to assess the impact of a disaggregated set of rights on investment, productivity, and land values, and to test the hypothesis that individuals' lack of knowledge of the new law reduces their tenure security. Results point toward strong and positive effects of greater tenure security and transferability.

  10. Library Resource
    June, 2012

    This paper analyzes land transactions
    between municipalities and private businesses based on
    official data and business surveys in 15 regions of the
    Russian Federation. Since the Russian Federation passed the
    new Land Code in 2001, land privatization has been
    officially encouraged by the federal government and in
    particular, land under previously privatized buildings was
    supposed to be privatized to the owner at a nominal price.

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