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Showing items 1 through 9 of 56.
  1. Library Resource
    April, 2012

    Albania's radical farmland
    distribution is credited with averting an economic crisis
    and social unrest during the transition. But many believe it
    led to a holding structure too fragmented to be efficient,
    and that public efforts to consolidate plots are needed to
    lay the foundation for greater rural productivity. This
    paper uses farm-level data from the 2005 Albania Living
    Standards Measurement Survey to explore this quantitatively.

  2. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    May, 2012

    The policy reforms called for in the
    transition from a socialist command economy to a developing
    market economy bring both opportunities and risks to a
    country's citizens. In poor economies, the initial
    focus of reform efforts is naturally the rural sector, which
    is where one finds the bulk of the population and almost all
    the poor. Economic development will typically entail moving
    many rural households out of farming into more remunerative

  3. Library Resource
    August, 2012

    This note recounts that by the early
    2000s, the Government of Mexico and the Secretariat of
    Agrarian Reform, in particular, had come to see investment
    in "the more dynamic young segment of the population
    endowed with more human capital" as the key to
    revitalizing the moribund rural economy of the
    country's social sector. Approaching this objective
    programmatically would entail establishing a land fund from

  4. Library Resource
    July, 2013

    Unequal land distribution and the
    negative social and economic implications resulting from
    such polarization in Colombia have long been of concern to
    policymakers. A 1950 World Bank mission identified unequal
    land distribution as a key impediment to economic and social
    development in the country. Since then, a wide range of
    policies has been adopted to deal with this issue and its
    consequences. Numerous studies show that the success of

  5. Library Resource
    August, 2012

    Internal displacement in Colombia has
    become more prevalent and serious. Expulsion of land users
    to gain territorial control is increasingly a tactical
    element in the conflict. High land inequality makes it
    easier to uproot populations. Providing assistance to
    displaced populations does not reduce their propensity to
    return. Together with other measures, a land policy that
    increases tenure security for those at risk of displacement,

  6. Library Resource
    December, 2014

    Land tenure security is crucial for
    women's empowerment and a prerequisite for building
    secure and resilient communities. Tenure is affected by many
    and often contradictory sets of rules, laws, customs,
    traditions, and perceptions. For most rural women, land
    tenure is complicated, with access and ownership often
    layered with barriers present in their daily realities:
    discriminatory social dynamics and strata, unresponsive

  7. Library Resource
    March, 2012

    Agriculture has made major contributions
    to China's economic growth and poverty reduction, but
    the literature has rarely focused on the institutional
    factors that might underpin such structural transformation
    and productivity. This paper aims to fill that gap. Drawing
    on an 8-year panel of 1,200 households in six key provinces,
    it explores the impact of government land reallocations and
    formal land-use certificates on agricultural productivity

  8. Library Resource
    August, 2012

    The Land-Based Poverty Alleviation
    Project of Brazil is addressing one of the major factors
    underlying poverty in the countryside: inadequate access to
    land by the rural poor. Preceded by two highly successful
    Bank-financed pilots, the project demonstrates the
    large-scale viability of a community-based approach to land
    reform. In the project beneficiary groups negotiate directly
    with willing sellers for the purchase of suitable

  9. Library Resource
    August, 2012

    Brazil has developed a community-led,
    market-based approach to land reform in which poor rural
    laborers and farmers, either landless or with insufficient
    land for subsistence, form beneficiary associations through
    which to obtain financing to buy agricultural properties,
    for which they negotiate directly with willing sellers. The
    financing package includes complementary funds for
    investments to enhance land productivity (water,

  10. Library Resource
    February, 2013

    The report, Land Tenure for Social and
    Economic Inclusion in Yemen: Issues and Opportunities was
    completed in December 2009. The report addresses the
    problems of land ownership in Yemen and the various social
    and economic problems associated with the system of land
    ownership. Property rights under Yemeni Law are expressed
    both in custom and statute, but both are informed by shari a
    (Islamic law), which provides the basic property categories

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