Households in developing countries take various actions to smooth income or consumption as a means of managing or responding to risk. This paper examines migration and land rental market participation as responses to risk in rural China. The authors show that over the last 30 years, there have been significant reforms in China, which have increased labour mobility and the functioning of rural land markets. The authors emphasise that while limitations still remain, the reforms have to date increased the efficiency of the allocation of these important factors of production.
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Library ResourceJanuary, 2011China
Library ResourceReports & ResearchJanuary, 2011China
Cities are both contributors to and victims of global climate change. Delta cities, in particular, have long been recognized as being extremely vulnerable because they are located where the stresses on natural systems coincide with intense human activity.
Library ResourceJanuary, 2012Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia, Vietnam
In the wake of the food crises of the early 1970s and the resulting World Food Conference of 1974, a group of innovators realized that food security depends not only on crop production, but also on the policies that affect food systems from farm to table. In 1975, the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) was founded—nine years after the Asian Development Bank (ADB). For the past 38 years, IFPRI has worked to provide solid research and evidence-based policy options to partners in recipient and donor countries and at multilateral agencies.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchJanuary, 2012China, Asia
The unprecedented, large-scale, rural-to-urban migration in China has left many rural children living apart from their parents. Yet the consequences for child development of living without one or more parents due to migration are largely unknown. In this study, we examine the impact of parental migration on one measure of child development, the nutritional status of young children in rural areas. We use the interaction terms of wage growth in provincial capital cities with initial village migrant networks as instrumental variables to account for migration selection.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchJanuary, 2012China
Because many rural poor live in areas far away from markets, we investigate whether better road access could help improve their livelihood and reduce rural poverty. We use three waves of a primary panel survey at the household level conducted in 18 remote natural villages in China to study how road access shapes farmers’ agricultural production patterns and input uses and affects rural poverty. Our results show that access to roads is strongly associated with specialization in agricultural production.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchOctober, 2011China, United States of America, Caribbean, Europe, Latin America and the Caribbean
El presente documento ha sido elaborado encumplimiento de la Actividad I.1.1 del Programa deTrabajo de la Secretaría Permanente para el año2011, denominada "Seguimiento permanente delproceso de integración regional".
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksJanuary, 2011China
In today’s China, about 220 million rural migrant workers are on the move – this is more than two thirds of the US population – and their number is set to increase in the course of the country’s urbanisation process. At a rate of 47 percent, still below global average, and against the backdrop of a marked rural-urban divide, urbanisation is not only an effect of rapid economic development, but also forms part of the Chinese government’s economic development strategy.
Library ResourceLegislation & PoliciesRegulationsJanuary, 2011China
"This Regulation is formulated for purposes of regulating the expropriation of buildings on state-owned land and corresponding compensation, maintaining public interests and protecting the legitimate rights and interests of owners of the buildings to be expropriated."
Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 2011Qatar, Burkina Faso, Mali, Ukraine, China, Australia, Ghana, Congo, Ethiopia, Mozambique, South Africa, Malaysia, Brazil, India, Sudan, Saudi Arabia
Land Tenure Working Paper 21. This paper draws on proceedings of a meeting held to discuss the impact of growing private sector investments in land, fisheries and forests. This meeting, aimed at the private sector, took place at FAO headquarters on 28 February and 1 March 2011. The purpose of this paper is to provide a record of the discussion from the private sector perspective. The first section provides the context which led to the workshop concept.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 2011Egypt, Bangladesh, Honduras, Chile, Guatemala, China, Indonesia, Bulgaria, Ghana, Malawi, Pakistan, Colombia, Panama, Nepal, Nicaragua, Vietnam, Albania, Madagascar, Tanzania, Ecuador, India, Mexico, Brazil
This paper explores a 15-country household data base to evaluate the impact of three key assets (land, education and infrastructure) on rural poverty. Using both a descriptive analysis and a quadratic probit model, with the probability of being poor as a function of these three assets, the paper concludes that household access to education and infrastructure are positively associated with higher incomes, while the impact of land holdings varies across countries. Also, this paper shows the importance of the complementarities among assets in their poverty alleviating potential.
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