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Showing items 1 through 9 of 23.
  1. Library Resource

    Leasing on Epi Island, Vanuatu

    Reports & Research
    Training Resources & Tools
    September, 2010
    Vanuatu, Eastern Asia, Oceania

    This study of 23 leases over land on the island of Epi is the first of the Jastis Blong Evriwan (JBE) research activities to examine land and natural resource management (L&NRM) and access to justice on particular Vanuatu islands. The research will be repeated on the island of Tanna. To inform the broader context of land leasing in Vanuatu, JBE, in collaboration with the government of Vanuatu, has begun collecting and analyzing government land-leasing data.

  2. Library Resource

    A Critical Review

    Reports & Research
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    May, 2012
    South Africa, Southern Africa, Africa

    This paper provides an overview of land reform in South Africa from 1994 to 2011, with the focus on the land redistribution. The government policies and associated implementation since 1994 have not generated expected social and economic results for a number of reasons. Even where land has been transferred, it appears to have had minimal impact on the livelihoods of beneficiaries, largely because of inappropriate project design, a lack of necessary support services and shortages of working capital, leading to widespread underutilization of land.

  3. Library Resource

    Land Leasing on Tanna Island, Vanuatu

    Reports & Research
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    May, 2012
    Vanuatu, Eastern Asia, Oceania

    The body of this report consists of five sections. Section one is an introduction to the JBE program and the context for the lease research on Tanna. Section two provides a profile of some of the relevant historical and economic features of the island and aspects related to the structure of governance and civil society organization. This is followed in section three by a summary of key findings regarding the 64 leases studied on Tanna.

  4. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    December, 2003

    Land policies are of fundamental importance to sustainable growth, good governance, and the well-being of, and the economic opportunities open to, both rural and urban dwellers - particularly the poor. To this end, research on land policy, and analysis of interventions related to the subject, have long been of interest to the Bank's Research Department, and other academic, and civil society institutions.

  5. Library Resource
    August, 2012
    Europe

    Buying, selling and mortgaging farmland
    are still rare in Eastern and Central Europe. Not
    surprisingly, given the level of risk in many of these
    countries, short-term transactions, especially leasing, are
    more common. These short-term transactions do almost as well
    as land sales in allocating resources. Making them more
    secure by improving simple registration and enforcement
    systems and increasing public access to information on what

  6. Library Resource
    June, 2013
    Turkmenistan

    Turkmenistan's unique approach to
    land reform and farm restructuring has produced a
    significant shift to individual or household-based farming,
    with more than three-quarters of the arable land leased to
    individual households or small groups. Most leaseholders
    consider this land to be rightfully theirs, and they expect
    to keep it in the future, either as private owners, or
    through extension of their leasehold. However, individual

  7. Library Resource
    August, 2012

    Enterprises use credit to acquire
    productivity-enhancing assets. Rural enterprises in
    developing economies, however, often lack access to the
    credit they need. Key reasons for this lack of access
    include the low level and scattered nature of economic
    activity in rural areas, the enterprises' lack of
    collateral, inadequate capacity among the country's
    lenders to lend in rural areas, and legal and policy

  8. Library Resource
    August, 2012
    Vanuatu

    Under the Vanuatu constitution, the
    'rules of custom shall form the basis of ownership and
    use of land.' Implementing this principle after decades
    of land alienation, however, has proved to be challenging.
    While the leasing arrangement was originally intended to
    restore investor confidence and maintain agricultural
    development in newly independent Vanuatu, it soon evolved
    into the method of acquiring new leases over previously

  9. Library Resource
    January, 2013

    Although transfer of agricultural land
    ownership through land reform had positive impacts on
    productivity, investment, and political empowerment in many
    cases, institutional arrangements in West Bengal -- which
    made tenancy heritable and imposed a prohibition on
    subleasing -- imply that early land reform benefits may not
    be sustained and gains from this policy remain well below
    potential. Data from a listing of 96,000 households in 200

  10. Library Resource
    June, 2012
    China

    This paper is motivated by the emphasis
    on secure property rights as a determinant of economic
    development in recent literature. The authors use village
    and household level information from about 800 villages
    throughout China to explore whether legal reform increased
    protection of land rights against unauthorized reallocation
    or expropriation with below-average compensation by the
    state. The analysis provides nation-wide evidence on a

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