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Showing items 1 through 9 of 14.
  1. Library Resource

    A Critical Review

    Reports & Research
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    May, 2012
    South Africa, Southern Africa, Africa

    This paper provides an overview of land reform in South Africa from 1994 to 2011, with the focus on the land redistribution. The government policies and associated implementation since 1994 have not generated expected social and economic results for a number of reasons. Even where land has been transferred, it appears to have had minimal impact on the livelihoods of beneficiaries, largely because of inappropriate project design, a lack of necessary support services and shortages of working capital, leading to widespread underutilization of land.

  2. Library Resource

    Land Leasing on Tanna Island, Vanuatu

    Reports & Research
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    May, 2012
    Vanuatu, Eastern Asia, Oceania

    The body of this report consists of five sections. Section one is an introduction to the JBE program and the context for the lease research on Tanna. Section two provides a profile of some of the relevant historical and economic features of the island and aspects related to the structure of governance and civil society organization. This is followed in section three by a summary of key findings regarding the 64 leases studied on Tanna.

  3. Library Resource
    August, 2012

    Enterprises use credit to acquire
    productivity-enhancing assets. Rural enterprises in
    developing economies, however, often lack access to the
    credit they need. Key reasons for this lack of access
    include the low level and scattered nature of economic
    activity in rural areas, the enterprises' lack of
    collateral, inadequate capacity among the country's
    lenders to lend in rural areas, and legal and policy

  4. Library Resource
    August, 2012
    Vanuatu

    Under the Vanuatu constitution, the
    'rules of custom shall form the basis of ownership and
    use of land.' Implementing this principle after decades
    of land alienation, however, has proved to be challenging.
    While the leasing arrangement was originally intended to
    restore investor confidence and maintain agricultural
    development in newly independent Vanuatu, it soon evolved
    into the method of acquiring new leases over previously

  5. Library Resource
    August, 2012
    Vanuatu

    This note summarizes findings from an
    analysis of Vanuatu national leasing data drawn from the
    Vanuatu department of lands databases for the period of
    1980-2010. It provides a preliminary indication of how much
    of Vanuatu is currently under lease, where land is being
    leased, how leased land is being used, the length of leases,
    and the extent that leases have been subdivided. The profile
    also highlights areas where data collection needs to be improved.

  6. Library Resource
    June, 2012
    China

    This paper is motivated by the emphasis
    on secure property rights as a determinant of economic
    development in recent literature. The authors use village
    and household level information from about 800 villages
    throughout China to explore whether legal reform increased
    protection of land rights against unauthorized reallocation
    or expropriation with below-average compensation by the
    state. The analysis provides nation-wide evidence on a

  7. Library Resource
    June, 2012
    Uganda

    Mixed evidence on the impact of formal title in much of Africa is often used to question the relevance of dealing with land policy issues in this continent. The authors use data from Uganda to assess the impact of a disaggregated set of rights on investment, productivity, and land values, and to test the hypothesis that individuals' lack of knowledge of the new law reduces their tenure security. Results point toward strong and positive effects of greater tenure security and transferability.

  8. Library Resource
    June, 2012
    Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa

    Land reform can broadly be divided into
    land tenure reform-the establishment of secure and
    formalized property rights in land-and land
    redistribution-the transfer of land from large to small
    farmers. The paper is therefore divided into two chapters.
    The first chapter gives a short narrative of some of the key
    land tenure and land policy issues. While these issues
    remain politically sensitive, there is a solid consensus

  9. Library Resource
    June, 2012
    Thailand

    In the 1980s the Thai government tried to legalize squatters by issuing special titles that restricted the sale and rental of the land. Using data from 2,874 farming households collected in 1997, the author finds that in places where these government titles where issued, leased plots are more likely to be titled than those that are self-cultivated. For these areas, he uses a model to estimate a 6 percent risk premium in the rental rate for untitled plots.

  10. Library Resource
    August, 2012

    The project initially focused on
    building upon the 1998 Registration Law to develop
    registration procedures, and on getting the Legislative
    Reform Office (LROs) up and running. Cost, affordability,
    and quality of services were important considerations. The
    Project benefited from the country's high education
    levels and relatively low labor costs. Since independence in
    1991, the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic has sought to

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