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Showing items 1 through 9 of 39.
  1. Library Resource

    A Critical Review

    Reports & Research
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    May, 2012
    South Africa, Southern Africa, Africa

    This paper provides an overview of land reform in South Africa from 1994 to 2011, with the focus on the land redistribution. The government policies and associated implementation since 1994 have not generated expected social and economic results for a number of reasons. Even where land has been transferred, it appears to have had minimal impact on the livelihoods of beneficiaries, largely because of inappropriate project design, a lack of necessary support services and shortages of working capital, leading to widespread underutilization of land.

  2. Library Resource

    Summary of Priority Policy Recommendations Drawn form World Bank Studies

    Training Resources & Tools
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    September, 2012
    Vietnam, Eastern Asia, Oceania

    Vietnam's rapid and sustained economic growth and poverty reduction in the last two decades benefitted from the policy and legal reforms embodied in the Land Laws of 1987, 1993 and 2003 and subsequent related legal acts. This note outlines reforms related to four main themes. The first relates to the needed reform for agriculture land use to create opportunity to enhance effectiveness of land use as well as to secure farmers' rights in land use. Prolonging the duration of agricultural land tenure would give land users greater incentives to invest and care for the land.

  3. Library Resource
    August, 2012
    Europe

    Buying, selling and mortgaging farmland
    are still rare in Eastern and Central Europe. Not
    surprisingly, given the level of risk in many of these
    countries, short-term transactions, especially leasing, are
    more common. These short-term transactions do almost as well
    as land sales in allocating resources. Making them more
    secure by improving simple registration and enforcement
    systems and increasing public access to information on what

  4. Library Resource
    June, 2012
    Botswana

    The objective of the Botswana Investment
    Climate Assessment (ICA) is to evaluate the investment
    climate in Botswana in all its operational dimensions and
    promote policies to strengthen the private sector. The
    investment climate is made up of the many location specific
    factors that shape the opportunities and incentives for
    firms to invest productively, create jobs, and expand. These
    factors include macroeconomic and regulatory policies; the

  5. Library Resource
    May, 2012

    There is compelling evidence of the
    importance of gender equality for poverty reduction and
    sustainable growth. So it should come as no surprise that
    most development actors-international agencies, bilateral
    donors, and most developing countries, have an official
    policy for promoting gender equality. Millennium Development
    Goal 3 (MDG3) on gender equality and women's
    empowerment is shared global commitment. With only seven

  6. Library Resource
    June, 2012
    Latin America and the Caribbean

    Despite significant changes in poverty
    overall in Latin America, the proportion of indigenous
    peoples living in poverty did not change much from the early
    1990s to the present. While earlier work focused on human
    development, much less has been done on the distribution and
    returns to income-generating assets and the effect these
    have on income generation strategies. The authors show that
    low income and low assets are mutually reinforcing. For

  7. Library Resource
    June, 2012
    Latin America and the Caribbean

    Indigenous peoples make up less than 5
    percent of the world's population, yet comprise 15
    percent of the world's poor. The indigenous population
    of Latin America is estimated at 28 million. Despite
    significant changes in poverty overall, the proportion of
    indigenous peoples in the region living in poverty - at
    almost 80 percent - did not change much from the early 1990s
    to the early 2000s. Economic Opportunities for Indigenous

  8. Library Resource
    June, 2012
    Ethiopia

    This paper provides evidence from one of
    the poorest countries of the world that the property rights
    matter for efficiency, investment, and growth. With all land
    state-owned, the threat of land redistribution never appears
    far off the agenda. Land rental and leasing have been made
    legal, but transfer rights remain restricted and the
    perception of continuing tenure insecurity remains quite
    strong. Using a unique panel data set, this study

  9. Library Resource
    June, 2012
    Ghana

    The Ghana Country Environment Analysis
    (CEA) has thus been formulated to assist the Government of
    Ghana and its development partners to: (a) assess the
    country's environmental priorities in key sectors, the
    environmental implications of key economic and sector
    policies, and the country's institutional capacity to
    address them; and (b) find practical management,
    institutional, and policy solutions to handle issues of

  10. Library Resource
    August, 2012
    Armenia

    This approach resulted in the
    fragmentation of agricultural holdings, with families owning
    noncontiguous plots. Land use was inefficient, owing in part
    to the low rate of use of agricultural machinery. Making
    land use and farming more efficient will require the
    establishment of a functioning land market. Granting farmers
    the right to sell, exchange, and lease their land will
    enable them to use it as collateral and to consolidate

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