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Showing items 1 through 9 of 85.
  1. Library Resource
    Policy Papers & Briefs
    January, 2011
    South America

    * Oscar Bazoberry y Carmen Beatriz Ruiz
    Se fue una década del siglo XXI. A partir de ahora, casi cada fecha rememora alguna mención de la literatura de ciencia ficción del siglo pasado, cuando pensar en los dígitos que sucederían al año dos mil sugería colonias en el espacio, robots a cargo de las tareas humanas más pesadas y la omnipresente amenaza de guerras y hecatombes.

  2. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    Regulations
    January, 2011
    Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean, Asia, Europe

    Recientemente, se ha renovado el interés en fomentar el desarrollo agrícola sostenible unido a una búsqueda de políticas e innovaciones institucionales que lo favorezcan. Los pagos por servicios ambientales (PSA) son un instrumento normativo relativamente nuevo y diseñado para incentivar la provisión de externalidades positivas para el medio ambiente. Este artículo pretende evaluar la experiencia y el potencial de los programas de PSA en apoyo del desarrollo agrícola sostenible.

  3. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    January, 2011
    Senegal

    In response to the 2008 food crisis, Senegal developed an ambitious food self-sufficiency programme which aims to entirely cover national rice consumption needs with local rice by 2015, mainly through massive investments in existing and new rice perimeters in the Senegal River Valley (SRV). It has yet to be seen, however, how the projected rice production boom will reach urban markets, where the product is often unknown or misconstrued.

  4. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    January, 2011
    Global

    Rural development and urbanisation are often seen as competing, but in most cases are intimately linked. It is essential that policies re? ect and support the many positive links between rural and urban areas, enterprises and people. This in turn requires a better understanding of urbanisation processes and the role of small towns.

  5. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    January, 2011
    Global

    Migration is a huge phenomenon. The share of migrants in industrial countries’ populations doubled over the past three decades, and remittances ? ows to developing countries are larger than foreign investment or overseas aid. In many developing countries the percentage of the population working abroad and the percentage of Global Domestic Product (GDP) represented by remittances run into double digits.

  6. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    January, 2011
    Zimbabwe

    The sheer number of refugees from Zimbabwe puts a heavy burden on the province of Limpopo in South Africa. These new arrivals strain the already weak structure of the local labour market. The result is frustration and bitterness for local people.

  7. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    January, 2011
    Africa

    Surveys over several years in the Kagera region of Tanzania have shown that migration has a positive impact on people's living standards, even for those who remain in agriculture. On the other hand, there is evidence of migrants ending up in unfavourable social environments and perhaps even that the traditional home communities are protecting their livelihood and survival by setting up subtle exit barriers, in the form of norms, preventing migration of their most productive members. So, should migration be encouraged at all costs?

  8. Library Resource
    Journal Articles & Books
    January, 2011
    China

    In today’s China, about 220 million rural migrant workers are on the move – this is more than two thirds of the US population – and their number is set to increase in the course of the country’s urbanisation process. At a rate of 47 percent, still below global average, and against the backdrop of a marked rural-urban divide, urbanisation is not only an effect of rapid economic development, but also forms part of the Chinese government’s economic development strategy.

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