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Showing items 1 through 9 of 87.
  1. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    April, 2016
    Ethiopia, Africa, Eastern Africa

    In the arid, low biomass producing areas of Ethiopia, Acacia woodlands suffered a severe degradation due to exploitation for various uses, and conversion to grazing and cultivated lands. However, little is known on the impact of agricultural land uses on soil organic carbon (SOC), total nitrogen (TN) stocks, and other soil quality indicators. This study was planned to evaluate SOC and TN stock changes under parkland agroforestry (PAF), managed pastureland (MPL), and treeless cropland (TLCL) regimes by considering the remnant protected woodland (PWL) as a reference.

  2. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2017
    Rwanda, Africa

    Land change in Kigali, Rwanda, is examined using Intensity Analysis, which measures the temporal stationarity of changes among categories. Maps for 1981, 2002 and 2014 were produced that show the land categories Built, Vegetated and Other, which is composed mainly of croplands and bare surfaces. Land change accelerated from the first time interval (1981–2002) to the second time interval (2002–2014), as increased human and economic activities drove land transformation.

  3. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    Journal Articles & Books
    June, 2016
    Mali, Africa

    Large-scale agricultural land investments in Africa are often considered solely from the land perspective. Yet land, water and other natural resources are closely interlinked in agricultural production and in sustaining rural livelihoods. Such investments involving irrigation will potentially have implications for water availability and utilization by other users, making it imperative to regard water as an economic rather than a free good.

  4. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2013
    Zimbabwe

    The dominant modes of vegetation variability over Zimbabwe are investigated using principal component analysis (PCA) on National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (NOAA-AVHRR) normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) monthly imagery from 1982 to 2006. Spectral analysis is also used to determine the periodicities of the component loadings. NDVI PCA-1 corresponds to the major vegetation types of Zimbabwe, and we demonstrated that grasslands and dry savannah have the strongest relationship with mean annual precipitation.

  5. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2013
    South Africa, Southern Africa

    Natural vegetation and crop-greening patterns in semi-arid savannas are commonly monitored using normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) values from low spatial resolution sensors such as the Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) (1 km, 4 km) and Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) (250 m, 500 m). However, because semi-arid savannas characteristically have scattered tree cover, the NDVI values at low spatial resolution suffer from the effect of aggregation of near-infrared and red energy from adjacent vegetated and non-vegetated cover types.

  6. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2013
    Ethiopia

    Soil loss, nutrient depletion and land degradation contribute to the skimpy performance of smallholder agriculture and pose serious policy challenges in developing countries. Surprisingly, natural resource management practices that enhance sustainability while improving productivity have not been fully adopted despite continuous efforts of promotion.

  7. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2013
    Ethiopia

    The use of co-investment activities to motivate farmers to carry out sustainable land management is increasingly recognized. Several co-investment efforts have been implemented to combat land degradation and increase agricultural production in the Ethiopian highlands. Nevertheless, these co-investment activities have not been documented. Moreover, the impacts of these activities have not been evaluated. This study presents a co-investment initiative for sustainable land management in the Galessa watershed in Ethiopia.

  8. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2014
    Tanzania

    In order to identify sustainable management solutions for small-scale farmer agroecosystems, a better understanding of these dynamic forest–farmland systems, existing farming and forestry strategies, and farmer perspectives is important. We examined the relationship between agricultural land use patterns and farmers’ practices and identified existing and potential characteristics of healthy agroecosystems at local scale in the context of village communities in Zanzibar, Tanzania.

  9. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    December, 2013
    Niger, Western Africa

    Recent studies using low-resolution satellite time series show that the Sahelian belt of West Africa is witnessing an increase in vegetation cover/biomass, called re-greening. However, detailed information on local processing and changes is rare or lacking. A multi-temporal set of Landsat images was used to produce land-cover maps for the years 2000 and 2007 in a semi-arid region of Niger, where an anomalous vegetation trend was previously detected.

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