The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) - currently ratified by 187 countries - is the only human rights treaty that deals specifically with rural women (Art. 14). Adopted in 1979 by the United Nations Generally Assembly, entered into force in 1981. The Convention defines discrimination against women as follows:
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Library ResourceInternational Conventions or TreatiesJanuary, 1979Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Cook Islands, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cuba, Czech Republic, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, North Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Mali, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Myanmar, Nauru, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Niue, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palau, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Samoa, San Marino, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Eswatini, Sweden, Syrian Arab Republic, Tajikistan, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Togo, Tonga, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States of America, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Library ResourceJanuary, 1970Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Georgia, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, North Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland, United Kingdom
FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations) and other development partners are working together with countries to prepare Voluntary Guidelines that will provide practical guidance to states, civil society, the private sector, donors and development specialists on the responsible governance of tenure. By setting out principles and internationally accepted standards for responsible practices, the Voluntary Guidelines will provide a framework and point of reference that stakeholders can use when developing their own policies and actions.
Library ResourceInstitutional & promotional materialsReports & ResearchApril, 2015Bosnia and Herzegovina, Georgia, Montenegro, Serbia
After the collapse of the former Soviet Union and the end of the latest Balkan wars, countries in Southeastern Europe had to reorganize their land management and land administration systems. Whereas in the Caucasus region privatization and first property registration were the main challenges, in the former Republic of Yugoslavia, essential objectives were the return of collectivized, confiscated property through restitution or (re)distribution, as well as the updating and harmonization of traditional land registry and cadaster systems and their conversion to modern systems.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 2015Slovenia, Serbia, France, North Macedonia, Slovakia, United States of America, Croatia, Germany, Austria, Iceland, Switzerland, Romania, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Turkey, Albania, Italy, Hungary, Montenegro, Europe
This is one of the seven sector analyses (Meat and Dairy; Fruit and vegetables; Cereals; Wine; Diversification, Fishery and Aquaculture, and Forestry) that have been prepared since spring 2011 for the agricultural authorities in Bosnia and Herzegovina at state, entity and Brčko District level. The sector analyses are inputs to the design of measures to be financed under the European Union (EU) Instrument for Pre-accession Assistance for Rural Development (IPARD), once available, as well as for the design of the country’s policies interventions in general.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2013Serbia, Slovenia, North Macedonia, Slovakia, Lithuania, Armenia, Croatia, Azerbaijan, Ukraine, Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Hungary, Moldova, Albania, Montenegro, Poland, Germany, Georgia, Romania, Czech Republic, Eastern Europe
The countries in Central and Eastern Europe began a remarkable transition from a centrally-planned economy towards a market economy in 1989 when the Berlin Wall fell and the Iron Curtain lifted. Land reforms with the objective to privatize state-owned agricultural land, managed by large-scale collective and state farms, were high on the political agenda in most countries of the region at the beginning of the transition. More than 20 years later the stage of implementation of land reform varies.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 2012Africa, Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, Tunisia, Burundi, Comoros, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Rwanda, Seychelles, Somalia, South Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Angola, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Sao Tome and Principe, Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa, Eswatini, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo, Americas, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Haiti, Jamaica, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela, Northern America, Canada, United States of America, Asia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, China, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Japan, Mongolia, Republic of Korea, Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Iran, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Cyprus, Georgia, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Europe, Belarus, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Hungary, Moldova, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Ukraine, Denmark, Estonia, Faroe Islands, Finland, Iceland, Ireland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom, Albania, Andorra, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Greece, Holy See, Italy, North Macedonia, Malta, Montenegro, Portugal, San Marino, Serbia, Slovenia, Spain, Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Monaco, Netherlands, Switzerland, Oceania, Australia, New Zealand, Fiji, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Nauru, Palau, Cook Islands, Niue, Samoa, Tokelau, Tonga, Tuvalu, Global
The VGGT represent the first inter-governmental consensus on the principles and accepted standards for the responsible governance of tenure for governments, international organisations, communities, and the private sector. Their aim is to promote secure tenure rights and equitable access to land, fisheries and forests as a means of eradicating hunger and poverty, supporting sustainable development and enhancing the environment.The Guidelines serve as a reference and set out principles and internationally accepted standards for practices for the responsible governance of tenure.
Library ResourceReports & ResearchDecember, 2010Serbia, Afghanistan, Croatia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Kyrgyzstan, North Macedonia, Iran, Russia, Ukraine, Moldova, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Albania, Uzbekistan, Montenegro, Kazakhstan, Georgia, Armenia, Tajikistan, Europe
Meeting Name: European Commission on Agriculture
Meeting symbol/code: ECA 36/10/3
Session: Sess. 36
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2008Serbia, North Macedonia, Armenia, Turkey, Croatia, Azerbaijan, Denmark, Ukraine, Bulgaria, Ireland, Austria, Belarus, Italy, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Hungary, Moldova, Albania, Montenegro, Poland, Germany, Georgia, Romania, Czech Republic, Europe
Land consolidation can be an important tool for increasing agricultural competitiveness and improving rural conditions. Farmers can become more competitive when they decrease fragmentation and increase the size of their farms, and rural communities can benefit when consolidation projects include components to improve local infrastructure and the environment.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2012Angola, Algeria, Egypt, Bangladesh, Niger, Liechtenstein, Somalia, Namibia, Bulgaria, Bolivia, Ghana, Pakistan, Cape Verde, Jordan, Liberia, Libya, Vietnam, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Tanzania, Portugal, Cambodia, Ethiopia, Paraguay, Saudi Arabia, Lebanon, Slovenia, Burkina Faso, Slovakia, Mauritania, Croatia, Chile, China, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Jamaica, Djibouti, Guinea, Finland, Uruguay, Thailand, Seychelles, Nepal, Laos, Yemen, Philippines, South Africa, Kiribati, Uganda, Syrian Arab Republic, Nicaragua, Kazakhstan, Niue, Dominica, Benin, Nigeria, Belgium, Togo, Zimbabwe, Sri Lanka, United Kingdom, Malawi, Costa Rica, Cameroon, Morocco, Lesotho, Tokelau, Turkmenistan, Trinidad and Tobago, Netherlands, Iraq, Chad, Georgia, Montenegro, Mongolia, Marshall Islands, Belize, Afghanistan, Burundi, Belarus, Grenada, Greece, Andorra, Rwanda, Tajikistan, Haiti, Mexico, Saint Lucia, India, Latvia, Bhutan, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Malaysia, Norway, Czech Republic, Antigua and Barbuda, Fiji, Honduras, Mauritius, Dominican Republic, Luxembourg, Israel, San Marino, Peru, Indonesia, Vanuatu, North Macedonia, Suriname, Congo, Iceland, Cook Islands, Comoros, Colombia, Botswana, Nauru, Moldova, Sao Tome and Principe, Madagascar, Ecuador, Senegal, Maldives, Serbia, France, Lithuania, Mozambique, Zambia, Samoa, Holy See, Guatemala, Denmark, Germany, Australia, Austria, Venezuela, Iran, Palau, Kenya, Turkey, Albania, Oman, Tuvalu, Myanmar, Brunei Darussalam, Tunisia, Russia, Barbados, Brazil, Canada, Equatorial Guinea, United States of America, Qatar, Sweden, Ukraine, Guinea-Bissau, Eswatini, Tonga, Ivory Coast, Republic of Korea, Guyana, Switzerland, Cyprus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Singapore, Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan, Central African Republic, Poland, Kuwait, Gambia, Eritrea, Gabon, Estonia, Spain, Faroe Islands, El Salvador, Mali, Ireland, Malta, South Sudan, Sierra Leone, Panama, Bahamas, Solomon Islands, New Zealand, Monaco, Italy, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Japan, Kyrgyzstan, Armenia, Micronesia, United Arab Emirates, Argentina, Sudan, Bahrain, Hungary, Papua New Guinea, Cuba, Americas, Northern America, Europe, Asia, Africa, Global, Oceania
Данные руководящие принципы являются первым всесторонним глобальным правовым документом, посвященным вопросам системы владения и пользования ресурсами и ее регулирования, который был подготовлен на основе межправительственных переговоров. В них установлены принципы и международно признанные стандарты ответственной практики пользования земельными, рыбными и лесными ресурсами, а также контроля за ними.
Library ResourceJournal Articles & BooksDecember, 2006Serbia, Slovenia, North Macedonia, Slovakia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Croatia, Turkey, Bulgaria, Estonia, Ireland, Malta, Italy, Cyprus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Hungary, Albania, Montenegro, Poland, Latvia, Romania, Czech Republic, Europe
EU membership has profound implications for all parts of a country’s economy, as well as for its relationships with the other countries in Europe and its internal political structures. Members of the EU must be democracies governed by the rule of law and which guarantee human rights. They must have functioning market economies able to withstand the competitive pressures that EU membership brings, and governmental structures capable of discharging the wide range of obligations imposed on EU Member States.