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Showing items 1 through 9 of 15.
  1. Library Resource

    Summary of Priority Policy Recommendations Drawn form World Bank Studies

    Training Resources & Tools
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    September, 2012
    Vietnam, Eastern Asia, Oceania

    Vietnam's rapid and sustained economic growth and poverty reduction in the last two decades benefitted from the policy and legal reforms embodied in the Land Laws of 1987, 1993 and 2003 and subsequent related legal acts. This note outlines reforms related to four main themes. The first relates to the needed reform for agriculture land use to create opportunity to enhance effectiveness of land use as well as to secure farmers' rights in land use. Prolonging the duration of agricultural land tenure would give land users greater incentives to invest and care for the land.

  2. Library Resource
    June, 2012
    Bangladesh

    Bangladesh has recorded impressive
    economic and social gains since the 1990s. Recent growth has
    been at levels close to six percent. The country has doubled
    per capita growth and taken large strides toward reaching
    many Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), ahead of many
    comparable countries. Attaining the MDGs calls for
    accelerating economic growth to six-seven percent a year.
    Accordingly, Bangladesh's Poverty Reduction Strategy

  3. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    June, 2012
    Cambodia

    Cambodia's changing distribution of
    income-related outcomes is consistent with the process of
    transition from a planned to an open market economy, and the
    accompanying growth of incomes. This transformation has
    promoted better resource reallocation, expanded the spectrum
    of gainful activities, and widened the distribution of
    earnings. Aided by robust economic growth and improved
    capacity for implementing public policies, Cambodia has seen

  4. Library Resource
    March, 2012
    Sri Lanka

    The issue of regional differences in
    development has moved to the center of the development
    debate in Sri Lanka, partly after the release of regional
    poverty data. For the past many years, there have been
    significant and increasing differences between the Western
    province and the rest of the country in terms of per capita
    income levels, growth rates of per capita income, poverty
    rates, and the structure of provincial economies. The

  5. Library Resource
    August, 2012
    Armenia

    This approach resulted in the
    fragmentation of agricultural holdings, with families owning
    noncontiguous plots. Land use was inefficient, owing in part
    to the low rate of use of agricultural machinery. Making
    land use and farming more efficient will require the
    establishment of a functioning land market. Granting farmers
    the right to sell, exchange, and lease their land will
    enable them to use it as collateral and to consolidate

  6. Library Resource
    June, 2012
    Afghanistan

    This study examines the constraints on
    the housing sector in Afghanistan. It evaluates government
    policy on housing, looks at the state of housing finance,
    and examines legal and regulatory barriers with a bearing on
    the housing market. The report provides policy
    recommendations aimed at helping to develop a private-sector
    led housing market. To assist in formulating policies and
    implementing actions, the study recommends forming a housing

  7. Library Resource
    June, 2012
    China

    This paper is motivated by the emphasis
    on secure property rights as a determinant of economic
    development in recent literature. The authors use village
    and household level information from about 800 villages
    throughout China to explore whether legal reform increased
    protection of land rights against unauthorized reallocation
    or expropriation with below-average compensation by the
    state. The analysis provides nation-wide evidence on a

  8. Library Resource
    June, 2012
    China

    China has undergone a profound economic and social transformation as it moves from a centrally-planned to a market-oriented economy. Land issues are implicated in this ongoing transformation in numerous important ways - as key factors in China's quest for economic growth, national food security and social stability; as important influences in the rapid growth of China's cities as well as the future of its agriculture; and as central features in local government finance and in the growth and stability of the financial and banking sector.

  9. Library Resource
    August, 2012
    India

    In India, as in many developing
    countries, land continues to have enormous economic, social,
    and symbolic relevance. How access to land can be obtained,
    and how ownership of land can be documented, are questions
    essential to the livelihoods of the large majority of the
    poor, especially in rural and tribal areas. Answers to these
    questions will determine to what extent India's
    increasingly scarce natural resources are managed. Moreover,

  10. Library Resource
    June, 2012
    Vietnam

    The 2003 land law defines that the Land
    Tenure Certificate (LTCs) carries both the wife's and
    husband's names. Theoretically, the requirement of both
    the wife's and husband's names on the LTCs aims at
    enabling the wife to participate more actively in household
    economic production for poverty reduction, and to protect
    the rights of the woman in the event of civil disputes over
    the land that has been provided with a LTCs. A field-based

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