A independência de São Tomé e Príncipe, em 1975, foi um projeto de um grupo muito restrito de exilados. O arquipélago tornou-se independente sob a liderança do Movimento de Libertação de São Tomé e Príncipe (MLSTP) e Pinto da Costa. Apesar de alguns militantes viverem no Gabão e não serem socialistas, o MLSTP, apoiado pelo Movimento Popular de Libertação de Angola, tornou-se socialista. Depois de 1975, sob a ditadura do partido único, o MLSTP tentou impor uma política que enfatizava o valor do trabalho e o ideal do homem novo.
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Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksJanuary, 2015Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, Sao Tome and Principe
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsDecember, 2014Central America
This protocol will describe the methodology to be employed for a systematic map that will chart the development of the landscape approach theory, consolidate and synthesize existing definitions, and identify where and how these approaches have been implemented in the humid and dry tropics.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 2014Asia, China
This report examines the opportunities for undertaking forest-based climate change mitigation and adaptation activities in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in southern China. Particularly, it outlines how these activities could contribute to achieving the Convention on Biological Diversity’s (CBD) “Aichi Biodiversity Targets”.
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsJanuary, 2015Global
Land is a key driver of conflicts and is a bottleneck to recovery. Although increasingly acknowledged as a critical factor in peace-making and peacebuilding, land-related issues are often linked to the development agenda but are not properly addressed in post-conflict and peacebuilding. Neither are they inserted in the conflict cycle analysis. Conflicts are often not linear in character and phases of insecurity and partial stability can alternate.
Library ResourcePolicy Papers & BriefsJanuary, 2015Africa, Sierra Leone
Sierra Leone recently attracted significant inflows of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in export-oriented mining and agribusiness. These investments have usually involved large-scale land deals with local communities that have been facilitated and brokered by government officials, local politicians, and paramount chiefs. Affected people and communities were supposed to receive compensations for lost land and, in addition, they expected to find gainful employment opportunities with multinational companies.
Library ResourceInstitutional & promotional materialsDecember, 2014Saudi Arabia
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and FAO have a significant history of cooperation. For more than 50 years, FAO assistance has spanned the full spectrum of agricultural and rural development, with interventions carefully selected to meet top priority areas identified by the country and its regional setting. Some notable features of cooperation include the formulation of policy and regulatory frameworks, including national capacity development, and technical assistance to high-value horticulture.
Library ResourceJanuary, 2015India
The new India’s Right to Food Campaign website was launched in March 2014 at the campaign’s fifth convention. It is an action-oriented website, with lots of action-oriented material on the right to food in India including primers, articles, survey reports, court orders, campaign tools and much more As explained in its foundation statement, the right to food campaign is an informal network of individuals and organisations committed to the realisation of the right to food in India.
Library ResourceDecember, 2014
Less than 2% of the land available worldwide is owned by women. Why is the issue of land so gendered? What approaches and lessons learned can development professionals utilise to address the issue of gender and land? Data demonstrates a glaring gender gap in land holdings in all regions of the world. This is regardless of the fact that women produce 60% to 80% of food in developing countries. This working paper highlights critical issues concerning gender and land and provides an overview of the international and regional legal and policy context.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchJanuary, 2015Africa, Kenya
Oil exploitation is relatively a new phenomenon in the Kenyan legal system. The current energy laws, fail to identify and establish a relevant institutional and legislative framework for a natural resource benefits sharing regime. Indigenous Local Communities inhabiting oil rich areas disproportionally forgo their enjoyment of their land, livelihoods, endure environmental degradation, increase pollution and relatively poorer health as compared to the rest f the national population. For the above they ought to be compensated and accorded a percentage benefit over and above other Kenyans.
Library ResourceJanuary, 2015South Africa
The corporate social responsibility (CSR) agenda has been a part of the global debate on socio-economic development for many decades. Countless claims have been made that CSR can contribute towards more inclusive development and the alleviation of poverty. This briefing examines the concept and role of CSR in the mining industry of South Africa. The mining case study reviewed here demonstrates that key implementation challenges are a lack of co-ordination and alignment with the government’s development plans, at both national and local level, coupled with weak monitoring and evaluation.
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