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Showing items 1 through 9 of 95.
  1. Library Resource
    Reports & Research
    January, 1998
    Global

    This paper attempts to build on a conceptual analysis of both land tenure and food security to set these various linkages that in a dynamic framework that captures both the effects of access to resources on food security and the effects of food security on access to and use of resources.

  2. Library Resource
    January, 1998
    Mexico

    Mexican rural reform has questioned the role of the peasantry and private national producers in agriculture. The reform followed a neoliberal paradigm for incorporating the nation into the global village. As part of a government strategy, land reform in Mexico aims to change entrepreneurial and land tenure patterns in rural areas into an individual, private, large-scale, and capitalist productive structure, and the land market is vital in allowing the land transfers needed to change the land tenure pattern.

  3. Library Resource
    January, 1999

    The paper considers: the question of whether the process of population ageing affects the ways in which land is passed on between members of different generationsthe likely implications of ageing-related changes in intergenerational transfers for food production in developing countriesThe paper concentrates primarily on rural population ageing in contexts where the individual ownership of land or natural resources is a predominant socio-economic phenomenon, although it also considers communal ownership situations.The authors conclude that: the need to conceptualize the elderly as a neces

  4. Library Resource
    Monitoring land quality : assuring more   sustainable agricultural production systems cover image
    Journal Articles & Books
    September, 1998
    Global

    Identification of Land Quality Indicators (LQIs) is a key requirement of sustainable land management. They are required to assess, monitor, and evaluate changes in the quality of land resources and environmental impacts. The Land Quality Indicator (LQI) program monitors the environment and the sector performance of managed ecosystems. The program is being developed on a national and regional scale, but it is also part of a larger global effort to improve natural resource management. The LQI program recommends addressing issues of land management by agroecological zones.

  5. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    December, 1998
    Sub-Saharan Africa, Africa, Ghana

    Land tenure institutions in customary land areas of Sub-Saharan Africa have been evolving towards individualized ownership. Communal land tenure institutions aim to achieve and preserve the equitable distribution of land (and hence, income) among community members. Uncultivated forestland is owned by the community or village, and as long as forest land is available, forest clearance of forest is easily approved by the village chief.

  6. Library Resource

    implications for tree resource management in Western Ghana

    Policy Papers & Briefs
    December, 1998
    Sub-Saharan Africa, Africa, Ghana

    Based on a survey of 60 villages in Western Ghana, where cocoa is the dominant crop, this study explores evolutionary changes in land tenure institutions on women's land rights and the efficiency of tree resource management....With increasing population pressure, customary land tenure institutions in Western Ghana have evolved toward individualized systems in order to provide appropriate incentives to invest in tree planting and management. Contrary to the conventional wisdom, individualization of land rights has strengthened women’s rights to land.

  7. Library Resource

    efficiency and equity implications

    Policy Papers & Briefs
    December, 1998
    South-Eastern Asia, Asia, Indonesia

    This paper examines the equity implications of the evolution of land rights from communal land tenure to individualization in customary land areas in Western Sumatra. This brief sets forth policy implications: Preference for sons in the inheritance of agroforestry area in the Low Region may be explained by the intensive use of male labor in rubber production; in contrast, both paddy cultivation and cinnamon cultivation in the Middle Region use both male and female family labor relatively equally.

  8. Library Resource

    the case of paddy and cinnamon production in customary land areas of Sumatra

    Policy Papers & Briefs
    December, 1998
    South-Eastern Asia, Asia, Indonesia

    This study attempts to identify the impacts of land tenure institutions on the efficiency of farm management based on a case study of paddy rice and upland cinnamon production in the Kerinci Valley in West Sumatra, where most of Indonesia’s cinnamon is produced. The attractiveness of cinnamon as a commercial crop has implications for forest preservation. Kerinci Valley is an enclave surrounded by the Kerinci Seblat National Park, one of the largest parks in Sumatra.

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