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Showing items 1 through 9 of 16.
  1. Library Resource
    April, 2012
    Albania

    Albania's radical farmland
    distribution is credited with averting an economic crisis
    and social unrest during the transition. But many believe it
    led to a holding structure too fragmented to be efficient,
    and that public efforts to consolidate plots are needed to
    lay the foundation for greater rural productivity. This
    paper uses farm-level data from the 2005 Albania Living
    Standards Measurement Survey to explore this quantitatively.

  2. Library Resource
    November, 2015
    Albania

    This Country Partnership Framework (CPF)
    sets out the World Bank Group (WBG) program for Albania for
    the period FY15-19, aimed at supporting Albanias aspiration
    to achieve equitable growth and integration into the
    European Union. Albania emerged from the collapse of
    isolationist communism in the early 1990s as one of the
    poorest countries in Europe. The country then experienced
    rapid growth of nearly 6 percent per annum, rising into the

  3. Library Resource
    January, 2013
    Albania, Global

    Despite several attempts at reform,
    immovable property rights in Albania are not adequately
    secure and represent an important governance challenge.
    Problems have resulted from incomplete first title
    registration, the lack of accurate cadastral records, and,
    in many cases, the absence of reliable evidence of
    ownership. Although Albania has adopted legislation calling
    for restitution or compensation for owners whose property

  4. Library Resource
    April, 2015
    Albania

    This country note for Albania is part of
    series of country briefs that summarizes information
    relevant to climate change and agriculture for four pilot
    countries in the Europe and Central Asia (ECA) Region, with
    a particular focus on climate and crop projections,
    adaptation options, policy development, and institutional
    involvement. The note series has been developed to provide a
    baseline of knowledge on climate change and agriculture for

  5. Library Resource
    March, 2013
    Albania

    Reducing poverty continues to be one of
    the main priorities of the Government of Albania. Currently,
    Albania has an ample platform to provide social protection
    to its citizens through social insurance, social assistance
    and employment programs. However, these programs are not
    efficiently linked to each other, which can lead to unclear
    and occasionally overlapping roles among the programs. Among
    these social protection programs, Ndihma Ekonomike (NE) is

  6. Library Resource
    May, 2012
    Albania

    This report was prepared in close
    collaboration with the Bank of Albania. This report focused
    on trade, services, and agriculture; however, the limited
    scope of their operations still leaves a potentially large
    unmet demand for credit in agriculture. This report focuses
    on problems related to the operation of Immovable Property
    Registry System (IPRS) and other institutions and the
    formalization of property rights and inscription of

  7. Library Resource
    July, 2014
    Albania

    Albania has undertaken major reforms in
    its system of local government finance since 2000. What had
    been a system in which local functions were ambiguous and
    financing was largely provided through tightly controlled
    earmarked grants is now one in which functions are
    relatively clear and local governments have more autonomy
    over the allocation of funds. A new system of competitive
    grants for infrastructure investment has been introduced.

  8. Library Resource
    August, 2014
    Albania

    This report on Albania urban sector
    review focuses on trends and issues that have come to the
    fore with rapid urbanization and with the recent
    decentralization of major responsibilities to local
    governments. Continuing the achievements and addressing the
    problems will require actions by local governments and, just
    as importantly, by the central government, which sets the
    legal and regulatory conditions for local governance and the

  9. Library Resource
    June, 2012
    Albania

    In view of its increasing importance,
    and the dearth of information on return migration and its
    impacts on source households, this study uses data from the
    2005 Albania Living Standards Measurement Study survey and
    assesses the impact of past migration experience of Albanian
    households on non-farm business ownership through
    instrumental variables regression techniques. Moreover,
    considering the differences in earning potentials and

  10. Library Resource
    May, 2012
    Albania

    In 1993, in response to persistent
    unemployment, and rising poverty and social unrest, the
    government of Albania introduced an anti-poverty program,
    namely Ndihma Ekonomike; in 1995 it was extended to all poor
    households. This paper estimates the separate effects of
    participation in this income support program and the old-age
    pension program on objective and subjective measures of
    household poverty. The analysis uses the nationally

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