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Showing items 1 through 9 of 12.
  1. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    December, 2018
    Poland, Latvia

    Determining areas affected by forest succession is one of the main tasks aimed at shaping rural areas. Effective determination of the parameters of the dynamics of forest succession in areas used for agriculture is the basis for understanding the phenomenon of land cultivation abandonment. Understanding it allows to implement a proper policy limiting the negative effects of giving up agricultural production. There are many methods to determine forested areas. The most popular group of the methods includes those that rely on the use of LiDAR data.

  2. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    December, 2018
    Latvia

    Land is one of the most important natural resources; its use is determined by several factors, especially resources and infrastructure. Without proper land management and maintenance as well as after abandoning the land favourable conditions arise for land degradation. Land degradation processes are also found in road infrastructure, which are promoted by various risk factors.

  3. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    December, 2018
    Poland, Latvia

    The spatial structure of rural areas in eastern Poland is characterized by large fragmentation of privately owned farmland, as well as the scattering of parcels across villages and beyond their boundaries. An important defect is also the unfavourable shape of land parcels, which hampers and sometimes even makes impossible rational management of land in a given area. Shape analysis has been the focus of numerous publications in fields such as geography and ecology, and, more recently, also geodesy.

  4. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    December, 2018
    Poland, Latvia

    Agriculture in Poland varies from region to region in terms of the level of farming culture and intensity of production. The majority of holdings are family farms, which use extensive farming practices and which are geared towards multidirectional production. They are characterized by low product marketability. Small farms with an area of 1-5 ha prevail. The largest fragmentation of individual farms is observed in the southern and south-eastern parts of the country. A more favourable agrarian structure is found in northern Poland.

  5. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    December, 2018
    Poland, Latvia

    Soil quality is one of the most important factors determining the potential for obtaining a high profit from farming. The agricultural quality of soils is described by soil quality classes, and the suitability of soils for growing particular plants or plant communities is described in terms of soil-agricultural complexes. A unified soil classification has been developed for the entire area of Poland, which takes into account the morphological features and physical properties of Polish soils.

  6. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    December, 2018
    Poland, Latvia

    Land consolidation and land exchange are two important measures that can be used to improve the spatial structure of farm holdings. Unfortunately, land cannot be consolidated and exchanged in all villages of a given area simultaneously, due to economic, technical, and social considerations. Instead, an analysis has to be carried out, which allows one to rank the villages with regard to how urgently they need consolidation and exchange of land.

  7. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    December, 2018
    Poland, Latvia

    The current state of agricultural production space is the outcome of centuries of human activity, as conditioned by socio-economic, legal, and political factors. The characteristic features of the spatial layout of land, which has been shaped in this historical process in the rural areas of southern and south-eastern Poland, are farms divided into a large number of parcels, lack of access to parcels, irregular shapes of parcels, and their scattering in space.

  8. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    December, 2018
    Poland, Latvia

    Agricultural transport roads play an important role not only from the point of view of individual farm holdings, but also the general development of rural areas. Roads constitute an element of the technical infrastructure indispensable for communication and transport; they play a role in shaping the rural landscape, and the routes they follow affect the forms and size of agricultural land and forest areas found within the area covered by a given road system. The existing public road network does not always provide access to all fields.

  9. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    December, 2018
    Latvia, Ukraine

    During the last 50 years the humus content in the arable layer of the soil in the basic agrarian regions of Ukraine (steppe and forest steppe) has diminished by 15−18 %. Optimisation of the structure of land areas and stabilisation of agricultural landscapes should be based on the soil indicators that ensure conservation of land. It has been substantiated that the contour-meliorative system of land use under the conditions of the development of farming enterprises as the main form of the contemporary land system should be modernised.

  10. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    December, 2018
    Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania

    Type of land use is a territory of land surface according to its natural characteristics and the current economic use of the land. In relation to the changing economic environment, land monitoring institutions are investigating and implementing methods for obtaining new data on land use pattern. With the development of technologies, research on innovative methods of land resource assessment is becoming more and more relevant, which improves and accelerates the process of determining the land use pattern within the territory.

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