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Showing items 1 through 9 of 278.
  1. Library Resource
    Understanding Land in the Context of Large-Scale Land Acquisitions: A Brief History of Land in Economics
    Journal Articles & Books
    January, 2019
    Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean, Asia, Global

    In economics, land has been traditionally assumed to be a fixed production factor, both in terms of quantity supplied and mobility, as opposed to capital and labor, which are usually considered to be mobile factors, at least to some extent. Yet, in the last decade, international investors have expressed an unexpected interest in farmland and in land-related investments, with the demand for land brusquely rising at an unprecedented pace.

  2. Library Resource
    arton16270-f6ee4.jpg
    Journal Articles & Books
    January, 2019
    France, Global

    Date: 3 janvier 2019

    Source: Reporterre.net

    Par: Marie Astier

    Les sols sont vivants, indispensables à la vie, et presque non renouvelables. Ils sont pourtant assaillis par l’étalement urbain et des pratiques agricoles désastreuses. Sans oublier l’intrusion croissante de sociétés foncières spéculatives. Un rapport parlementaire alerte sur cette situation et appelle à une grande loi foncière.

  3. Library Resource
    Peer-reviewed publication
    May, 2018
    Global

    Statutory recognition of rural communities as collective owners of their lands is substantial,

  4. Library Resource
    Peer-reviewed publication
    March, 2018

    Common approaches to mapping green infrastructure in urbanised landscapes invariably focus on measures of land use or land cover and associated functional or physical traits. However, such one-dimensional perspectives do not accurately capture the character and complexity of the landscapes in which urban inhabitants live. The new approach presented in this paper demonstrates how open-source, high spatial and temporal resolution data with global coverage can be used to measure and represent the landscape qualities of urban environments.

  5. Library Resource
    Peer-reviewed publication
    March, 2018

    Accounting for one quarter of China’s land area, the endorheic Shiyang River basin is a vast semi-arid to arid region in China’s northwest. Exploring the impact of changes in land use on this arid area’s carbon budget under global warming is a key component to global climate change research. Variation in the region’s soil carbon storage due to land use changes occurring between 1973 and 2012 was estimated. The results show that land use change has a significant impact on the soil carbon budget, with soil carbon storage having decreased by 3.89 Tg between 1973 and 2012.

  6. Library Resource
    Peer-reviewed publication
    March, 2018
    Cyprus

    Landscape character assessment (LCA) has a significant contribution to make as a spatial framework for the emerging concept of ‘multi-functional landscapes’, a landscape providing a range of functions, services, and human-derived benefits. The paper reviews the development of LCA in Northwest Europe with a brief description of more recent LCA projects in a Mediterranean context. This is followed by a comparative description of the Living Landscapes approach developed in the UK as applied to Cyprus.

  7. Library Resource
    Peer-reviewed publication
    March, 2018

    The present study utilized time-series Landsat images to explore the spatiotemporal dynamics of urbanization and land use/land-cover (LULC) change in the Kaski District of Nepal from 1988 to 2016. For the specific overtime analysis of change, the LULC transition was clustered into six time periods: 1988–1996, 1996–2000, 2000–2004, 2004–2008, 2008–2013, and 2013–2016. The classification was carried out using a support vector machine (SVM) algorithm and 11 LULC categories were identified.

  8. Library Resource
    Peer-reviewed publication
    March, 2018

    Urban sprawl is a concept commonly used to describe the physical expansion of urban areas. It is traditionally associated with lower residential density, poorer connectivity, and higher energy costs for heating and transport. From the period of 1980 to 2000, the extent of the built-up area in Europe has increased at a rate three times higher than that of population increase, and urban sprawl is now recognized as a major challenge. However, for policies to address this issue, it is essential to be able to identify and quantify sprawl.

  9. Library Resource
    Peer-reviewed publication
    March, 2018
    Ghana

    Agriculture in Africa is not only exposed to climate change impacts but is also a source of greenhouse gases (GHGs). While GHG emissions in Africa are relatively minimal in global dimensions, agriculture in the continent constitutes a major source of GHG emissions. In Ghana, agricultural emissions are accelerating, mainly due to ensuing deforestation of which smallholder cocoa farming is largely associated. The sector is also bedevilled by soil degradation, pests, diseases and poor yields coupled with poor agronomic practices.

  10. Library Resource
    Peer-reviewed publication
    March, 2018

    Land use/land cover maps derived from remotely sensed imagery are often insufficient in quality for some quantitative application purposes due to a variety of reasons such as spectral confusion. Although object-based classification has some advantages over pixel-based classification in identifying relatively homogeneous land use/cover areas from medium resolution remotely sensed images, the classification accuracy is usually still relatively low.

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