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Showing items 1 through 9 of 26.
  1. Library Resource
    Manuals & Guidelines
    January, 2013
    Global

    This guide offers a three-point framework for companies seeking to integrate FPIC principles into their policies and apply them in the operations. This includes

    • complying with the requirements for FPIC under international and national law,

    • implementing FPIC principles throughout the project life-cycle, and

    • extending FPIC processes to all project-affected communities in line with good practice guidance. It also seeks to

    • articulate the relevance of FPIC to company policy and practice, and

  2. Library Resource
    January, 2014
    Kenya

    Improved governance of natural resources is crucial for building climate resilient livelihoods and economies in Africa’s drylands. This paper looks at why the authority and capacity of customary natural resource management institutions has been weakened, and how this impacts on resource governance and climate resilience. The case study included looks at a new hybrid form of customary/formal institution that is emerging as a response to the stagnation of development and increasing conflict around resource access.

  3. Library Resource
    January, 2008
    Sub-Saharan Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean, Southern Asia

    The policy debate about the merits and demerits of biofuels is growing and changing rapidly, with concerns being voiced over their effectiveness for mitigating climate change, role in recent food price hikes and social environmental impacts. This study contributes to these debates through examining the current and likely future impacts of the increasing spread of biofuels on access to land in producer countries, particularly for poorer rural people. It draws on a literature review of evidence drawn from diverse contexts across Africa, Asia and Latin America.

  4. Library Resource
    January, 2001
    Burkina Faso, Sub-Saharan Africa

    This paper examines the evidence for land degradation in Burkina Faso, and argues that local farming practices are not as unsustainable and environmentally destructive as many reports suggest.Main findings of the study include:there is little evidence of widespread degradation of crop and fallow land in Burkina Faso; the low external input practices used by West African farmers are not leading to region wide land degradation processesa major reason for the overestimation of land degradation has been the underestimation of the abilities of local farmersthere is much more to soil and water co

  5. Library Resource
    January, 2007

    This paper examines urban health in low- and middle-income countries, in relation to two sets of environmental issues:

    persistent local environmental health burdens, and most notably the water, sanitation and housing deficiencies prevalent in the poor neighbourhoods of so many urban settlements
    emerging global environmental burdens that will be experienced in urban areas, and most notably those associated with climate change

  6. Library Resource
    January, 2008
    Tanzania, Sub-Saharan Africa

    Recent years have seen pastoralist communities in Tanzania becoming increasingly impoverished and vulnerable, due to  livestock diseases, drought, fluctuating market prices and unfavourable policies. This paper discusses strategies to address the last of these factors with reference to the Ereto-Ngorongoro Pastoralist Project, which was set up in response to growing concern about the unprecedented and rising levels of poverty among pastoralists in Ngorongoro Conservation Area (NCA).

  7. Library Resource
    January, 2013
    India, Kenya, China

    Through the analysis of newspaper articles and a survey of journalists, this publication identifies gaps and highlights differences in how the media portray pastoralism in Kenya, China and India. In discussing their methodology, the authors note that their reliance on national, English-language publications meant that they were not able to include data from vernacular language press in pastoral regions.Although able to make significant contributions to food security, livelihoods and economic prosperity, the benefits of pastoralism often go unnoticed.

  8. Library Resource
    January, 2002

    This final report presents the findings of the two year IIED MMSD [minerals, mining and sustainable development] project sponsored by the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD). It outlines in detail the MMSD multistakeholder process - which included regional patnerships, national projects, global workshops and a range of commissioned research, presentations and bulletins - before presenting a detailed analysis of the sector through the many stages of minerals and metals exploration, production, use, reuse, recycling, and final disposal.

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