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Showing items 1 through 9 of 25.
  1. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    December, 2017
    Kazakhstan, Latvia

    In article 38 of the Constitution of the Republic of Kazakhstan stipulates that citizens of the Republic of Kazakhstan must preserve nature and protect natural resources [1, p.3]. However, in Northern Kazakhstan, located significant areas of arable land to grow crops. We must not forget that arable land is the wealth of our country. It appears that in the world there is a shortage and the loss of arable land. However, the Land code of the Republic of Kazakhstan there is no concept of arable land.

  2. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    December, 2018
    Poland, Latvia

    Land consolidation and land exchange are two important measures that can be used to improve the spatial structure of farm holdings. Unfortunately, land cannot be consolidated and exchanged in all villages of a given area simultaneously, due to economic, technical, and social considerations. Instead, an analysis has to be carried out, which allows one to rank the villages with regard to how urgently they need consolidation and exchange of land.

  3. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    December, 2018
    Poland, Latvia

    Soil quality is one of the most important factors determining the potential for obtaining a high profit from farming. The agricultural quality of soils is described by soil quality classes, and the suitability of soils for growing particular plants or plant communities is described in terms of soil-agricultural complexes. A unified soil classification has been developed for the entire area of Poland, which takes into account the morphological features and physical properties of Polish soils.

  4. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    December, 2018
    Poland, Latvia

    The spatial structure of rural areas in eastern Poland is characterized by large fragmentation of privately owned farmland, as well as the scattering of parcels across villages and beyond their boundaries. An important defect is also the unfavourable shape of land parcels, which hampers and sometimes even makes impossible rational management of land in a given area. Shape analysis has been the focus of numerous publications in fields such as geography and ecology, and, more recently, also geodesy.

  5. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    December, 2018
    Poland, Latvia

    Agriculture in Poland varies from region to region in terms of the level of farming culture and intensity of production. The majority of holdings are family farms, which use extensive farming practices and which are geared towards multidirectional production. They are characterized by low product marketability. Small farms with an area of 1-5 ha prevail. The largest fragmentation of individual farms is observed in the southern and south-eastern parts of the country. A more favourable agrarian structure is found in northern Poland.

  6. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    December, 2018
    Poland, Latvia

    The current state of agricultural production space is the outcome of centuries of human activity, as conditioned by socio-economic, legal, and political factors. The characteristic features of the spatial layout of land, which has been shaped in this historical process in the rural areas of southern and south-eastern Poland, are farms divided into a large number of parcels, lack of access to parcels, irregular shapes of parcels, and their scattering in space.

  7. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    December, 2018
    Poland, Latvia

    Agricultural transport roads play an important role not only from the point of view of individual farm holdings, but also the general development of rural areas. Roads constitute an element of the technical infrastructure indispensable for communication and transport; they play a role in shaping the rural landscape, and the routes they follow affect the forms and size of agricultural land and forest areas found within the area covered by a given road system. The existing public road network does not always provide access to all fields.

  8. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    December, 2017
    Latvia, Germany

    The main tasks of land consolidation are to eliminate land fragmentation and to facilitate farms of optimal size. One of the most important preconditions of land consolidation is forming of optimal size farmland plots in property and use, and land fragmentation, which has a major impact on both the operating conditions and other rural development processes. Land fragmentation bothers not only land management, but also increases transport costs. During the land reform in the rural areas, land plots in ownership and rented land plots are developed per several land units.

  9. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    December, 2017
    Poland, Latvia, Europe

    Socio-economic development, public safety of local communities and environmental protection are the major pillars of the concept of sustainable development of rural areas in Europe. Land consolidation is a complex and time-consuming undertaking, which requires high expenditures, yet it plays an important role in the policy of sustainable and multi-functional development. The rapid climate change observed in recent years, resulting in a number of unusual weather conditions, has also had an effect on the directions of land consolidation development.

  10. Library Resource
    Conference Papers & Reports
    December, 2017
    Poland, Latvia

    Consolidation and post-consolidation development-related investments are an opportunity to improve living and working conditions of rural residents. Land consolidation is practically the only comprehensive tool to improve the shape of the transport network in the areas covered by this process. Moreover, improving the quality of the transport network is in fact one of the main objectives of land consolidation works.

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