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Showing items 1 through 9 of 10.
  1. Library Resource

    A Critical Review

    Reports & Research
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    May, 2012
    South Africa, Southern Africa, Africa

    This paper provides an overview of land reform in South Africa from 1994 to 2011, with the focus on the land redistribution. The government policies and associated implementation since 1994 have not generated expected social and economic results for a number of reasons. Even where land has been transferred, it appears to have had minimal impact on the livelihoods of beneficiaries, largely because of inappropriate project design, a lack of necessary support services and shortages of working capital, leading to widespread underutilization of land.

  2. Library Resource

    Land Leasing on Tanna Island, Vanuatu

    Reports & Research
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    May, 2012
    Vanuatu, Eastern Asia, Oceania

    The body of this report consists of five sections. Section one is an introduction to the JBE program and the context for the lease research on Tanna. Section two provides a profile of some of the relevant historical and economic features of the island and aspects related to the structure of governance and civil society organization. This is followed in section three by a summary of key findings regarding the 64 leases studied on Tanna.

  3. Library Resource
    August, 2012
    Europe

    Buying, selling and mortgaging farmland
    are still rare in Eastern and Central Europe. Not
    surprisingly, given the level of risk in many of these
    countries, short-term transactions, especially leasing, are
    more common. These short-term transactions do almost as well
    as land sales in allocating resources. Making them more
    secure by improving simple registration and enforcement
    systems and increasing public access to information on what

  4. Library Resource
    June, 2012
    China

    This paper is motivated by the emphasis
    on secure property rights as a determinant of economic
    development in recent literature. The authors use village
    and household level information from about 800 villages
    throughout China to explore whether legal reform increased
    protection of land rights against unauthorized reallocation
    or expropriation with below-average compensation by the
    state. The analysis provides nation-wide evidence on a

  5. Library Resource
    June, 2012
    Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa

    Land reform can broadly be divided into
    land tenure reform-the establishment of secure and
    formalized property rights in land-and land
    redistribution-the transfer of land from large to small
    farmers. The paper is therefore divided into two chapters.
    The first chapter gives a short narrative of some of the key
    land tenure and land policy issues. While these issues
    remain politically sensitive, there is a solid consensus

  6. Library Resource
    June, 2012
    Thailand

    In the 1980s the Thai government tried to legalize squatters by issuing special titles that restricted the sale and rental of the land. Using data from 2,874 farming households collected in 1997, the author finds that in places where these government titles where issued, leased plots are more likely to be titled than those that are self-cultivated. For these areas, he uses a model to estimate a 6 percent risk premium in the rental rate for untitled plots.

  7. Library Resource
    August, 2012

    The project initially focused on
    building upon the 1998 Registration Law to develop
    registration procedures, and on getting the Legislative
    Reform Office (LROs) up and running. Cost, affordability,
    and quality of services were important considerations. The
    Project benefited from the country's high education
    levels and relatively low labor costs. Since independence in
    1991, the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic has sought to

  8. Library Resource
    June, 2012
    Ethiopia

    Although many African countries have
    recently adopted highly innovative and pro-poor land laws,
    lack of implementation thwarts their potentially
    far-reaching impact on productivity, poverty reduction, and
    governance. The authors use a representative household
    survey from Ethiopia where, over a short period,
    certificates to more than 20 million plots were issued to
    describe the certification process, explore its incidence

  9. Library Resource
    April, 2012
    Albania

    Albania's radical farmland
    distribution is credited with averting an economic crisis
    and social unrest during the transition. But many believe it
    led to a holding structure too fragmented to be efficient,
    and that public efforts to consolidate plots are needed to
    lay the foundation for greater rural productivity. This
    paper uses farm-level data from the 2005 Albania Living
    Standards Measurement Survey to explore this quantitatively.

  10. Library Resource
    August, 2012

    Land markets that allow access to
    land-and to buildings-through secure property rights, at
    transparent prices, and with efficient permitting processes
    and land tax systems are essential to a good business
    environment. Creating such markets, however, can be a long,
    complex, politically charged process, especially where most
    land is untitled and where there are conflicting claims. But
    experience points to practical interim or step solutions

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