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Showing items 1 through 9 of 28.
  1. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    June, 2012
    Global

    Slum upgrading programs are being used by national and city governments in many countries to improve the welfare of households living in slum and squatter settlements. These programs typically include a combination of improvements in neighborhood infrastructure, land tenure, and building quality. In this paper, the authors develop a dynamic general equilibrium model to compare the effectiveness of alternative slum upgrading instruments in a second-best setting with distortions in the land and credit markets.

  2. Library Resource
    June, 2012
    Botswana

    The objective of the Botswana Investment
    Climate Assessment (ICA) is to evaluate the investment
    climate in Botswana in all its operational dimensions and
    promote policies to strengthen the private sector. The
    investment climate is made up of the many location specific
    factors that shape the opportunities and incentives for
    firms to invest productively, create jobs, and expand. These
    factors include macroeconomic and regulatory policies; the

  3. Library Resource
    June, 2012
    Latin America and the Caribbean

    Despite significant changes in poverty
    overall in Latin America, the proportion of indigenous
    peoples living in poverty did not change much from the early
    1990s to the present. While earlier work focused on human
    development, much less has been done on the distribution and
    returns to income-generating assets and the effect these
    have on income generation strategies. The authors show that
    low income and low assets are mutually reinforcing. For

  4. Library Resource
    June, 2012
    Albania

    This sector report claims that in the
    three years between 2002 and 2005 alone, almost 235,000
    people have moved out of poverty in Albania. Strong economic
    growth and large inflow of remittances are at the center of
    this impressive achievement. However, low productivity of
    predominantly small family farms has put a drag on rural
    growth prospects. Moreover, Ndihma Ekonomike (NE) program,
    the means-tested income support program is small in scale,

  5. Library Resource
    June, 2012
    Uganda

    This study was conducted with the main objective of determining the linkages between poverty and land management in Uganda. The study used the 2002/03 Uganda National Household Survey in eight districts representing six major agro-ecological zones and farming systems. Farmers in these districts deplete an average of 179 kg/ha of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium, which is about 1.2 percent of the nutrient stock stored in the topsoil.

  6. Library Resource
    June, 2012
    Bosnia and Herzegovina

    The private enterprise sector in Bosnia
    and Herzegovina (BiH) has been expanding steadily, and
    estimates are that it presently contributes close to 50
    percent of Gross Domestic Product (GDP). The BiH private
    enterprise sector initially developed following the
    privatization program starting in 1999. Under that program,
    the majority of state owned enterprises (SOEs) that were
    privatized were done so using the voucher privatization

  7. Library Resource
    June, 2012
    Latin America and the Caribbean

    Indigenous peoples make up less than 5
    percent of the world's population, yet comprise 15
    percent of the world's poor. The indigenous population
    of Latin America is estimated at 28 million. Despite
    significant changes in poverty overall, the proportion of
    indigenous peoples in the region living in poverty - at
    almost 80 percent - did not change much from the early 1990s
    to the early 2000s. Economic Opportunities for Indigenous

  8. Library Resource
    June, 2012
    Bangladesh

    Bangladesh has recorded impressive
    economic and social gains since the 1990s. Recent growth has
    been at levels close to six percent. The country has doubled
    per capita growth and taken large strides toward reaching
    many Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), ahead of many
    comparable countries. Attaining the MDGs calls for
    accelerating economic growth to six-seven percent a year.
    Accordingly, Bangladesh's Poverty Reduction Strategy

  9. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    June, 2012
    Cambodia

    Cambodia's changing distribution of
    income-related outcomes is consistent with the process of
    transition from a planned to an open market economy, and the
    accompanying growth of incomes. This transformation has
    promoted better resource reallocation, expanded the spectrum
    of gainful activities, and widened the distribution of
    earnings. Aided by robust economic growth and improved
    capacity for implementing public policies, Cambodia has seen

  10. Library Resource
    June, 2012
    Ethiopia

    This paper provides evidence from one of
    the poorest countries of the world that the property rights
    matter for efficiency, investment, and growth. With all land
    state-owned, the threat of land redistribution never appears
    far off the agenda. Land rental and leasing have been made
    legal, but transfer rights remain restricted and the
    perception of continuing tenure insecurity remains quite
    strong. Using a unique panel data set, this study

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