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Showing items 1 through 9 of 25.
  1. Library Resource

    From Revolutions to Institutions

    Reports & Research
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    December, 2012
    Tunisia, Western Asia, Northern Africa

    In the wake of the revolution, Tunisian society is currently undergoing a significant transformation. In late 2011, the country's first representative government in more than three decades was formed, as the Constituent Assembly was seated. Hundreds of legitimate candidates ran in an election that was free, fair, and enjoyed nearly 90 percent participation by eligible voters.

  2. Library Resource

    Engaging Societies in Responding to Fragile Situations

    Reports & Research
    Training Resources & Tools
    December, 2012

    Extreme fragile situations are now home to at least a quarter of the worlds people. In the worst cases, where fragility has given way to open violence - people are more than twice as likely to be malnourished, more than three times as likely to be unable to send their children to school, twice as likely to see their children die before age five, and more than twice as likely to lack clean water. It is unsurprising that not a single low-income country in these circumstances has been able to achieve even one Millennium Development Goal (World Bank 2011).

  3. Library Resource

    A World Bank Survey

    Reports & Research
    Training Resources & Tools
    November, 2012
    Ethiopia, Africa

    Chinese Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) into Africa is on the rise and Ethiopia is at the forefront of this trend. On request of the Government, the World Bank surveyed 69 Chinese enterprises doing business in Ethiopia with a 95-question survey in May/June 2012. The survey covered various aspects of the foreign direct investment climate in Ethiopia, including infrastructure, sales and supplies, land, crime, competition, finance, human resources, and questions about general opportunities and constraints for doing business in Ethiopia.

  4. Library Resource
    June, 2012

    The 2005 Tanzania poverty and social impact analysis (PSIA) on local government tax reform was designed to examine the intended and unintended consequences on poverty reduction and growth in Tanzania of the tax reforms implemented in June 2003 and 2004. The main elements of the reform were the abolition of the flat rate development levy in 2003 along with nuisance taxes, and the abolition of business license fees for enterprises below a certain size and capping of those fees for larger enterprises in 2004.

  5. Library Resource
    June, 2012

    The objective of the Botswana Investment
    Climate Assessment (ICA) is to evaluate the investment
    climate in Botswana in all its operational dimensions and
    promote policies to strengthen the private sector. The
    investment climate is made up of the many location specific
    factors that shape the opportunities and incentives for
    firms to invest productively, create jobs, and expand. These
    factors include macroeconomic and regulatory policies; the

  6. Library Resource
    June, 2012

    In view of its increasing importance,
    and the dearth of information on return migration and its
    impacts on source households, this study uses data from the
    2005 Albania Living Standards Measurement Study survey and
    assesses the impact of past migration experience of Albanian
    households on non-farm business ownership through
    instrumental variables regression techniques. Moreover,
    considering the differences in earning potentials and

  7. Library Resource
    June, 2012

    This report has the following
    objectives: (i) identify the underlying constraints to
    strong and sustained growth, in particular, the dynamic
    circles that lock Niger in a low-growth/high poverty
    equilibrium; (ii) understand the key determinants of growth
    and poverty traps and the role increased foreign aid could
    play to promote growth and help achieve the
    MillenniumDevelopment Goals (MDGs); and (iii) help

  8. Library Resource
    June, 2012

    Yemen is the second poorest country in
    the Middle East and North Africa region, with 42 percent of
    its population counted as poor in 1998. GDP has stagnated at
    around US$530 per capita in real terms since 2002.
    Unemployment, estimated at 11.5 percent in 1999, is expected
    to have worsened as the population has climbed at 3 percent
    a year and the labor force has burgeoned. Extreme gender
    inequalities persist. Malnutrition is so severe that Yemeni

  9. Library Resource
    May, 2012

    This paper develops and tests a proposed
    methodology that puts forward a new integrated method for
    evaluating the performance of development finance
    institutions. This methodology applies assessment criteria
    that take into account both the social objective that the
    development finance institution addresses and the subsidies
    it received in order to achieve such an objective. This
    methodology is applied to two pilot case studies-Banadesa

  10. Library Resource
    May, 2012

    This report was prepared in close
    collaboration with the Bank of Albania. This report focused
    on trade, services, and agriculture; however, the limited
    scope of their operations still leaves a potentially large
    unmet demand for credit in agriculture. This report focuses
    on problems related to the operation of Immovable Property
    Registry System (IPRS) and other institutions and the
    formalization of property rights and inscription of

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